Saturday, July 26, 2008

Manipur on high alert as child abduction continues

Imphal, Jul 26 : Authorities in northeastern India’s Manipur state have sounded a high alert with militants continuing to abduct children to swell their ranks, forcing the police to set up task forces and monitor suspicious movements in front of schools, officials said on Saturday.

The unprecedented trend of insurgent groups luring or forcibly taking children away to join their ranks began in May and despite public demonstrations by parents and civil society groups against the practice, kidnappings have continued, creating panic in the state ravaged by insurgency for decades.

“About 30 or more children are believed to be missing from different parts of the Imphal valley although many cases have not been reported to the police. So far, 13 cases of abductions have been registered,” Manipur police chief Y Joykumar Singh told reporters.

All the children, either reported kidnapped or missing, are in the age group of 11 to 16. While four of them have returned, the rest are still untraced. “This is a dangerous development and we are bent on tackling and putting a halt to this action by the militants,” Joykumar Singh said.

The police chief said instructions have been issued to frisk all vehicles at checkpoints and monitor suspicious movement of vehicles or people near educational institutions.

“We have directed the police to keep vigil over bailed out rebel cadres and over-ground sympathisers of militant groups and also to liaise constantly with schools,” Singh said.

The police have set up special task forces in four districts in the Imphal Valley - Imphal West, Imphal East, Thoubal and Bishnupur - to deal with the problem. Joykumar Singh rejected claims by the concerned rebel groups that many children have joined them of their own volition.

“Police investigations have revealed that the children have been forcibly taken away and made to join the outfits,” he said. The two insurgent groups who have admitted or been identified as inducting children in their ranks are the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (vice-chairman faction) and the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (general secretary faction).

One of the PREPAK factions had recently paraded six children before invited journalists and claimed they had willingly joined the group. The police chief said the rebels are recruiting “child soldiers” because “they can no longer find older or mature youth” to join them. Manipur has up to 19 active insurgent groups pushing demands ranging from secession to more autonomy.



12 percent hike in DA/DR of state govt employees

IMPHAL, Jul 25: The dearness allowance/dearness relief of the employees of the Manipur government have been enhanced by 12 percent effective from July this year.

A memorandum of the state government circulated today by the state finance department said, "The Governor of Manipur is pleased to decide that the dearness allowances/dearness relief payable to the state government employees/pensioners/family pensioners shall be enhanced from the existing rate of 35 percent to 47 percent with effect from 01-07-2008." Mention may be made that employees of the state government have been pressurizing the state government for enhancing the DA/DR for a long time.

Apparently as a result of this, a Cabinet meeting under the chair of the state chief minister O Ibobi Singh recently approved the proposal of the state finance department to add 12 percent to the existing 35 percent DA and DR for its employees.

The calculation of the dearness allowance will be done on the basis of the pay drawn in the prescribed scale of pay including stagnation increment and non-practicing allowance, NPA and will not include the other types of pay like special pay (enjoyed by the employees under suspension) and personal pay etc.

The office memorandum said that with effect from December 1, 2007, the DA/DR is computed on the basis of basic pay/pension, dearness pay/pension stagnation increment and NPA.

In case of medical and veterinary doctors including homeopathy and nature cure the limit of pay plus DA and NPA currently existing under the office memorandum of September 25, 2007 still holds good.

But for the employees who opted to retain the existing scale of pay (pre-revised) the DA/DR will include, in addition to pay in the pre-revised scale, dearness allowance and interim relief appropriate to pay admissible under order in existence as on January 1, 1996, it said.


Friday, July 25, 2008

An Interview with the Bravest Son of Sinlung: Pu HT Sangliana

HT Sangliana, a Christian BJP Member Of Parliament from Bangalore North, was expelled by the BJP for following his conscience by voting in favour of the Indo-Nuclear deal in the recently held Trust Vote against the UPA government, (From Super Cop to Super MP)speaks to Lalremlien Neitham in an exclusive interview. The excerpt;

You voted in favor of the Indo-US Nuclear deal in the recently held Trust Vote against the UPA government. What’s your take on the deal?

India, today, has attained reputation of super power status for right or wrong reasons. In reality, we are not yet fully fit to be tested and certified as such for various reasons of which acute Power shortage is most outstanding. In a situation like this it is absolutely natural to not only welcome but support meaningful move of the government such as the Indo-US Nuclear Deal which will give us free access to Nuclear Suppliers Group consisting as many as 45 of them from whom we will be able to buy our nuclear fuel requirements. Such an understanding will give us the long awaited infrastructure building capacity to meet our present and future need of power so that the next generation will not blame us for not taking required steps to ensure availability of sufficient power for them. This is why I stood for immediate materialization or operation of the deal.

You said that you voted in favor of the UPA by following your conscience. Can you elaborate on the conscience?

The deal under consideration was initially started by NDA in which BJP was the biggest stakeholder. But for not being in power now and for fearing that UPA might take full credit for implementation of the deal that BJP wants to have it redrafted so that it will gain some political mileage to improve its image. This is pure politic which I do not like. It hurt my conscience. Undue delay of the agreement is likely to result in our missing the Bus and starting from the beginning again will surely be much costlier. Our own experts’ and strategists’ motive and patriotism we need not doubt and undo the present draft agreement un-necessarily. What is the need to have doubt on their integrity and say our sovereignty might be lost or trampled upon. This is all un-founded apprehension.

The BJP expelled you from the party as a result of your voting for the UPA government. Would you rejoin the party if it revokes your suspension?

No, I will not. I did not agree with BJP’s stand namely re-drafting the agreement for taking political mileage, which is childish.

Some people say that you made a mistake when you voted in favour of the UPA, and that it was your political suicide. Any comments?

Like many others, my voting buttons did not work and I had to sign on a prescribed form meant for use in the event of such failures taking place. In fact, the event turned out to be a welcomed thing as both sides took great interest to know whom I was going to vote. Where is the question of suicidal politics in the process?

Would you have continued to stay with the BJP if your party had not expelled you?


What is your opinion on the BJP and its leaderships?

As a party it is as good or as bad as any other party. BJP leaders are also as good or as bad as leaders in other parties. However, their party manifestos conflict with secular doctrines, outlook and practices. They give first priority to everything connected to Hinduism putting the rest behind back burners.

What is your view on the current politics and politicians of India?

The main problem in Indian polity today is too many regional parties resulting in horse-trading to capture power both in the center and states, which further causes perpetual instability resulting in selfishness and birth of personal/family agenda. Politics today is nothing but commerce/industry and you can make money by resorting to malpractices. Father/mother encourages his/her off springs to enter into politics rather encouraging them to take up regular jobs and make quick money. In every state we find such people whose priority is not peoples’ welfare but selfish ends. Due to this corruption prospers and the poor continue to be poor; respect to law and good traditional practices disappear giving birth to selfishness. In fact, regional parties are the creation of either ambitious individuals who want political power or by disgruntled politicians who were not given ticket to stand as candidate in elections.

Aristotle said 3000 years ago that those in Democracy are mostly illiterate/not highly educated and as such their standard of leadership or governance could not be high. This is exactly what we see in our country today except a few intellectuals and highly educated who are in small minority.

In whose party ticket will you be standing for the next general election?

Not yet decided.

Do you have any political aspirations from your native State of Mizoram? If so, will you be entering into State politics?

Yes, I do but not immediately.

If given the reign, how would you handle the rampant corruption, dirty politics, and other peoples’ issue in Mizoram?

I will, first of all, set clean personal example in austerity and economy measures will be ensured/ taken in every activity of ministers and government officials. Quality and speed will be insisted in every work. Punctuality will be strictly enforced in office attendance and for completion of every project. Conscious commission and omission of mistakes/ wrong things will be duly punished. Corrupt individuals will be trapped, prosecuted and dismissed from Government jobs. Poor standard of works will automatically disqualify a contractor for future bidding and will be blacklisted. Strict quality control/check will be enforced in each and every work. Vigilance commission will be instituted to contain corruption. Nepotism, favoritism, partiality and selfish act will not be tolerated. Church and NGOs will be requested to assist the Vigilance Commission in the fight against corruption.


ZOCULSIN Cultural & Literature Ward awardees

The Zo Cultural -cum- Literature Society India (ZOCULSIN) on it's 10th Aniversary Celebration function held at MP Club, South Avenue, New Delhi on the 24th of July 2008 distribute ZOCULSIN's Cultural & Literature Award the he following recepients.

Note: These awards are given in terms of their contributions towards the Zo/Zou Literature and Cultural development.
Keep on scrolling down................

Sl.No.Goes to...In the field of..
01.Mr. S. Kaikhohau Preservation of traditional Zo Folksongs
02. Mr. S. Gou Za PauPreservation of traditional Zo Folksongs
06 T. KhamzakapLyricist of traditional Zo folksongs and poetical works
03. M. LiensuonkapPromotion of Zou Literature
04. Mr. Thongpau TaithulClassical song lyricist and lyricist of UZO anthem
05 T. ChinzakhupPromotion of Zou Literature
07 Mr. Lamkhothawng TaithulPromotion of Zou Literature
08 Mrs. MannuamchingPromotion of Zou Literature
09 (L) Thangkhanlal(posthumous) Promotion of Zo Literature, Modern classical song lyricist
10 Dr. M. LachinkhaiPromoter of Zou literature
11 Miss M.Cecilia MamanPromoter of Zou literature
12Rev. Fr. Mark Thang Khan AiDirector, Radio Veritas Asia, Zomi-Chin Service for promotion of Zo language for the past 10 years
13Mr. M. James KhamchinsuonPromotion of Zou literature
14Mr. T. C. TungnungPromotion of Zou literature
15Miss T. HatkhanchingBest female artiste
16Mr. M. Haumang Best classical song lyricist and artiste
17Mr. M. JamkholienBest modern song lyricist
18Mr. T. Gougin Prolific writer of Zou community in India
19Mr. M. Lawrence ThanghausuonGolden classical voice
20Mr. M. Paul Gin Za PaoTraditional folksong lyricist and poetical works
21Mr. Aloysius NehkhojangChief translator of first complete Holy Bible in Zo (1983)
22Rev. L. TaithulChief translator of Holy Bible in Zomi (1995)
23Dr. P. S. Kham Do NangCultural Historian of Zo people
24Lie leh tângte, Yangon 1993 Preservation and promotion of Zo folksongs
25Miss Zogam BawiniengEvergreen artiste of Zo community
26Rev. Ai Lien Mang Promoter of Zo language
27Rev. Mang Kho Lien Chief translator of Zo Holy Bible (2007)
28(L) Thonghang (posthumous) Promotion of modern socio-religious songs
29(L) S. Semkhopau (posthumous) Chief Translator of the First New Testament Bible in Zo languge(1967), First editor of Jougam Thusuo(1953-4)
29Mr. P. Kaizakham Promotion of modern socio-religious songs
30T. Tuolzachin Promotion of Art, Creative writings
31Mr. P. Zamkhosoi Director, ZSP Drama Songs(1965)
32Zouthai Team Best promoter of language 2005
33Pastor KhamchinkhaiFirst compiler of Pi-Pu Thuguichin, Promoter of Zou literature
34Mr. T. SemkholunThe first Chairman of Zomi-Intercofessional Bible Translation Committee (1977)
35The Zomi FinsBest Musical Band

Nopni-dahni a tawndan

Editorial, The Lamka Post July 25, 2008

Nopni leh dahni a tanau-laina banah innsak-innkhang kikaikhawm a inntekte dahna dahpih leh kipahna kipahpihte ei singtangmite ihi uhi. Hiai bang chiindan pen khovel a nam teng in leng nei chiat ua, himahleh ei ki-uap tuk a ki-uap bel tam lawmlawm ding un gintakhuailou hi. I lak ua lusunna tuak a om chiang in tanau-laina leh innsak-innkhang in i kidelhhuan banah lusunna tuakte toh kitheihna neikhahetloute tanpha in i gal ua, tuailai phatuamngai taktakte'n han i toh banuah nitak chiang in i lengkhawm zel uhi. Hiai bang chiindan i neih uh hoih mahmah ahihman in i mansuahlouhna ding ua tua sang a kepbit ahih zawk semna dia panlak chiat poimoh hi. I ki-uap dan uh hoih in kepbit poimoh mahleh a lehlam ah i paidan uh khenkhat a hun toh kituak dia
heilamdang zek ngai pawl omta bang hi.

Khopi khat hita ihihna uah, mahni inn a tenglou, mi innluah a teng kitam mahmah hi. Innluah a tengte banah mahni inn mahmah a tengte leng, i plot hawm uh a neu deuhdeuh ziak in tamtakte'n huang liantak leh kichingtak neilou hi. Hichibangte innsung a lusunna a tun chiang in mun awng omlou ahihna ah lamlian bang khaktan in omsek hi. Tu'n leng lusunna ziak a lampi khaktan in mipi a di'n nawngkaina tun thou mahleh a hidandan in paitheilai a, himahleh tunung sawtlou chik in bel a mihing mahmah banah gari leng hong tam deuhdeuh ding ahihna ah mipi a dia genvuallouh nawngkaina nasatak hon tun ding hi. Nopni in leng i innten-louten un hon zillou ahihna ah tamtakte'n lampi bang khaktan zen in i nopni un mipi a dia nawngkaina nasatak i tun uhi. Nopni-dahni a mi'n hoihtak a a hon uap lai ua inntekte'n i tung ua hoihna leh phatuamngaihna hon suahte nawngkaitak a i koih pen a khonung in newspaper khong ah kipahthu gen hial mahle siam kituhna lam a inntekte vuallel deuh suak ding hilou hiam chih ngaihdan omthei hi. Mipi a dia nawngkaina beisakna di'n veng teng phial in community hall ah hun zang leng bang a chi dia? Nopni sang a dahni ngaipoimohzawte i hihna uah, Lusunna hun community hall a zat ding chih i pomsiam uh gintak haksa mahmah a, i pomsiam hun uh leng tunai a a hong tunpah ding gintakhuailou hi. Huai ziak in nopni hun i zatnate uh mahni innmun a huang kichingtak neiloute bang in community hall a zangthei leng mipi a di'n nawngkaina kiam mahmah ding in gintakhuai a, huai banah, inntekte a di'n leng tha-le-zung banah sum senna leng kiam tuan mahmah ding hi.

Huai banah, misi a om chiang in i veng/khua ua khotang pawlpite'n dan a bawl dungzui un sun dak 12 tan a site a sihni mah ua vui chih bang, ahihkeileh, sun dak 12 nung a site a sihni zingching a vui ding chih dan deuh in bikhiahsa in om hi. Etsakna di'n, sun dak 11:30 a tuahsiat ziak a lusunna tuakte a ding bang i ngaihtuahsak chiang in, dakkal 1 leh 2 paisa a hing-le-dam a a iit mahmah uh ompen vuikhiak ding chih haksa petmah ding hi. Veng/khua khenkhat ah, dan bawltu khotang pawlpite'n siluang pen a sihni mah a vuilouh dia thupuk theihna inntekte khut ah koih mahle uh, hiai bang thupukna in khotang pawlpite'n 'official' a a uapna uh mansuahsak ding ahihna ziak leh dan omsa om ahihna ah kuamah khotang a a phengphi hih utlou in i kithuman chiat sek uhi. Kithuman chiat zel mahle phatuamngai pawlpite'n i phattuamngaihna etthak poimoh bang hi. Dahte dahpih kichi mahlehang hiai bang dinmun ah dahte dahna behlapsak kisuaklou ding hiam? I pawlpi dinkhiakna san pen kalh suaklou ding hiam? Huai ziak in sivui hun toh kisai in lusunna tuak inntekte deih dan mah in pai vilvel leng bang a chi dia? Phatuamngai kichi ihih vanglak a leh phatuamngaihna kha 'diktak' toh pang leng hantou ding leh lengkhawm ding i kimulah hial ding ua hia? I kimuhlah sim ua leh leng phatuamngaihna kha 'diktak' hong pawtzaw ding a, i tawndan kepbitna dia kalbi lianpi hong suakzaw ding in gintakhuai hi. Huchilou a, sivui ding i kimuh zohkei hial ua leh lah i tawndan uh i kembit zoukei uh chihna hilel ding a, i kepbit zohlouh ding hum a tua phatuamngai lem kineih khemkhem ihi uh chihna hiding hi.


Zou bodies condemn | RPF condoles | KSO urges and many more

The Zou Youth Organisation, Sugnu branch and the Zou Youth Association, in a joint press release, have strongly condemned the bomb blast which claimed three lives in addition to injuring two others. While sharing the pain and sorrow being endured by the bereaved families, the two bodies urged upon the Govt to compensate the affected families at the earliest.


RPF condoles

IMPHAL, Jul 24 : The proscribed RPF has condoled the demise of a former cadre of the PLA identified as Singgam Joychandra alias Leichin of Salam Mayai Leikai. In a statement, the outfit said that Leichin was taken captive by the ZRA from Pheisat village in Churachandpur district on May 14 and later he was found done to death by the ZRA on June 18. The outfit added that Leichin had written to the RPF expressing his desire to rejoin the PLA and as a test he stayed at Pheisat along with his wife. While staying there he was taken captive by the ZRA and later killed said the statement. RPF also shared the pain and grief of the family members.


KSO urges

IMPHAL, Jul 24: Saying that the lower class building of the Mongkot Chepu Govt High School is in a highly dilapidated condition and may collapse any time, the Kuki Students’ Organisation, Ukhrul district has urged upon the authority concerned to look into the matter and take up necessary measures at the earliest. A press release issued by the student body informed that teachers as well as students are afraid to attend their classes since the beginning of this month. At present, the students are having their classes together in the new building with great difficulty, it said while urging for remedial measures at the earliest.


KRA (U) informs

IMPHAL, Jul 24: While informing that the Kachin training programme of the KRA (U) cadres have been conducted successfully at the 4th Joint Training Centre ‘Gilgal’ camp, genera secretary of the outfit SHT George announced that along with reconstitution of its finance department, Ch Robinson would take over the charge as finance secretary. Subsequently, the old letter heads of the outfit have also been invalidated, and no one would be allowed to use old letter heads in connection with the activities of the outfit including serving demand letter to the people, George said. Furthermore, he informed that the door is wide open for anybody who would like to join the outfit in accordance to its ideological aspects and manifesto.


KRA (U) elects

IMPHAL, Jul 24: A meeting of the central committee of Kuki Revolutionary Army (U) convened on July 20 has elected its new office bearers, publicity secretary Lenin Ch announced in a statement made available to the press today. Accordingly, Solomon Chongloi is the president, Alen the vice president, W Lincon the general secretary, Hills Kh the finance secretary, Brandon the deputy finance secretary, Lenin Ch the publicity secretary, Polash the project officer, Apao the army chief, Rocky the defence secretary, Shyamsunder the Dimapur town commander, Maichel the highway commander, Lalboi the Imphal East district commander, Mangboi the Imphal West district commander, Letmang the Thoubal district commander and Thanboi the Bishnupur district commander, Lenin said, adding while informing the public that in case they received any letter without proper seal and designation may contact the office of the general secretary (KRA-U) on mobile phone no. 943668899.

Source: The Sangai Express

Thursday, July 24, 2008

Obama uses Berlin symbolism to reunite 'old allies'

BERLIN, Germany (CNN) -- Standing before a massive crowd in a city that once symbolized division, Sen. Barack Obama on Thursday warned about the dangers of allowing new walls to come between the United States and its allies.

"People of the world -- look at Berlin, where a wall came down, a continent came together, and history proved that there is no challenge too great for a world that stands as one," Obama said at Berlin's Victory Column.

"The fall of the Berlin Wall brought new hope. But that very closeness has given rise to new dangers -- dangers that cannot be contained within the borders of a country or by the distance of an ocean," he said.

Obama called attention to problems facing all people -- and pointed out their multi-national roots.

He said the terrorists behind the September 11 attacks plotted their attacks in Hamburg, Germany, and trained in parts of Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Those attacks, he pointed out, killed thousands "from all over the globe."

Obama said cars in Boston and factories in Beijing "are melting the ice caps in the Arctic, shrinking coastlines in the Atlantic, and bringing drought to farms from Kansas to Kenya."

"The poverty and violence in Somalia breeds the terror of tomorrow. The genocide in Darfur shames the conscience of us all," he said.

"We cannot afford to be divided. No one nation, no matter how large or powerful, can defeat such challenges alone. None of us can deny these threats, or escape responsibility in meeting them," he said.

Obama started his speech by introducing himself as a "proud citizen of the United States and a fellow citizen of the world."

"This city, of all cities, knows the dream of freedom. And you know that the only reason we stand here tonight is because men and women from both of our nations came together to work, and struggle, and sacrifice for that better life," he said.

Thousands gathered for Obama's highly anticipated speech -- an event the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee said was not a "political rally."

Berliners got ready early for Obama's address, setting up food stalls and entertainment platforms along an avenue near the site of the event.

Crowds gathered at the Victory Column to listen to musical acts in the hours leading up to Obama's arrival.

Obama originally had hoped to speak in front of the iconic Brandenburg Gate, where President Kennedy was photographed during a 1963 visit after the rise of the Berlin Wall. Expressing solidarity with the people of the divided city during the same trip, Kennedy declared, "Ich bin ein Berliner."

That phrase -- which means "I am a Berliner" -- expressed the unity of the West in the Cold War era.

The gate also was the site of a speech by President Reagan in 1987 in which he memorably urged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down" the wall.

But use of the landmark apparently was vetoed by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who a spokesman Wednesday said disapproved of plans to co-opt it as a "campaign backdrop."

Asked whether he looked to Reagan's and Kennedy's Berlin speeches for inspiration, Obama said, "They were presidents. I am a citizen."

"But obviously Berlin is representative of the extraordinary success of post-World War II effort to bring a continent together, to bring the West together -- East and West together," he said.

Nonetheless, as a youthful Democratic presidential hopeful who has promised change if elected and invoked comparisons with Kennedy, Obama's strategists hope a warm welcome from Germans will play well with voters.

Obama said he wanted to communicate to both sides of the Atlantic "the enormous potential of us restoring a sense of coming together."

As the crowd awaited Obama's arrival, volunteers set up shop on street corners and were registering Democrats who live abroad to vote.

"Anyone an American citizen?" bellowed one woman holding a homemade "register to vote" sign.

Some in the crowd were looking to cash in on the Obama frenzy. For 5 euros (about $8), one could pick up two unofficial Obama buttons.

One button that seemed popular among shoppers had a picture of him superimposed with Kennedy. Another had Obama's head atop the body of a beer garden waiter holding seven huge glasses of German brew. The button's slogan said "Obamafest."

Obama is in Berlin for the latest leg of an international trip intended to bolster his foreign policy credentials at home and set out his vision for a new era of transatlantic cooperation.

So far, his trip has taken him to Afghanistan, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Israel and the Palestinian territories. Obama is expected to stop in France and Great Britain before returning to the United States.

Obama has said he is making the trip as a senator and not a presidential candidate.

Obama's speech follows talks with Merkel.

Robert Gibbs, Obama's communications director, described their conversation as "warm and productive."

"Sen. Obama offered an overview of his trip and key impressions from discussions with leaders in the region, focusing, in particular, on the urgency of stopping Iran's pursuit of nuclear weapons. They also discussed climate change and broader economic challenges," Gibbs said in a statement.

Robin Oakley, CNN's European political editor, said Obama enjoyed widespread popularity in Europe.

"He is one of those politicians who reaches parts other politicians don't reach," Oakley said. "After the unpopularity of George W. Bush, the world is waiting to love America again, and many see in Obama, with his youth and his optimism, somebody who can bring that about."


The Zou Script

- Khai Minthang

Quite ridiculous, yet the late Rev. Khup Za Go said “The Zo script was eaten up by a hungry dog” in his book entitled Christianity in Chindland. More pitifully, nobody was able to write the alphabet again after the hungry dog ate up the script!!! The story goes such that the only script we have was written on a piece of animal skin and there was only one person taking care of it. Apparently, it was just a script and the person who was taking care of it might not be able to put them together and inscribe them somewhere to make history. This is absurd and we never know the fact. The story continues that the person who took care of the script traveled to another place on foot, with his dog. It apparently was a hot and sunny day. He passed by a creek and stripped off his load and went down to the creek to get a sip of it. Then, the saddest story ever told happened there - The script was eaten up by his hungry dog.

We never know what it would have looked like. Presumably, it could have looked like a Chinese script or some Oriental scripts, but we never know if we did really have a script. If we did, it is appropriate and believable that it should have been written somewhere inside or outside the caves, stones, trees, monuments, etc. We don’t have to rely completely on oral tradition. The fact that we relied on oral tradition obviously testified that we don’t have a script before or have had one before and the spirit of barbarism invaded us and we lost our script and history entirely. The Pau Cin Hau script is full of absurd alphabets and lacks decency and appropriate transliteration. The script would not even be 200 years old. The Zou script that we tried to patronize now is nothing more than Pau Cin Hau’s script, that lacks age-long written records and using this would mean using a language spoken by a handful of people, in the grand scale. And, it would be so hard to take advantage of the new revolution of the Information Technology unless we can put our script on every keyboard of every computer!!!

The second phase or the present script was presented by the late Rev. Cope of the American Baptist Mission in 1910. This script was adopted from the Roman script. Therefore, we have a script since then. It’s been just a century since we have a script. Few people tried to modify the script for more functional and appropriate pronunciation, but could not come out with a comprehensible solution. Thus, this is an ongoing process. Every tribe and dialect are modifying to fit into the present market - multiplying vocabulary by adding vowels, consonants and even semi-vowels to it. Now, some people even use asterisks, hyphens, dashes, curves, etc. All these made our script more unpalatable and uncomfortable to read and write. I am not talking about the punctuation marks, which are mandatory.

Our script has a history of just 98 years, but our literature (all the customized Roman scripts) has pretty good volumes. It might not seemed unusual if a good number of people could not read and write the script that was invented 98 years ago given the fact that a good many people could not read and write some scripts that were invented over 5,000 years ago. Nevertheless, it is quite shameful for us not to be able to read and write our script when the world is becoming a global village or info-tech world.


Maria Mangte | UNARMED HEROES: The courage to go beyond violence

Samuel T. Lupho, Hnom Penh city, Cambodia

I am really surprise to come accross this books in the Liberary of the Pannasatra Universtity, Cambodia where Iam right now persuing my research. More surprise is a great personalities from Manipur (Eimis) whom the world recognised her. Her stories are insightfull as well inciteful. She is Maria Mangte and here is for you to read and reflect.


Maria Mangte, whose original name os Lhingboi, comes from the norteast of India- the province of Manipur, which borders Burma (myanmar), Thailand and China. Until 50 years ago the tribes in the area lived side by side in peace despite all differences, and even lived partly together. Then British colonisation and Christian missionaries affected their cultural heritage. They were followed by businessmen, plantation founders, and soldiers, because nortyh-east India is rich in minerial resopurces, tropical woods and fertile highland soil. tribal communities were torn apart and in the struggle Maria lost her parents, husband and two children to inter-tribal warfare. She has overcome great personal difficulties in order to advance peaceful relations amongst indigenous people. She was completely unlettered but is now one of the few women members of councils that represents tribal peoples in India.

I have been at the centre of conflict for most of my life. I come from the province of Manipur in north-east India on the borders of Burma, Thailand and china, where there has long beenresistance to the central government. many inhabitants still belong to indigenous tribes, Until 50 years ago, they lived together harmoniously, but the central government used a strategy of 'devide and rule'and set the tribes against each other. I belong to a small community called 'KOM'. We are small in numbers and are now almost to extinct, but our community stands neutral between two warring communities. Both tried to claim our tribe which was dangerous for us because we were split into two groups- one lobbying for the Tankghuls and other for the Kukis. To try to stop this communal struggle within my community was challenging and dangerous. I was also drawn in different direction within myself. I had had a Christian education in a convent school but, through my grandmother, i inherited some of our tribal culture. From her, I learned the ways of preserving and guarding nature; much of the work my grandmother did was done in secret, because it was seen as witchcraft. We were all connected to nature, and the community in itself was in harmony. We did not know a God who stood above all things. From my father I inherited Western values- education, culture and desire for political participation and descision making. He became a resistance fighter who was persecuted by the government and spent a large part of his life in jail.

it was while I was at school that was awakened to social problems, when I used to accompany the nuns in their field work in remote villages. This is where I learned to live a good christian life, learning to give and help and to forgive and pray. but this also led me into political activism. When i was at college I became a stuident leader aand later I joined the revolutionary movement, the Peoples' Liberation Army (PLA). We were fighting for the freedom of manipur state and to bring social justice to our society. We wanted to get rid of gender inequality, nepotism and corruption, discrimination on the basis of religion or caste, and economic disparity. All i knew at that time was the poverty of the people and their oppression, and all my thoughts were about how to liberate them. As a young women, I worked in the resistance with my husband and most of the people in my village. During the arm struggle, many were killed, including my husband. I was able to flee and managed to move to Delhi, where i studies politics. I kept my identity secret, as I would have been seen as the wife of a terrorist.

My political activities included a march to China (in 1979) when I was the only girl among hundreds of boys. Our hope was to establish links with the Chinese Government and to seek assistance in supportof our movement. We wanted to establish a strong base at the border to fight the Indians following Communist ideology. My role was to be guide, nurse, motivator and interpreter. later, i found that most of the cadres were not politically conscious. many hailed from poor families, with neither jobs nor education, and I realized that they had nothing else to do but take up rifles since they did not fit in anywhere.

Eventually, I became disillusioned with the revolutionary movement. I found there are the same nepotism, power politics and hierarchichal authority that i had opposed in the mainstream government. the Chinese Government had changed its policies of giving outside support, but more importantly, I could not accept communist brainwashing tactics or reconcile communist teachings with my christian background. the purpose of being a revolutionary was defeated when i found the normal tendency to selfishness and greed within the group. So, in 1984, I returned to India. I travelled through the jungles of Burma 9as it then was), but when I reached manipur, the manipur state police arrested me on a variety of criminal charges and handed over me to the Indian army.

Detention in the army campwas an important turning point in my life. I faced intensive interrogation from officials from the state central intelligence (CID) and the millitary intelligence (MI) and sometimes from the press. but this experience completely changed my impressions of the Indian army. contrary to what I thought, I found them gentle and polite when they spoke to me, and generally respectful of women. They tried to understand my views and to comprehend the situation as I described the cul;tural diversity within the area and the differences from the mainstream. They willingly accepted many of my views on social and economic problems, although we could not agree on political matters. But whatever the case, I wanted to bring neutral between the two sides and was willing to do anything to bridge the gap between the Indian army and the rebels and to bring them to the negotiating table if possible. my life was too at stake. I knew that if i did not prove myself, i would not be released nor would the groups let me in peace.

In 1968, I agreed to go back to the rebels of the PLA on a special mission. I had a message from the indian Government for peace talk and political negotiations. Once more I cross the border into burma and went to the headquarters of the kachin Independence Organization (KIO), where I met the Chairman Mr. Maran Branseng. I discussed my mission with him as a special messenger to the rebels for peace talks. Contact was made with the PLA, but there was no positive response. however, i came back as an emissary of the KIO with a letter addressed to the then Prime Minister of India, Mr Rajiv Gandhi, and thus left a diplomatic link between Government of India and KIO who were fighting for independence from the Burmese regime.

for the next few years I led a more 'normal life'. I continued my studies in Delhi at Jawaharla nehru University. I also took a part-time job as a tour operator, which enable me to get back to Thailand and meet KIO leaders again. I continue to act as liaison between the Kachins and the Indian authorities, simply as a humanitarian supporter of the Kachin cause, not as an Indian national. later, I lived for a while in Thailand where I taught in a Catholic school and then worked in a finane company.

Life in thailand was completely different from life in india. The cities were more developed than in my country and people were friendlier and more sober, polite and gentle. I had no fears living here. I started to make anew life, earning more money than I needed, but still wanting to earn more to fulfil many dreams I had. But this desire to make more money almost destroyed my inner peace. I was suddenly moving in a different social crowd and like most normal young people I looked for entertainment in discotheques, parties and night-clubs. But i soon tired of the artificial love and romances of thai night-life, the competitiveness and the constant race against time. It was certainly a different way of life, from the jungles to the city! But despite all the rich food and comforts, I was never really happy. I felt lonely and empty, I was worried and discontented, and frightened that I was losing something though I did not know ahat.

An inexplicable impulse brought me back to india (in 1993) where I worked as a project officer for the International Trade Fair Promotion Organisation and then as a manager at reebok International India. Then, once agin, the whole course of my life was changed. I was working in delhi, but I was soon confronted with the victims of ethnic conflict that was flaring up in my region.

Many displaced women were comingh to delhi in search of relatives who could offer them shelter and moral support, and many them ended up on my doorstep. i listened to their stories about the war had suddenly interrupted without rhyme or reason. their sufferings were not only physical. there was the mental trauma and sorrows of parting from loving neighbours from other communities because of the ethnic violence. It was the women and children who were mos vulnerable and this affected me too. I became once more a changed person thinking, 'this could be me'.

The situation back in my region was getting worse. many women were destitute having become widows while the fought in the inter-tribal wars. many orphaned children were begging in the streets with no homes to go. Yound people were taking drugs, yound girls were going into prostitution, and many had become HIV positive. There were increased crime and extortion, while insurgency led to millitary operations and attrocities to suppress the insurgency. many women and girls were raped by the soldiers. So this was when I started engaging in relief work, trying to find solutions to the social problems. The first step was to provide immediate rekief to the victims of conflict in terms of shelter, food and clothing, and we hoped that the trouble would end soon.

I soon found that relief work was not enough. The victims were beginning to develop a 'dependency syndrome' because there was nothing for them to do in the towns and cities. This was not their fault. They had come from villages where they were able to grow their own food in the forestlands and to be self-sufficient. But in the towns they were forced to live on charity, which was degrading to them. We needed to initiate income generating activities and at first the most obvious thing was to encourage women to use their traditional cloth-weaving skill which are rare and in danger of vanioshing. For weeks at a time we searched the city for markets where we could sell this traditional tribal clothing.

I also worked at the political level to promote the resolution of ethnic conflicts, so that the displaced people could return to their homes and normal life. For this work, the Tribal welfare Society came into existence. The society worked holistically to cater to the needs of victims and other downtrodden people in society. It contributed to education and health needs, provided legal aid, and promoted income-generating projects. It also raise awareness about peace, conflict resolution and human rights issues.

As a result of this work, I became involved in organisations at the national level devoted to promoting the interest and welfare of tribal peoples. In 1994, i was appointed Joint Secretary of the All Tribal Development council, and in 1996 i was elected as the secretary General of the Indian confederation of Indigenous and tribal peoples. In 1997, I was a representative at the UN Working Group on Indigenous people held in Geneva. There I met representative from all revolutionary groups in our region. With all their different goals and objectives, they were seeking support from western world for their movements. At this conference, we wanted to raise awareness and understanding amongst our European supporters of the problems we faced and the gravity of the situation.

Working for peace in a conflict zone is not easy with so many diverse ethnic communities who are rivals to each other. The situation is so confusing it is difficult to kow what to do. Every well intentioned action can invite hatred and suspicion, because if you work with one community another will consider you an enemy. The best approach is to find problems shared by the same kinds of people from different groups. For example, we work with women from different groups who have been victims of violence, or we try to bring traditional leaders together to discuss common problems, or we try to bring together unemployed youths from different communities. There are all kinds of practical activities that can bring people together, like the women's weaving project or agricultural project, as well as seminars and workshops.

My experience as a student leader, as a revolutionary, as a political prisoner, as a social worker and as a movement leader have taught me that the 'grass is not greener on the other side'. I have decided to work for peace and my work is to built bridges where people have been torn apart. I also realised that no liberation movement can bring freedom or liberate human race. Freedom is in the minds and hearts of the people. This taught me to respect every individual in their own place, which brought a feeling of stillness and peace in the middle of noisy crowd. I understood that we need to create many more visonaries and not merely leaders. It just needs a huma heart to touch the souls of those who are suffering and peace is within you. And inward peace will bring peace to outside world. Working for peace is not easy and we are often misunderstood, but it is not an impossible task either when everyone joins hands to work for peace.

( This personal testimonies is taken from the book Unarmed heroes- the courage to go beyond violence ccompiled and edited by peace direct 39a Lancaster Grove, London NW3 4HB, Tel: +44(0) 845 456 9714/ )
Lahsawnna: Kuki International Forum

Pictures of Zo Cultural -cum- Literature Society India workshop

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Helpawlte’n a hankhuk ding uh tou

Khovel a gambuaina mun teng phial ah a mihing mahmah leng kiam ahihna ah galkap ding sepaih kitasam zouhial sek hi. Huai ziak in, numei leh naupang tanpha sepaih dia lak in om sek uhi. Numeite leng sepaih dia lak in omsek mahle uh naupangte bel a manphatna uh thei sorkar in duat petmah a, sepaih di’n kumchinglou naupangte lalou himhim uhi. Africa gambuppi sung a gam khenkhatte ahihleh khovel a gam khangtoulou mahmahte lak ah tel ua, sorkar toh helte kidouna leh tualgal in buaisak den ahihna ah galmuan kichi nei vang mahmah uhi. Kum tamtak galdou den ahihna uah a mihing mahmah leng a koilam koilam in tasamta ua, naupang bang leng ‘sepaih’ di’n tamtak la uhi. Sepaih dia kumchinglou naupang late bel a tangpi in sorkar dou lamte-‘rebels/militants/separatist/terrorists ahihkeileh patriots/freedom fighter’- hi uhi. Sorkar kiptak a dinglel lai thagum zang a phuk sawm pen a haksat petmah ziak leh mipi’ gupna a ngahlouh/mansuah ziak un hiai bang pawlte’n a mihing mahmah leng tasam sek ua, kumchinglou naupang leng sepaih dia a lak mai uh ngai sek hi. Sri Lanka a Tamil helpawl hattak, LTTE in leng a ‘sepaih’ ding un numeite banah naupang tamtak la ua, khovel in nakpitak in mohsa hi. Tulai in Manipur a phaizang helpawlte’n a ‘sepaih’ ding ua naupang a lakna thu un Manipur pumpi zelsuak hi. Helpawl a tel dia naupang pimangna tungtang a tung in a thu lianlua bangkei mahleh, awl in ‘case’ dang tamtak hong kipholhsuah a, a thu pen omlou hilou in, nu leh pa tamtak a paungamlouh ziak ua polhkhiak a omlou ana hilel hi. UNO in khovel pumpi a zuih dia dan tuamtuam a bawlte banah India mahmah in leng a Danbuppi tungtawn in naupangte bitna ding dan hoihtak khung hi. Naupangte utna tel in telkei leh, ‘sepaih’ dia thagum a lak gentaklouh, naupangte bawl duhdahna tuamtuam-child abuse, child trafficking, child labour etc. kichite India dan in leng a kham, huchibang hih mite gawtna khauhtak piaktheih ahi uhi.

Manipur a phaizang pansan helpawlte’n a ‘sepaih’ ding ua thagum a naupang kumchinglou a ‘pimangna’ uh toh kisai ahihleh naupang khat kia tungtang hilou ahihna ah, thutak hidia leng a gintakhuai veklouhna chiang omthei hi. Manipur ah thil himhim a hiding bangtak a pai chih om vang mahmah a, sum-le-pai hauhau leh galvan tawite deih dandan in thil pai hi. Hiai bang dinmun ah, kuapeuh in sum-le-pai hauhau leh galvan tawite ngaisang chiat zomah in Pathian biak a biak in om uhi. Huchi ahihna ah, sum-le-pai lah haulou naupangte a di’n bel ‘helpawl khat ah kilut leh kichethei di, mi’n hon maivil ding uh, lawm-le-vualte’n hon zahtak ding uh, nungakte’n hon ngaisang ding uh’ chih lungsim put baih mahmah ding a, tua pimang a om kichite leng naupang chikchik ngen mah ahihna uah hiai bang lungsim neithei hunlel hi uhi. Huai banah, ‘mihing dai kuaman kai zoulou’ chih dungzui in, thagum a pimang hile uh (khatvei tei) taikik vek ding uhi. Tua i suangtuah dan in dikna chiang nei maithei mahleh, a lehlam ah, hiai tungtang thu lianpi suakta ahihna ah, thu zuau hivek ding in leng gintakhuai tuanlou hi. Naupangte amau mimal utna ziak ahihkeileh thagum a ‘sepaih’ dia lak a om hi uh hiam chih bel thutuam, newspaper khenkhat bang ah ‘fall-in’ a neihlai uh limlak tanpha ahihna ah helpawlte’n a ‘sepaih’ ding ua kumchinglou naupang leng la ahihdan uh chiang huntawk mahmah hi. Thagum a lak hi’n hikeitaleh, a ‘sepaih’ ding ua helpawlte’n kumchinglou naupang a lak a a lak himhim ua leh mipi’ gupna a nei nawnkei uh, a mansuah uh chihna leh sepaih ding nangawn a tasamta uh chihna suak hi. Huchilou a, a pawl uh hatzawkna ding gelna a kumchinglou himahle uh lunglutna neite chauh a lak uh hitaleh leng kuaman kipahpihlou hial ahihna ah mipi’ gupna a neihlai sunsunte uh leng mansuah ding uhi. Khat dan peuhpeuh hileh, helpawlte’n a ‘sepaih’ ding ua kumchinglou naupang a lakna un helpawlte nengniam ding a, awl-awl a amau leh amau hankhuk ding kitoh uh suakzaw ding hi.


District Council Delimitation Committee in draft suahkhia; Ngaihdan leh kupnop neite’n ni 21 sung in piaklut theih ding

LAMKA, July 23 : Distrisct Council Delimitation Committee, Manipur in Manipur singtanggam a District Council Constituency teng Constituency 18 apan Constituency 24 chiat a suah ding toh kisai in Constituency-te delimitation a bawldan draft zan July 22, 2008 in suahkhia hi.

District Council Constituency 24-te bel, 1-Khousabung, 2-Leimatak, 3-Henglep, 4-Chongkhojou, 5-Thanlon, 6-Parbung, 7-Vangai, 8-Senvon, 9-Bukpi, 10-Tuivai, 11-Lungthul, 12-Lanva, 13-Koite, 14-Tuibong, 15-Upper Lamka, 16-New Lamka (West), 17-New Lamka (East), 18-Lower Lamka, 19-Saikot, 20-Sagang, 21-Sangaikot, 22-Khuga project area, 23-Muallum leh 24-Singngat ahi.

Hiai Constituency-te gamgi kikhung thak dan in CCpur District sung a District Council Constituency-te (DCC) bel Khousabung DCC ah khua 52 om in voter 7881 om a, Lanva DCC ah khua 27 om in voter 7403 om hi. Koite DCC ah khua 34 om in voter 8734 om a, Tuibong DCC ah khua 11om in voter 9750 om hi. Upper Lamka DCC ah khua 10 om in voter 9664 om a, New Lamka (West) DCC ah khua 2 om in voter 9173 om hi. New Lamka East DCC ah khua 2 om in voter 9491 om a, Lower Lamka DCC ah khua 3 om in voter 9020 om hi. Saikot DCC ah khua 14 om in voter 8384 om a, Sagang DCC ah khua 50 om in voter 6738 om hi. Sangaikot DCC ah khua 69 om in voter 10091 om a, Khuga Project Area DCC ah khua 26 om in voter 7982 om hi. Leimatak DCC ah khua 52 om in voter 6296 om a, Henglep DCC ah khua 61 om in voter 6346 om hi. Chongkhojou DCC ah khua 41 om in voter 6561 om a, Thanlon DCC ah khua 29 om in voter 5366 om hi. Bukpi DCC ah khua 13 om in voter 5218 om a, Tuivai DCC ah khua 19 om in voter 5162 om hi. Parbung DCC ah khua 10 om in voter 6467 om a, Vangai DCC ah khua 36 om in voter 8053 om hi. Senvon DCC ah khua 7 om in voter 6379 om a, Lungthul DCC ah khua 20 om in voter 4143 om hi. Muallum DCC ah khua 41 om in voter 4803 om a, Singngat DCC ah khua 35 om in voter 5827 om hi.

Hiai Autonomous District Council Constituency gamgi khenna toh kisai a gen-le-sak nei utte’n in hiai notification suahkhiat ni July 22, 2008 apat sim a ni 21 sung in DC/CCpur kiang leh Mr. Abdus Salam, Under Secretary, (RD&PR)-cum- Member Scretary, District Council Delimitation Committee, Manipur Secretariat North Block Room No. 312, 3rd Floor, Western Wing ah a gelhthoh in piaklut theih ding hi.

District Council Constituency 24 lak a kho omzah khenkhat bel, 5-THANLON a khua 29-te ahihleh, Thanlon (Vaipheimol), Tongkham, Suangpehmun, Galkapkot, Milongmun, Gamhui, Khongjang, Khoken, Daikon (Suahthumphai), Saite, Savaipaih, Songsang, Bualmual, Muikot, T. Maojang, Thenjol, Phaijang, Pangen, N. Muntha, Tangnuam, Muntha, Nahthielbok, T. Phaikholum, Leijangphai, Tuikumuallum, Tallian, Tuipiphai, Bungjang leh Phainuam ahi.

6-PARBUNG a khua 10-te ahihleh, Tinsuong, Pherzawl, Tallan, Loibuol, Damdiei, Hmar Maulien, Thingpan, Tuolbung, Taithu leh Parbung ahi.

8-SENVON a khua 7-te ahihleh, Lungthulien, Sipuikon, Ravakot, Senvon, Leisen, Serhmun leh Parvachom ahi.

9-BUKPI a khua 13-te ahihleh, Bukpi, Zoupi, Sinzawl, Hansip, Bungpilon, Aibulon, Palkhuang, Khajang, Phaitong, Dialkhai, Mualpheng, Sumtuh leh Joutung ahi.

10-TUIVAI a khua 19-te ahihleh, Mualnuam, Thuangtam, Songtal, Khuanggin, Kaihlam, Sinzang, Mualkui, Phailianbung, B. Munpi, Thiekbung, Maite, Tuilileibul, Mualhoihchiang, Pamjal, Mangon, Sainoujang, C. Zalen, Phaipheng leh Phunchongjang ahi.

11-LUNGTHUL a khua 20-te ahihleh, Lungthul L, Sialbu, Lungthul T, Tuikuimuallum, Enpum, Lungthul E, Kangkap, Tuima, Suangdoh, Chiangpi, Tuilakjang, Ngaljang, Lungchin, Allusingtam, T. Singtam, P. Suahjahau, Maokot, Mongken, C. Tuiveljang leh Mualjin ahi.

12-LANVA a khua 27-te ahihleh, Mission Compound, Molhoi, Old Songpi, S.Lhanbung, Songpi including S.Monglianjang, Vaujang, Hengkot including Ponpi, Sabual, T.Boljang, T.Lhangnom (T.Tangnum), Pearsonmun, Kawnpui, Ngathal, Lanva, Pangzawl, Takvom, Lenglakot, Haopi, Tangnuam, Gangpimual, Mata Lambulane, Telsing bazaar, T.Zouzang, New Khotuh, Tolphei, Thinghangjang leh Ngaloimol hi uhi.

14-TUIBONG a khua 11-te ahihleh, Bijang/Gelmol Khunou including B.Vengnom, Vaipheiveng, B.Phaicham, Tuibuang including Kamdou Veng, Kanan Veng, Kipgen Veng, Kunglal Veng, Leijang Khopi, DM Veng, Tonglal Veng, Seilal Veng, Sielmat, Hmar Veng, Lhangjol, Tuinom leh Pisgah Veng hi uhi.

15-UPPER LAMKA a khua 10-te ahihleh, Chiengkon, HQ Veng, Hiangtam Lamka including Mission Veng, Zellang Veng, Mandop Leikai, Manniang Khua, Zoumi Colony, Phailen & Gelmoul leh Phailien ahi.

16-NEW LAMKA (WEST) a khua 2-te ahihleh, Bungmual leh New Lamka ahi.
17-NEW LAMKA (EAST) a khua 2-te ahihleh, New Lamka (east of Tidim Road) leh Rengkai ahi.

18-LOWER LAMKA a khua 3-te ahihleh, Hill Town/Zellang Lamka, Bijang Loubuk including Zouveng Meitei Leikai, Khumujamba Leikai leh Hiangzou ahi.

19- SAIKOT a khua 14-te ahihleh, Saikul, Thingchom, Saidan, Tuithapi, Saikot, Mualvaiphei, Khopuibung, Tuaitengphai, Tuibul, Thenmol, Dumsau, Mualbem, Daijang leh Ngurte ahi.
22-KHUGA PROJECT AREA a khua 26-te ahihleh, Khuangnung, Saipum, Boklui, Tuikham, Toljang, M. Lhahvom, Mualkot, Maulpi, Sumtukphai, Semol, Mualsan, Ngoiphai with Sehken, Thingkangphai, Lingsiphai, Suangsiboh, Bisanmual, Phaihel, Tualnuam, Tangmual, Mata, Buallian, Zoumun, Mualtam, Geljang, Lamjang leh Phaibem ahi.


KSO concerned

A cabinet meeting of the KSO General Headquarters con-vened today took serious note of the allegation and counter allegation between the KSO Chandel District Information and pub-licity department and the UNLF regarding the incident that claimed the lives of three children and seriously injured two. KSO also informed that the students’ body has resolved to investigate the matter in consul-tation with the area chiefs association and other local concerns to bring out the true nature of the incident that claimed the lives of the three innocent children and other cases which include missing of two villa-gers of New Samtal and Lajang villages. KSO also asserted that the students’ body is pained to see a district branch of its organisa-tion being accused of having link with an insurgent group as KSO does not maintain any relationship with any UG group or work at the behest of the SF since its inception. KSO also expressed concern over kidnapping of children in the valley areas.


Wednesday, July 23, 2008

ZSP GHQ On the Move | Golden Jubilee suong di a etna uleh SSA toh kisai a Zodawn a vena lim uh

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's reply to the debate on the motion of confidence in the Lok Sabha

The Leader of Opposition, Shri L.K. Advani has chosen to use all manner of
abusive objectives to describe my performance. He has described me as the
weakest Prime Minister, a nikamma PM, and of having devalued the office of
PM. To fulfill his ambitions, he has made at least three attempts to topple
our government. But on each occasion his astrologers have misled him. This
pattern, I am sure, will be repeated today. At his ripe old age, I do not
expect Shri Advani to change his thinking. But for his sake and India's
sake, I urge him at least to change his astrologers so that he gets more
accurate predictions of things to come.

As for Shri Advani's various charges, I do not wish to waste the time of the
House in rebutting them. All I can say is that before leveling charges of
incompetence on others, Shri Advani should do some introspection. Can our
nation forgive a Home Minister who slept when the terrorists were knocking
at the doors of our Parliament? Can our nation forgive a person who single
handedly provided the inspiration for the destruction of the Babri Masjid
with all the terrible consequences that followed? To atone for his sins, he
suddenly decided to visit Pakistan and there he discovered new virtues in
Mr. Jinnah. Alas, his own party and his mentors in the RSS disowned him on
this issue. Can our nation approve the conduct of a Home Minister who was
sleeping while Gujarat was burning leading to the loss of thousands of
innocent lives? Our friends in the Left Front should ponder over the company
they are forced to keep because of miscalculations by their General

As for my conduct, it is for this august House and the people of India to
judge. All I can say is that in all these years that I have been in office,
whether as Finance Minister or Prime Minister, I have felt it as a sacred
obligation to use the levers of power as a societal trust to be used for
transforming our economy and polity, so that we can get rid of poverty,
ignorance and disease which still afflict millions of our people. This is a
long and arduous journey. But every step taken in this direction can make a
difference. And that is what we have sought to do in the last four years.
How far we have succeeded is something I leave to the judgement of the
people of India.

When I look at the composition of the opportunistic group opposed to us, it
is clear to me that the clash today is between two alternative visions of
India's future. The one vision represented by the UPA and our allies seeks
to project India as a self confident and united nation moving forward to
gain its rightful place in the comity of nations, making full use of the
opportunities offered by a globalised world, operating on the frontiers of
modern science and technology and using modern science and technology as
important instruments of national economic and social development. The
opposite vision is of a motley crowd opposed to us who have come together to
share the spoils of office to promote their sectional, sectarian and
parochial interests. Our Left colleagues should tell us whether Shri L.K.
Advani is acceptable to them as a Prime Ministerial candidate. Shri L.K.
Advani should enlighten us if he will step aside as Prime Ministerial
candidate of the opposition in favour of the choice of UNPA. They should
take the country into confidence on this important issue.

I have already stated in my opening remarks that the House has been dragged
into this debate unnecessarily. I wish our attention had not been diverted
from some priority areas of national concern. These priorities are:

(i) Tackling the imported inflation caused by steep increase in oil prices.
Our effort is to control inflation without hurting the rate of growth and

(ii) To revitalize agriculture. We have decisively reversed the declining
trend of investment and resource flow in agriculture. The Finance Minister
has dealt with the measures we have taken in this regard. We have achieved a
record foodgrain production of 231 million tones. But we need to redouble
our efforts to improve agricultural productivity.

(iii) To improve the effectiveness of our flagship pro poor programmes such
as National Rural Employment Programme, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Nation-wide
Mid day meal programme, Bharat Nirman to improve the quality of rural
infrastructure of roads, electricity, safe drinking water, sanitation,
irrigation, National Rural Health Mission and the Jawaharlal Nehru National
Urban Renewal Mission. These programmes are yielding solid results. But a
great deal more needs to be done to improve the quality of implementation.

(iv) We have initiated a major thrust in expanding higher education. The
objective is to expand the gross enrolment ratio in higher education from
11.6 per cent to 15 per cent by the end of the 11th Plan and to 21% by the
end of 12th Plan. To meet these goals, we have an ambitious programme which
seeks to create 30 new universities, of which 14 will be world class, 8 new
IITs, 7 new IIMs, 20 new IIITs, 5 new IISERs, 2 Schools of planning and
Architecture, 10 NITs, 373 new degree colleges and 1000 new polytechnics.
And these are not just plans. Three new IISERs are already operational and
the remaining two will become operational from the 2008-09 academic session.
Two SPAs will be starting this year. Six of the new IITs start their classes
this year. The establishment of the new universities is at an advanced stage
of planning.

(v) A nation wide Skill Development Programme and the enactment of the Right
to Education Act,

(vi) Approval by Parliament of the new Rehabilitation and Resettlement
policy and enactment of legislation to provide social security benefits to
workers in the unorganized sector.

(vii) The new 15 Point Programme for Minorities, the effective
implementation of empowerment programmes for the scheduled castes, scheduled
tribes, paying particular emphasis on implementation of Land Rights for the

(viii) Equally important is the effective implementation of the Right to
Information Act to impart utmost transparency to processes of governance.
The Administrative Reforms Commission has made valuable suggestions to
streamline the functioning of our public administration.

(ix) To deal firmly with terrorist elements, left wing extremism and
communal elements that are attempting to undermine the security and
stability of the country. We have been and will continue to vigorously
pursue investigations in the major terrorist incidents that have taken
place. Charge-sheets have been filed in almost all the cases. Our
intelligence agencies and security forces are doing an excellent job in very
difficult circumstances. They need our full support. We will take all
possible steps to streamline their functioning and strengthen their

Considerable work has been done in all these areas but debates like the one
we are having detract our attention from attending to these essential
programmes and remaining items on our agenda. All the same, we will redouble
our efforts to attend to these areas of priority concerns.

I say in all sincerity that this session and debate was unnecessary because
I have said on several occasions that our nuclear agreement after being
endorsed by the IAEA and the Nuclear Suppliers Group would be submitted to
this august House for expressing its view. All I had asked our Left
colleagues was : please allow us to go through the negotiating process and I
will come to Parliament before operationalising the nuclear agreement. This
simple courtesy which is essential for orderly functioning of any Government
worth the name, particularly with regard to the conduct of foreign policy,
they were not willing to grant me. They wanted a veto over every single step
of negotiations which is not acceptable. They wanted me to behave as their
bonded slave. The nuclear agreement may not have been mentioned in the
Common Minimum Programme. However, there was an explicit mention of the need
to develop closer relations with the USA but without sacrificing our
independent foreign policy. The Congress Election Manifesto had explicitly
referred to the need for strategic engagement with the USA and other great
powers such as Russia.

In 1991, while presenting the Budget for 1991-92, as Finance Minister, I had
stated : No power on earth can stop an idea whose time has come. I had then
suggested to this august House that the emergence of India as a major global
power was an idea whose time had come.

Carrying forward the process started by Shri Rajiv Gandhi of preparing India
for the 21st century, I outlined a far reaching programme of economic reform
whose fruits are now visible to every objective person. Both the Left and
the BJP had then opposed the reform. Both had said we had mortgaged the
economy to America and that we would bring back the East India Company.
Subsequently both these parties have had a hand at running the Government.
None of these parties have reversed the direction of economic policy laid
down by the Congress Party in 1991. The moral of the story is that political
parties should be judged not by what they say while in opposition but by
what they do when entrusted with the responsibilities of power.

I am convinced that despite their opportunistic opposition to the nuclear
agreement, history will compliment the UPA Government for having taken
another giant step forward to lead India to become a major power centre of
the evolving global economy. Jawaharlal Nehru's vision of using atomic
energy as a major instrument of development will become a living reality.

What is the nuclear agreement about? It is all about widening our
development options, promoting energy security in a manner which will not
hurt our precious environment and which will not contribute to pollution and
global warming.

India needs to grow at the rate of at least ten per cent per annum to get
rid of chronic poverty, ignorance and disease which still afflict millions
of our people. A basic requirement for achieving this order of growth is the
availability of energy, particularly electricity. We need increasing
quantities of electricity to support our agriculture, industry and to give
comfort to our householders. The generation of electricity has to grow at an
annual rate of 8 to 10 per cent.

Now, hydro-carbons are one source of generating power and for meeting our
energy requirements. But our production of hydro-carbons both of oil and gas
is far short of our growing requirements. We are heavily dependent on
imports. We all know the uncertainty of supplies and of prices of imported

We have to diversify our sources of energy supply.

We have large reserves of coal but even these are inadequate to meet all our
needs by 2050. But more use of coal will have an adverse impact on pollution
and climate. We can develop hydro-power and we must. But many of these
projects hurt the environment and displace large number of people. We must
develop renewable sources of energy particularly solar energy. But we must
also make full use of atomic energy which is a clean environment friendly
source of energy. All over the world, there is growing realization of the
importance of atomic energy to meet the challenge of energy security and
climate change.

India's atomic scientists and technologists are world class. They have
developed nuclear energy capacities despite heavy odds. But there are
handicaps which have adversely affected our atomic energy programme. First
of all, we have inadequate production of uranium. Second, the quality of our
uranium resources is not comparable to those of other producers.Third, after
the Pokharan nuclear test of 1974 and 1998 the outside world has imposed
embargo on trade with India in nuclear materials, nuclear equipment and
nuclear technology. As a result, our nuclear energy programme has suffered.
Some twenty years ago, the Atomic Energy Commission had laid down a target
of 10000 MW of electricity generation by the end of the twentieth century.
Today, in 2008 our capacity is about 4000 MW and due to shortage of uranium
many of these plants are operating at much below their capacity.

The nuclear agreement that we wish to negotiate will end India's nuclear
isolation, nuclear apartheid and enable us to take advantage of
international trade in nuclear materials, technologies and equipment. It
will open up new opportunities for trade in dual use high technologies
opening up new pathways to accelerate industrialization of our country.
Given the excellent quality of our nuclear scientists and technologists, I
have reasons to believe that in a reasonably short period of time, India
would emerge as an important exporter of nuclear technologies, and equipment
for civilian purposes.

When I say this I am reminded of the visionary leadership of Shri Rajiv
Gandhi who was a strong champion of computerization and use of information
technologies for nation building. At that time, many people laughed at this
idea. Today, information technology and software is a sun-rise industry with
an annual turnover soon approaching 50 billion US dollars. I venture to
think that our atomic energy industry will play a similar role in the
transformation of India's economy.

The essence of the matter is that the agreements that we negotiate with USA,
Russia, France and other nuclear countries will enable us to enter into
international trade for civilian use without any interference with our
strategic nuclear programme. The strategic programme will continue to be
developed at an autonomous pace determined solely by our own security
perceptions. We have not and we will not accept any outside interference or
monitoring or supervision of our strategic programme. Our strategic autonomy
will never be compromised. We are willing to look at possible amendments to
our Atomic Energy Act to reinforce our solemn commitment that our strategic
autonomy will never be compromised.

I confirm that there is nothing in these agreements which prevents us from
further nuclear tests if warranted by our national security concerns. All
that we are committed to is a voluntary moratorium on further testing. Thus
the nuclear agreements will not in any way affect our strategic autonomy.
The cooperation that the international community is now willing to extend to
us for trade in nuclear materials, technologies and equipment for civilian
use will be available to us without signing the NPT or the CTBT.

This I believe is a measure of the respect that the world at large has for
India, its people and their capabilities and our prospects to emerge as a
major engine of growth for the world economy. I have often said that today
there are no international constraints on India's development. The world
marvels at our ability to seek our social and economic salvation in the
framework of a functioning democracy committed to the rule of law and
respect for fundamental human freedoms. The world wants India to succeed.
The obstacles we face are at home, particularly in our processes of domestic

I wish to remind the House that in 1998 when the Pokharan II tests were
undertaken, the Group of Eight leading developed countries had passed a
harsh resolution condemning India and called upon India to sign the NPT and
CTBT. Today, at the Hokkaido meeting of the G-8 held recently in Japan, the
Chairman's summary has welcomed cooperation in civilian nuclear energy
between India and the international community. This is a measure of the sea
change in the perceptions of the international community our trading with
India for civilian nuclear energy purposes that has come about in less than
ten years.

Our critics falsely accuse us, that in signing these agreements, we have
surrendered the independence of foreign policy and made it subservient to US
interests. In this context, I wish to point out that the cooperation in
civil nuclear matters that we seek is not confined to the USA. Change in the
NSG guidelines would be a passport to trade with 45 members of the Nuclear
Supplier Group which includes Russia, France, and many other countries.

We appreciate the fact that the US has taken the lead in promoting
cooperation with India for nuclear energy for civilian use. Without US
initiative, India's case for approval by the IAEA or the Nuclear Suppliers
Group would not have moved forward.

But this does not mean that there is any explicit or implicit constraint on
India to pursue an independent foreign policy determined by our own
perceptions of our enlightened national interest. Some people are spreading
the rumours that there are some secret or hidden agreements over and above
the documents made public. I wish to state categorically that there are no
secret or hidden documents other than the 123 agreement, the Separation Plan
and the draft of the safeguard agreement with the IAEA. It has also been
alleged that the Hyde Act will affect India's ability to pursue an
independent foreign policy. The Hyde Act does exist and it provides the US
administration the authorization to enter into civil nuclear cooperation
with India without insistence on full scope safeguards and without signing
of the NPT. There are some prescriptive clauses but they cannot and they
will not be allowed to affect in any way the conduct of our foreign policy.
Our commitment is to what has been agreed in the 123 Agreement. There is
nothing in this Agreement which will affect our strategic autonomy or our
ability to pursue an independent foreign policy. I state categorically that
our foreign policy, will at all times be determined by our own assessment of
our national interest. This has been true in the past and will be true in
future regarding our relations with big powers as well as with our
neighbours in West Asia, notably Iran, Iraq, Palestine and the Gulf

We have differed with the USA on their intervention in Iraq. I had
explicitly stated at a press conference at the National Press Club in
Washington DC in July 2005 that intervention in Iraq was a big mistake. With
regard to Iran, our advice has been in favour of moderation and we would
like that the issues relating to Iran's nuclear programme which have emerged
should be resolved through dialogue and discussions in the framework of the
International Atomic Energy Agency.

I should also inform the House that our relations with the Arab world are
very good. Two years ago, His Majesty, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia was the
Chief Guest at our Republic Day. More recently, we have played host to the
President of Iran, President of Syria, the King of Jordan, the Emir of Qatar
and the Emir of Kuwait. With all these countries we have historic
civilisational and cultural links which we are keen to further develop to
our mutual benefit. Today, we have strategic relationship with all major
powers including USA, Russia, France, UK, Germany, Japan, China, Brazil,
Nigeria and South Africa. We are Forging new partnerships with countries of
East Asia, South East Asia and Africa.


The Management and governance of the world's largest, most diverse and most
vibrant democracy is the greatest challenge any person can be entrusted
with, in this world. It has been my good fortune that I was entrusted with
this challenge over four years ago. I thank with all sincerity the
Chairperson of the UPA, the leaders of the Constituent Parties of the UPA
and every member of my Party for the faith and trust they reposed in me. I
once again recall with gratitude the guidance and support I have received
from Shri Jyoti Basu and Sardar Harkishen Singh Surjeet.

I have often said that I am a politician by accident. I have held many
diverse responsibilities. I have been a teacher, I have been an official of
the Government of India, I have been a member of this greatest of
Parliaments, but I have never forgotten my life as a young boy in a distant

Every day that I have been Prime Minister of India I have tried to remember
that the first ten years of my life were spent in a village with no drinking
water supply, no electricity, no hospital, no roads and nothing that we
today associate with modern living. I had to walk miles to school, I had to
study in the dim light of a kerosene oil lamp. This nation gave me the
opportunity to ensure that such would not be the life of our children in the
foreseeable future.

Sir, my conscience is clear that on every day that I have occupied this high
office, I have tried to fulfill the dream of that young boy from that
distant village.

The greatness of democracy is that we are all birds of passage! We are here
today, gone tomorrow! But in the brief time that the people of India entrust
us with this responsibility, it is our duty to be honest and sincere in the
discharge of these responsibilities. As it is said in our sacred texts, we
are responsible for our actions and we must act without coveting the rewards
of such action. Whatever I have done in this high office I have done so with
a clear conscience and the best interests of my country and our people at
heart. I have no other claims to make.


Georgey spills bean on CV John

S Singlianmang Guite

Lamka, Jul 22: A couple of weeks after the former executive director of New Life Ministry publicly pleaded for clemency, leaders in his previous ministry yesterday rebuffed him with the pretext that ‘they did not find a symptom of repentance’ on his part.

“It is not enough for a man to say I have repented. It is important to prove that by his (one’s) life, by the fruit he produces. He has failed to prove that, he only proved his lack of repentance. That is what is making it difficult for us to accept him,” Georgey Varghese, a man who replaced CV John after the latter’s deeds were exposed told a press conference.

Varghese, who said man can decide repentance based on the fruit he produces also declared before the media that he had received threatening calls before the conference. “If I am going to speak to the media, Iam going answer their questions, and if I am going to clarify things, then I am not going back to Trivandrum, and even my family members will not get to see my dead body”, this is the message that came to my wife, he said.

The man who thinks his predecessor is standing at a point where he does not deserve regards said the conference was held out of necessity, not out of hatred but out of principle, as people were under wrong impression after the latter had started communicating with the society with a different picture altogether. “Anything that we have done in the past one-and-a-half-year, it was never initiated by us but it was always done because CV John had done something,” he added.

To set the record straight, the Director argue the earlier contentions of CV John in a blow-by-blow basis, most of which he said is backed by evidences. He also claimed to get hold of secretly preserved explicit and offensive, never before seen photos and tapes that he (CV) himself had recorded.

Passing on the blame to CV John for starting the present melee with his sinful life and pursuing them unabated with further forgery, impersonation and fund embezzlement, the Director claimed that CV had secretly sold off their Trivandrum Bible College to his 92-year-old father with a different society flouted in December 2007. Besides selling the property worth crores at a mere price of Rs 6.5 lakhs, he is charged with forcefully bolting the Principal, Executive Director and Financial Director offices there with one of his accomplice and goondas and trying to confuse the theological students.

CV was also accused of sending anonymous emails while on counselling with a senior priest and professional Christian counsellor at Iowa, US which speakers at the conference said is another sign of lack of repentance.

According to the Chairman of NLM, H Nengsong 30 of their more than 200 workers were persuaded to put-in their papers by CV John “ their reprimanded director who he said had siphoned off more than Rs 2 crores of aid. He also denied of having received any complaints from parents of the girls accused of having sexual relationship with CV, nor from any of the girls.

Besides lack of symptoms of repentance, the Chairman said their main sponsor the World Help’s explicit communication of withholding their sponsorship if CV was included in the committee or its governing body as another reason for their reluctance to accommodate him.

Equipped with enough evidences, the New Life Ministry board members who refuse to budge despite the media hard-sell on forgiveness, said they were ready to go anywhere CV takes them.