Saturday, August 25, 2007

Cheer the new underdogs

By S.Mitra Kalita

There’s nothing like a good game to make you root for a nation. You could be the least patriotic person, but the sight of country brethren sweating and grunting and paining their way to victory has to tug even at your taut heartstrings.

And so I found myself swelling with pride at being Indian for the first time in a while as I watched Chak De!India, the film about a female field hockey team’s journey to the World Cup. It was a much-needed moment, coming after nine months to the day of my arrival from the US and at a time I’m awash with doubt over whether this nation will really envelope all in this tide of prosperity.

For a change, escapist Bollywood offers an answer, albeit a slim-chanced one, a place where such a playing field can be level and accessible—and that is the field itself. For women in India, especially, who might have been born into households where their arrivals were not cheered, athletics represents more than a pastime but a way out and up. That has been the case for the last three decades or so, but the regions from which these women hail are becoming increasingly far-flung —with a notably high number coming from the North-East.

Grateful for this point’s subtle inclusion in Chak De!India, my favourite scene begins with two males whistling at two young women, one from Manipur, the other from Mizoram, at a McDonald’s. Common enough, especially in New Delhi. But what ensues is rare: a rough-and-tumble battle of the sexes ending with the allegedly weaker side victorious. A team is built, not just united against injustices from men, but also in sticking up for each other.

This legitimacy and recognition is craved by young athletes from the so-called backward areas, perhaps as much as fame and fortune. Consider another scene where the north-eastern duo arrives at the training camp only to be greeted by a registration official as “guests”. The athletes sarcastically thank him for welcoming them to their own country.

To make sure real life imitated the reel, I turned to Manipur native and award-winning boxer Mangte Chungneijang Merykom, now known as Mary Kom, to understand the desperation and determination that defines athletes in the region.

In 2002, she won the gold medal for India at the Women’s World Boxing Championship and went on to receive the Arjuna Award in 2004. I got a sense of her before we even began speaking; her mobile’s ring tone is Billy Joel’s She’s Always a Woman to Me, with lyrics like “She can take you or leave you …she takes care of herself… she’s ahead of her time … She can do as she pleases, she’s nobody’s fool.”

Speaking from Imphal in halting English, she told me her father had been a rice farmer, her mother a housewife. “Many players in the North-East, we come from poor families. That’s why we can do hard work,” she says. “Now it’s really different. I’ve gotten many awards.”
Her success is remarkable in spite of her background, yet also because of it. She says she used to save up money to buy gloves and looked up to boxing great Muhammad Ali. “From different part of India, states like UP and Delhi, when we come out of the North-East, some people think we are like foreigners,” she says. “Representing India is a big success for me.”

Her husband, a footballer himself, notes the irony of women from the North-East excelling in areas such as judo, weightlifting, boxing, even as lawlessness marks their home villages. He said many hope to land jobs by playing sports for corporate or public sector teams. “Young generations don’t have a chance to get employment in our own states,” said K. Onler.

In the 1960s and 1970s, Punjabi women took up sports as a way of uplifting themselves, says Kamaljit Sandhu Kooner, the first Indian woman to win gold in the 1970 Asian Games. Then, after 1975, South Indian women began making a mark. Now, it is the North-East’s turn.

“Competitive sports today is all about pain,” said Sandhu Kooner, who serves as the director at the National Institute of Sports in Patiala. “They are naturally suited because of the lives they have led. The greatest motivations are monetary effects and social acceptance. Suddenly, overnight, you become a great hero.”

Indeed, the recent heroes in patriotic films have fought enemies outside India, from Britain to Pakistan. Chak De!India cleverly suggests the real dividing force lurks within—and luckily can be conquered. Its appeal and message matters more than ever, especially as the fabric of this nation frays and rips into the countless Indias of clichĂ©: rich and poor, urban and rural, Hindu and Muslim, on and on.

So it has come to be that young women from the new areas that make not even a mention in our national anthem—Jharkand, Manipur, Mizoram and many more—are the ones who embody its meaning strongest as they take to the field.


Cultural shift

- Why people look at me? -

By: Joy Shaikhom *

“The first human who hurled an insult instead of a stone was the founder of civilization."

-- Sigmund Freud

A beautiful lady with full of fabric, mehendi in hand, payal in ankle wrist, with a yellow saree, looks so gorgeous. The facial expression shows that she is near to us, near to you and near to me. I talk to her, we chat then I come to know that she is in the city for the last two years.

Throughout her ages she is brought up in a beautiful state, my Manipur. Its just two years that she stay out of state. Her lovely tongue curl while speaking our own langauge.

I asked “Do you wear fanek sometime”, she replied “I haven’t worn since my childhood”. My goodness, I was surprised. Really! You don’t wear, then my stupidity annoyed her.

Our conversation goes as we move...sometime people says I put question mark on my forehead as I usually asked too many question. I am talkative like a girl, she told me, but I suddenly reply, “Karigino nasa nathanta hanthana yengjaridi, nupi malligana hairidubo, nupi oiba tallbaro, nangdi angang oirina khongjeega si”

Our next conversation is about thabal and jagoi which I love so much, here I got a sudden shock, a Manipuri lady don’t know thabal and jagoi. She even said she haven’t seen any thabal or jagoi.

I was surprised and suddenly clear my doubt by asking are you meitei, where is your birth place?. After hearing and knowing her profile, it hurts ny heart. My lady is born in Manipur and she did her graduation from Manipur University and she belongs to Meitei community.

Within the span of 4 to 5 years I have seen 4 -5 articles talking about NE people mostly girls in leading news paper. What does this mean? There must be something wrong with what we do.

A simple example, while I was doing management studies, my colleague said people have wrong perception against the "chinky look" mostly NE girl. They put themselves in a cheap status. Its not only about girl, even many of us are not put ourselves in proper manner, it seems to other mentality that we don’t dress and eat in proper manner.

I know its one’s life but we must also think that we are all social being and have to exist in societies within the environment. Change is the only constant, change will be there.

There is saying for every culture, female play a leading role, they are the mirror of our culture, the darkness or brightness of our culture depends on them. If people talks about them so much or if leading news paper wrote about them, there must be something wrong with what we do.

One more incident I would like to narrate, I could not remember the exact date and time of that particular incident. I was going to theatre for "Don", with my juinior, all from Manipur.

We were standing in front of the theatre before the film starts, suddenly I show a young lady of 24-25 ages with blue T-shirt and tight jean, getting down from a white maruti, with 4 other non Manipuri guys. She is the only lady in that troop. Every one in the gate turns eyes on her. Do you think people look because of her beauty .

This is a big “?”. As we are standing nearby to gate, after sometime everyone started looking on us again, I don’t know why people look on us, but very soon I know why other people look on us, its because that young lady is similar to our looks, I know she is from Manipur and she is Manipuri lady.

I feel sorry not because she is with 4 non Manipuri guys, it’s because how other people look on us. We are in the theatre gate before she came, but no body look us with any wrong perception, only after her arrival, people started their big eyes on us.

There will be lots of happening if we really observed. Sometime you will surprise to hear that..”Eikhoi class ta eikhoi meitei nupi manga khak yaowe, eikhoi masen amata kounede”. Good to hear such a wonderful dialogue.

It’s very useful for my simple article. They usually go to temple, for what reason I don’t know but one thing is for sure that they wear saree, lots of bangles, beautiful mehendi and payal. But many of them if you see in Manipur, they hardly go for prayer, forget this you wont see even this girl doing morning prayer which we can be proud of.

If you talk so much about this they will say you are narrow minded, they will asked us to know the world, people are changing. They will even said " don't be in Stone Age". Let us change in better ways, let our behaviors may not contaminate our beautiful culture. Lets not make people look on us because of you.

Sometimes people say boys are boys, girls are girls, men are man, but this is also wrong perception. Many men in the societies are in the mindset that females should do households work.

Forget this perception, they are equally competitive with us (men), they are already overtaking in every field and we must respect them. Why only female to take care of house work? Is the caring of child is just her responsibility; no we are equally part of this.

If I am not wrong, many of us acts with so much freedom as we move out of the home. Take the ratio of student going out of the state for studies and take the return on investment on this product. We will see that less then 10% of the students come back with proper return, other are just wasting their way of living, the new culture they adopted.

My article is not meant to hurt anyone; it’s just the situations that I would like to narrate which I came across. If it hurts someone, I would apologize in advance, but lets face the reality also.

"We are born princes and the civilizing process makes us frogs" - Syrus

"We should distrust any enterprise that requires new clothes" - Henry David Thoreau, Walden.

* Joy Shaikhom, an HR Professional, contributes to regularly. The writer can be contacted at j_shaikhom(at)rediffmail(dot)com . This article was webcasted on August 24th, 2007.


Image of Manipur

By : B. A. Sharma

Though, by look Manipur is the land where no one can detect the real confluence of the internal turmoil. Perplexity of the atmosphere in Imphal Valley shall nowhere prevailed. Everyone is behind money. Everyone is behind the cause of survival. As if, competition is always imbibed in the blood of Meiteis community, since inception. Either in sports, in the schooling, in the colleged, in theatres, in cinema making, and even on living status also; every one is on run with competition.

Unaccountable social formalities, Social affinities and lots of social obligations wrapped the Meiteis Community. The highest expenditure scale of a personal effect in the world Meitei would be No. one. Money is so frequently rotated in Manipur. Therefore, the Meitei Sanatanas are very famous for the social looks, for their rites and the formalities into divine dispositions. This would also be the reason that Meitheis are so sensitive, soft hearted but very robust physique ordained. Meiteis are normally individualist; atherefore, in sports Meiteis are very successful, especially in athaletics and individual events. This would also perhaps the reason for fragmenting the organization into small segments. As a result the rebellions have been broken into pieces, and therefore, the cause of the rebellions and ideology of the commands have been bifurcated; besides divide and rule policy seeded in the state, so that ignorants are facing their theory of rebellion is in dilemma. In the middle the policy of the central Government is playing the role of breaking the nerves of the people of Manipur. In spite of pacifying the dispute by rejecting the baseless projects for greater Nagaland Govt. of India has brought NSCN (IM) for negotiation. Recognition has given to NSCN (IM) neglecting the Manipuri rebellions like UNLF, PLA. KYKL etc. as oarganizations against the mainstream of the administration. Govt. of India is always guarding the antinationalist; Govt. of India is guiding to break the territorial integrity of Manipur, Assam and Aruncachal Pradesh under a negotiation talk with NSCN (IM).

In is also astonished that a north East-Forum has been formed under the supreme command of Sri P.A. Sangma, the then speaker of the Parliament. But the body has not stated against the will to negotiate with NSCN (IM) and Govt. of India till today. When the Kangla episode was a burning issue for the nation; neither the leader have given expressed their dissatisfactions, for the entry of the negotiation and nor against the AFSPA.

Neither of the ruling nor the oppositions leaders were ready to initiate against the illfortunate act of the Govt. of India. There in also the Chief Minister and the Council of Minister of Manipur were shown their inactive design of the administration. They could not make any decision in favoaur of the mass movements. All the legislators were behind the chairs which were found tossing. At that time they were worshipping unto O. Ibobi (the Goat of sacrifice). Shri Ibobi again was in perplexed upon the situation. He has no idea to trace to solve the problem. He flat away to Delhi to seek help from the Centre. In like manner, Manipur is suffering for long back without proper administration in the state.

The image of Manipur is so awkwardly from out of the state. As a person in a car could see the limited volume of the inside car; indeed, the person get down from the car and see from a far distance could viewed the full volume of the car. The same thing is happening in Manipur. We could not see, could not feeled the atmosphere of Manipur. Because, we have been adopted in the society, we have been acclimatized in the society.

Other wise, every act of Manipur and her administration could have been noticed. But how to make the situation cozy is the problem. However, it very easy if the administration is ready to handle it. Say, if an intelligent person has been engaged to observe something, which upon the object is very thickly ordained by corruption. First of all the observer will feel the object is dirty, the atmosphere is very dirty. Again, the person tried to feel the surrounding of the object. He/she tried to establish a clear observation for the object engaged for. In search of clear tuning up of the job dealth for he himself later compelled to submerge into the dirty atmosphere. He acclimatized into the atmosphere wherein he tried to see an object. Thus, he could not differentiate himself from the object as he was travelling in the dirt. At the last stage he could not make out what is his real objective. Because, he himself was taking the same adulterated food. His blood also circulated with the polluted intras. His mind could not divert from the atmosphere. At the last stage he was found a fast swimmer into the dirty pond of corruption.

In like manner, Manipuri could not make out the mistakes committing by themselves Manipuris who traveled away from the state they saw the clear picture of Manipur. But when he returned at home he curse the atmosphere of Manipur, in turn he could not do anything but to merge into the filthy air, polluted water and polluted thoughts of the state administration. This is reality.

If we honestly wanted to have a change the impure bloods we should change the lot, the lot of administration, also should mix the open viewed intelligentia and make evolution of thinking to escape the climax of the situation. That would be a revolution . But, the theory and practices of revolutionary scenarios prevailing in Manipur today is nothing but the lack of administration. Due to insecure educational expectations and fair of insecure life lines the youths of the state have choosen to fight against the state administration; misconceived, misled themselves due to bad administrations.

If the administration is fair, sincere, clear and deserve there is no question of jangling with the lives of the people of the state.

Imphal Free Press

The Bravehearts of IGAR(s)

By Donn Morgan Kipgen

When a person who serves the interest of national security with blood, guts and honour, such soldier’s achievement has to be portrayed in full colours. Not to show them brave hearts of the nation’s armed forces in honourable manner is a cardinal sin. It’s like robbing the glorious names of gallant and meritorious officers and ranks.

Whereas the Army’s PRO, PIB/DW, flatly refused to give even a photo-copy of the Indian Army’s List of Honour, on national security ground, which was given to all national daily newspapers and news magazine and, of course, printed to the fullest in army’s journal recently, the IGAR(S) HQ and MPHQ distributed the names, ranks and units of all meritorious and gallantry awards winners on 14th August, 2007.

A military research scholar has official security clearance and can evoke the Right to Information Act. The abstract lesson being: ‘Don’t say anything which is not fully correct to a person without knowing who he/she really is, apart from what you think who he/she is. Reality bites, with real metal teeth having deadly venom in Manipur.

Since there are no room for ethnic, caste and class system in the Army/AR ranks and files nor any socio-political discrimination, the IGAR(S) once again netted as many as 61 awards, commendation cards, medals etc in exulted List of Honour on Independence Day, 2007. This astounding record of highest number of awards, citations and medals received by officers and ranks of a single unit in Indian armed forces, Maj Gen BK Chengappa’s IGAR(s) must be the proudest military formation in the length and breath of India. Though, like his young State police counterpart, i.e Shri Paotinmang Doungel IPS, IG (Home), Gen Chengappa did not receive the coveted PP Meritorious Award as expected but good actions speak louder than words.

Whereas Pu P Doungel IPS is one of the youngest IGPs in India with clean service records, Gen Chengappa (14th Garhwal Rifles Regt) got himself into the Indian Army through CDS Exams, not NDA, in 1970 and tasted battle-glory in the 1971 Indo-Pak war. His professional career is quite remarkable since CDS boys usually served as Short Service Commission, some retired at the rank of Major or Lt. Colonel and very few rose upto the rank of full Colonel and fewer still retired as Brigadiers. Hence, an excellent achievement to have reached a General officer’s rank. He and his (previous) hard charging diplomatical GSO, i.e Col. Thimayya (5th Mechanised Inf, formerly the 13th Kumaon) and Col. Adappa, CO, 34th AR, Thoubal area, are all from Coorg, Karnataka, and all of them studied in the same school at one time or other, under the Headmastership of one Mr Chengappa the senior. A proud guardian he would be.

The Army/AR authorities have absolutely no problem to find out genuine bravehearts, irrespective of caste or creed. The much coveted President’s Police Medal for Gallantry went to: (1) Hav Hyamlal (Hiemlal Kuki?) of 34th AR, 9th Sector and (2) Sub BS Lushei of the 3rd AR 27th Sector. The President’s Police Medal for Meritorious Service were awarded to four JCOs, 9th sector HQ: Subs RM Gurung, 11th AR; BB Khati, 16th AR; TD Barman, 16th AR and BB Rana, 34th AR. The army’s 2nd highest peacetime gallantry award, the Sena Medal, was bagged by Maj Sanjoy Kapoor, 18th AR and Maj Amit Rana, 3rd AR.

The Chief of Army Staff Commendation Card (COAS-CC) went to: Lt Col. Paramjot Singh, IGAR(S) HQ; Capt. D Bhan, 19th AR; Capt M Gautam, 13th AR; Rn RJ Sharma; 19th AR; Col. Rajiv Kanwar, Majs J Kumar and A. Kumar, all from 7th AR. The Army’s 10th J&K Light Inf operating under 26th Sector HQ, received 3 COAS-CC, viz, Maj AK Narayanan, Maj S Kumar and Corp Md Razaq. With Maj V Gurung, 7th AR bagging the GOC-in-C, Eastern Command Commodation Card (GOC-in-C, ECCC), the 7th AR would have made a remarkable clean-sweep, had not a senior Minister and a petulant company commander made a highly controversial Politico-Military ‘interaction’ at Sagang, Bishenpur Dist, recently. That’s the standard example of military Code of Honour and Discipline, if indeed an ‘action’ had been taken as it seemed. A young captain of 7th AR’s Kumbi post also missed out a golden chance for refusing to meet a retired Army commander, a Lt Col H Bhubon, despite clear instruction from his CO, 7th AR.

The GOC-in-C, EC commendation card was received by the IGAR(S) HQ’s Maj Atul Watts (Gorkha Rifles?). Perhaps, the jolly good Maj Watts has quick answers to the ESPN’s ‘US Spelling Bees’ competition! Whereas Maj N Sibla and two other ranks of the 19th AR received the GOC-in-C, ECC, Capt JS Yadav and 6 other rank of the Army’s 10th J&K LI, Maj AK Sharma and Rfn Y Okendro Singh of the 18th AR are other recipients.

The prestigious Governor of Meghalaya (DGAR HQ) Gold Medal was given to 8 JCO/NCOs, 3 Rfn, 1 officer and a Sr Acct of IGAR(S), Shri JC Bhattacharjee.

The GOM Silver Medals were awarded to 2 Asst Comdts ARMO, Dr S Ranjan Chongtham, 44th AR, and Dr Mrs Moichi Saka, 1st AR, an MS Sister Annama Alex, 1st AR, 2 officers, 5 JCO/NCOs and 7 Jawans (3 of which are from IGAR(S) HQ).

The adventurous 32nd AR, whose A-Coy worked along with the IE police commandos and the army’s 22nd Maratha Light Inf (MLI) whose company post at Tulihal under ‘the arrogant’ Maj Javed Ali Khan, working with IW Police commandos, understandably did not receive even a single award or medal despite their prolific records.

The controversial 14th AR and much-feared 21st AR also missed out but no citizen, especially in the Sadar Hills, needs an answer for this poetic justice.

All those who missed the braveheart-party should take comfort in inspirational poem written in a 30 minutes - period by yours sincerely. Let’s call it: ‘The Song of Zion Kibbutz’. (The rhyme being 2 ABBA, 1 AABB of 10 and 12 syllables respectively)

Song of Zion Kibbutz

“ Where’er noble deeds or honours are Wrought,
When’er glorious battles and wars are won
And the highest degree of courage shown
Ribbons must be pinned for bloody battles Fought.
“When combat strikes and sights are near full done,
Inscript a well-measured pages of exploits
Earned with bloods and wits by truest patriots
Ev’n after a year’s time period is run”.
Though bounded tasks portrayed them as sinners,
Their sacrifice honoured them as winners.
Ye, be a part of nation’s pride, hearts and valour.
That’s what we could do for our country a favour”

— DM Kipgen.

Source: The Sangai Express

Friday, August 24, 2007

In Remembrance

Late T. Khamzahau Zou
s/o Late Rev. T. Kamzakhup Zou

Photo Sharing and Video Hosting at Photobucket

T. Zamlunmang Zou and Family
Click on the picture and see his epitaph

Can Unhappy Parents Raise Happy Children?

Varsha Pathak

Happiness is a habit that should be cultivated. But if you are a deeply unhappy parent can you cultivate this habit in your child?

A while ago the Mumbai police rescued a twelve-year boy who had run away from his home in Gujarat and was wandering on the Dadar railway station. In most runaway cases poverty, abusive parents and dreams of stardom play a role.

But this was a boy from an educated, upper middle class family. Being the only child of his parents, he was given more than any average child. A good school, swimming lessons, a room with a computer, lots of clothes and shoes. And apparently he was not star struck.

So why did he run away from home?

What the boy told the police was not something they were used to hearing - but perhaps something that we are all familiar with in some little way or the other.

According to the boy, his parents fought all the time. The common strain that ran through the fighting was that the father was in the marriage only for his son. The mother too frequently wished he had never been born so she could be free.

Fed up of hearing this, the boy one day decided to run away from the house and set his parents free. But he was an innocent child from a sheltered home life who didn't know what to do after getting down at a railway station in Mumbai. Fortunately the police caught hold of him, before some unsavoury elements did.

We don't know how the boy told his story but this is the gist let out by the cops. They called the parents, gave them the usual tongue thrashing and sent the child back home.

We are also unaware about what happened later in that family. Did they live happily ever after - together or separate?

Opinion on hearing this story was divided.

Some people said that parents even if they are not happy with each other should not expose the child to unpleasant scenes.

Others said that a child would be better off if his continuously warring parents separate and then stay single or remarry.

And then there are some grown up children who say that they should not be used as an excuse for their parent's decisions.

What do the children say?

Innumerable surveys and studies are conducted amongst the children of broken homes. Most people believe that innocent children are the victims in divorce cases. Parental separation leaves lifelong scars on the child's psyche. Moral of these studies is: Stay together for the children's sake.

But what about the family where the couple stays married but leads separate, mutually unsatisfactory lives? Is there any study showing the effect of such surroundings on the child's mind? Can unhappy parents give a normal, happy life to their children? Some people claim that they don't fight in front of their children, but in such cases, do they really believe that the children are unaware of the truth?

And in case the parents think that they are doing the right, rather noble thing by sacrificing their own happiness for the sake of their children. Hear these words from a middle-aged woman of two grown up children, "when I tell my children how many sacrifices I made for them including putting up with their father's infidelity, they call me a fool. My son has already left the house to work abroad and my daughter will be joining him soon. My husband's behaviour is going from bad to worse. I don't know what I will do after my daughter leaves the house.

Sometimes I wonder whether life would have been better if we had separated. My children openly say that I should have left my philandering husband long back, and can still do it. I feel worse when my daughter says that after seeing my life, she would think twice before entering into matrimony..."

There is another man echoing almost the same sentiments. "We pull on with bad marriages thinking that the children shouldn't suffer. But then one day they go away and we are left wondering why we did, what we did. By leading a sad life ourselves, did we really give a good life to the child? And at what cost?"

Children are expected to appreciate such parental efforts. Fine. Any child would like to see his/her parents together. But when they grow up a little and start understanding the situation, don't they feel guilty hearing that they were the sole reason for their parent's unhappy but long lasting partnership? After all they didn't force them together, in the same way they didn't ask to be born either.

It is also widely believed, truly or falsely that children of divorced parents are more likely to divorce their own spouses. If this is true, then we should also believe that children of silently suffering parents too would have the same fate. They too would compromise and accept unhappy marriages and blame their children and so on. How do you like this scenario?

And then there are children whose parents divorced and remarried. Are they all unhappy?

What is your opinion?

Should parents stay together only for their children's sake? Are all children coming from divorced home doomed to have unhappy lives? Is it better to give your child two divorced but happy parents or a set of married, unhappy parents?


50 Reasons Why Young Women Should Date Older Men

By Ed Attanasio

Some call it the “Sugar Daddy Syndrome.” Others call it the “Father was never around” complex. A lot of people have no problem with it, while many find it sick and perverted. Regardless of your own personal views, young women dating older men is a worldwide phenomenon that is gaining popularity and acceptance at an alarming rate.

Why do young women like older men? What attracts 20-something females to 40, 50, even 60-something males? You could spend several hundred hours with a series of shrinks in an attempt to sort through the plethora of possible answers. The only problem with that is that most psychiatrists are expensive and love the term “billable hours.” It would cost thousands of dollars to find out the truth.

After talking with both sexes at great length, I have come to the conclusion that young women like older men because the relationship comes with benefits - lots of them. Face it — we are a very simple race. We look at dating the same way we look at a financial balance sheet.

What will I get out of it? Is it a good deal for me? How can I leverage this? These are just some of the questions we constantly ask ourselves when we’re in any relationship, whether we’re aware of it or not.

Here is a list that we’re calling the Top 50 Reasons Why Young Women Should Date Older Men. If you’re a young attractive lady considering a guy twice your age, this list might give you the 50 reasons you need to persuade yourself into making a move to the geriatric side. Here it goes:

1. He knows a lot of useless stuff and makes a great partner in games like Scrabble, Trivial Pursuit and Balderdash.

2. He’s well-read. He can explain a book’s plot and storyline to you quickly and succinctly, thereby saving you the time it would take to actually read the book. It’s like having your own personal set of Cliff Notes.

3. This gives you more free time to spend his money at malls, outlet stores, and online.

4. He knows a lot about music. He can name the band that Paul McCartney played with prior to Wings.

5. You can borrow his Grecian Formula to patch any bleached sun spots in your hair.

6. The big bedroom and/or guest rooms in his house means no rent for you and eventually your friends/relatives can move in too.

7. He’ll provide better, more intelligent and engrossing conversations. (How long can you talk about trucks, extreme sports and partying anyway?)

8. If you sprain your ankle, you can use his cane.

9. He qualifies for early bird senior discounts at restaurants.

10. He’ll actually dance with you at night clubs. He’ll be the hit of the party when he pulls out his “Funky Chicken.”

11. He’ll open doors and pull out chairs for you.

12. If he gets too chatty, you can hide his teeth.

13. Qualifies for AARP membership privileges.

14. You can throw away all of your coupons for McDonalds, Der Wienerschnitzel and Panda Express since you have no use for them. Start to brush up on your dining etiquettes and prepare yourself for eating at restaurants such as Houston’s, P.F. Chang, and Morton’s.

15. He’ll give you flowers, candy and best of all - cold, hard cash!

16. He’s into holding hands and other Public Displays of Affection (PDA’s) as opposed to today’s “no contact” rules associated with dating in 2007.

17. You won’t need to pay for AAA roadside service because he’ll pick you up whenever your car breaks down.

18. He’ll effectively replace your dad for when pops isn’t around. (Celebrate Father’s Day twice!)

19. Will treat 100% of the time. (Young guys don’t have cash, credit cards, or in many cases, wallets.)

20. No random late-night booty calls, because he goes to bed at 9 pm every night.

21. He won’t try to change you.

22. He can help you with your homework.

23. He’s very experienced in bed. If you like it or want to try it, he’s been there, done that! (And more than once.)

24. He won’t pretend to listen to you just so he can get in your pants.

25. Kiss goodbyes to Motel 6, Budget Inn, and Super 8 when you travel. Say hello to the Hyatt, the Hilton, and the Westin.

26. He has a future, even though it might be a limited one.

27. You’ll never have to pay for car maintenance. A lifetime of free tune-ups, oil changes, tire rotations and windshield wiper replacements awaits you.

28. Dating him will shock your folks. They may even throw lots of money at you to stop dating him.

29. He has some serious pension/social security money coming to him down the line.

30. He’s not sleeping on mommy’s couch or living with his parents.

31. You don’t have to worry about him looking at other women. (His vision is probably so shot he can’t see them).

32. He’s articulate and knows multi-syllabic words. (Improve your vocabulary).

33. Sex with caring.

34. He dresses better. Won’t show up in his one pair of ratty jeans all the time. Means you can get into nice restaurants/clubs.

35. He doesn’t have any drug baggage. He may have smoked pot in the ’60’s and ’70’s; or did coke in the ’80’s and ’90’s, but chances are he’s clean now. (Otherwise he’d probably be dead.)

36. He’s entitled to all kind of discounts including senior bus fares and matinee discounts. This means more cash left over for you.

37. He’ll wait at least one month before he expects it.

38. You won’t have to worry about getting pregnant. His sperm cells are so old, they’re swimming backstroke (Warning: Always wear protection.)

39. He’s an attentive lover and won’t forget your name or order pizza immediately after he has an orgasm.

40. He won’t argue with you over little, meaningless things. (He’s basically numb.)

41. He won’t ask you a bunch of personal, prying questions, like “What’s your name?”

42. He won’t run away. At least not very far. Or very fast.

43. You can talk politics with him, something you can’t do with younger men. (He knows that Colin Powell isn’t a medical condition.)

44. He’ll memorize your phone number, which comes in handy if you get too drunk and forget it.

45. He’ll turn you on to old-school chick flicks like The Graduate, Love Story and Breakfast at Tiffany’s.

46. He has a nice car. Park your Hyundai and start driving his Infiniti, Porsche, Lexus, Mercedes or BMW.

47. He’ll take you on incredible vacations, unlike young guys. No more Vegas, Palm Springs and Tijuana during Spring Break. Say hello to cruises to Europe and Australia, ski trips to Aspen and Telluride and African safaris.

48. He won’t be jealous of your vibrator. He’s realistic!

49. He won’t be text messaging you all the time. He doesn’t know how!

50. When he dies, you can date his cute son(s)!

About the author: Ed is a 48-year old former standup comic, freelance writer/journalist who likes to blow bubbles and kiss his dogs. Some people have serious problems with that, but does he care? He enjoys his life living in San Francisco and appreciates what he has — a fabulous fiancĂ©e, two great mutts, a dedicated shrink and really good prescription medication.


Blogs @10

Do you dig link love, hate blogasms, tag memes and can't stand to ignore a ping? If you don't know what on earth this is all about, it's probably time to take your first tentative steps into the blogosphere. As blogs turn 10 this year — typically of the medium, no one can agree on the exact date — the tribe of those who put fingers to the keyboard and their thoughts to the "homepages of the 21st century" is growing every day. Blog-tracker Technorati counted 93.8 million bloggers worldwide in July 2007 as compared to 100,000 in March 2003. In India, blogging is the most popular internet activity after emailing and the number of bloggers runs into lakhs though no exact count is available.

Call it narcissistic drivel churned out by those who think the minutiae of their lives is worthy of a global audience or the pretentious rantings of wannabe authors looking for that elusive book deal, but there's no denying the fact that blogs are changing the way we date, work, teach and live. A majority of blogs are online diaries — for the kind of stuff not good enough for print, but too good to waste on after-dinner conversation or, worse, mere thinking.

Sometimes, the thoughts run out and sometimes, the time. But amid the army of irregulars, the diehard blogophiles can't stop posting.

Meet Madmomma, a Delhi-based mother of two who started her parenting blog a year ago. "Partly out of boredom," she says. "I started writing on a blog because I thought these are the kind of thoughts no one would pay me for." Now, she posts daily — on everything from potty training to playschools. "It's amazing to see how complete strangers get involved, asking about my husband's job hunt and my daughter's skin problems," says the 28-year-old, who is just one of the many moms in the country who's taken to blogging. Even her daughter's haircut turned into an online poll, with the majority vetoing the idea. "They thought she looked cute as she was, so I dropped the haircut," says the anonymous MM, whose MOMoblogue has received over two lakh visitors.

It's the comments that give blogs a life of their own — pouring in from smart, dumb, creative, sadistic strangers who show up on the blog to be rude, flirt, veer off topic or simply to connect. The latter's probably the reason why everyone from Indian CEOs to Bollywood celebs is blogging. From making the first public announcement of a new film to private confessions of kicking the butt, Aamir Khan makes sure he keeps fans posted. "I read ALL posts personally.

And I personally write all my posts. NO ONE is allowed to write in my place," he declares on

Aamir even invited suggestions for the title of his latest film which got him over a thousand responses. Another regular is filmmaker Anurag Kashyap who discusses shot breakdowns with strangers and vents his frustrations at working within the star and money-driven movie industry.

Be it Bollywood or business, sex or spirituality, there is little that Indian bloggers don't tackle. But how did a trend that was slow to pick up initially in India become a phenomenon that has embraced so many? The opinion's almost unanimous on this one: a government directive that led to the blocking of blogs in July last year proved to be the turning point for the Indian blogosphere. "Till then, awareness was very low. The ban sparked such a furore that many people who didn't have a clue what a blog is found out about it," says Amit Agarwal, a techie who gave up an MNC job in 2004 to become the country's first professional blogger.

Today, the blogging bug has bitten so many that Agarwal, who brings out a directory of the best Indian blogs, gets over five review requests a day. "Though readership of most Indian blogs isn't very high, some of them have extremely good content." But readership is what cyber success is all about and that's where most blogs flounder. "Making money through blogs isn't easy. It takes vision, creativity, commitment and a lot of hard work — more than you would give to a job." Agarwal should know — he makes a living from his technology blog Digital Inspiration, which averages a whopping 1.2 million hits a month. Most of the revenue generated is via online advertising. "I work more than 12 to 14 hours a day, answering queries and reading hundreds of RSS feeds to track what's hot and what might interest people," says this IITian-turned-blogger.

Blogging isn't just about big bucks, it can bring other kinds of success, too. Arun, a 32-year-old who works with a software company in the US, is hoping his blog will be a launch vehicle for the entrepreneurial venture he wants to start back home. "A blog gives you exposure, helps you build a reputation and is a great networking tool," says Arun, whose three-month-old blog has already made it to The Times, London's picks for best business blogs in India.

But success didn't come easy. "A lot of thought and research goes into it," he says. From getting tips from other bloggers, optimising keywords so that the blog comes up in search engines to finding thought-provoking topics of discussion that increase "the pop" (number of hits), Arun's at it almost every spare minute he gets. At the end of the day, the traffic makes it all worth it. "It's such a fabulous way to you're talking to a friend yet you have thousands of people listening in."

Blogging's become the 21st century soliloquy — heartfelt, candid, self-absorbed. It's meant for no one in particular yet the reader hopes the world will read it. And so what if you're writing about what you had for breakfast. If you have a voice, there's a blog for you.


Why Private Schools deliver, Govt. ones fail?

David Vumlallian Zou & ZouWorkshop Netters

India gam a education adin solkar in business bawlte tung ah "education cess" (tax) bihiah in "per cent" bangzat ama la zing hi. Solkar sum i chi (Bro. Lam in agen bang in) atahtah in mipi sum ahi zaw hi. Ei Northeast ah tribal mite'n "income tax" i piah lou vang un, indirect tax michi'n in van i lei chiang in kipe zing hi. Eg. cinema ticket maimai i lei leh, a ticket man kim khat phial solkar tax dia lut ahi.

Tuaziah in i solkar (adiah in politicians leh bureaucrats) i chite tax payer te sum a kitoudel ahi ua, tuaziah in amau public or civil "servant" kichi sese ahi. "Tax payer" te sum a kivah ahiziah un, "accountable" ahi ding uh poimo mama hi. Education toh kisai a solkar sum a zat pen ahi ding ma ahia, hithei leh galvan (defence) lam sang in education lam ah sum tam seng lei minam khantouna in masawn ding hi. Ei Manipur ah singnuaimi te'n development sum apat "per cent" a sonson in "per cent" a la ua, tuaziah in Manipur solkar pen Percentage Raj a kichi hial hi. Alang khat ah business (tunai in phamacy) apat singnuai mite'n extortion nasatah in a pan uhi. Tami apat sum kimu te thauvui-thautang lei na leh amau leh amau kikap na di'n kizang tangpi hi. Khat vei teng minautang kaplupna din zong kizang zelzel hi. Alang khat lam ah politician leh bureaucrat pocket ah zong "tax payer" te sum hunkhop a lut a, tami pen "corruption" kichi hi. Tami dan a mipi sum zatna pen "productive" lou ahiziah in, khantouna hing tun lou hi.

Minam hausatna tahtah sum (paper currency) apat hing kipan hilou in, productivity leh national efficiency apat hing kipan ahi zaw hi. Tualeh Fat Govt. um na mun ah, productivity um thei lou hi. Gendan tuam in gen lei, minister leh bureaucrat a kisam vilvel teng maimai nei ding, excess labour paimang ding ahi. Alangkhat lam ah job creation leh good income miteng in a nei ding poimo leuleu hi. Tami ziah in enterpreneur (job creator) leh private invesment nasatah i gam in kisam hi. Laisiam te adin Finance leh service sector kehlet ngai a, semi-skill tampi te'n Hospitality (eg. restaurant) leh Retail (eg. shopping malls) vel ah sepna amu thei ding uhi. Laithei lou te adin zong mass manufacturing (industry) ah sepna a um ding hi.

Tami bang a "productivity" neina din education a sum tampi seen ngai hi. Aziah pen laitheilou te sang in laisiam "work force" (labour) te productivity nahpi'n sang zaw hi. Adiah in secondary school tan siamna in productivity khang sah hi. Europe gam khangtou te ah zong mitangpi "matriculate" or A level (class XII) ahia, higher education nei mi tam seng lou uhi. Ei India ah, illiterate mihing 350 million val um nalai hi (2001 census). Tami teng in Class X tam maimai sim hi uleh, India gam a productivity nasatah in khan belap ding a, income sang leh inflation niam kinei thei ding hi.

Tualeh 2001 census apat kimu dan in Manipur a Zou tribe literacy rate (61%) pen Indian average sang in niam zaw a, Zou female literacy ahileh 53% maimai ahi. Tami din mun ah mi tam zaw in singtang lou (jhum) ahaw ngai mai a, productivity niam mama hi. Lai thei loute'n idea tha pom hamsa sa tangpi uhi. Horticulture, floriculture, bee-keeping, animal husbandry, plantation farm, etc. chite kivahna tham abawlna dia "bank loan" ban ah, vocational training kisam a, tami di'n aniam pen in "matriculate" bang hing poimo hi.

Zou sung female literacy 53% (Census of India 2001) pen kiletsah huai lou hi. I numei te akim khat phial "illiterate" china ahi. Zou pasal literacy ahileh 70% tung sam a, adandan a um hi. Hinaleh "gender gap" lianpi a um a, tami bang law ding adiai chi ngaisun tham ahi. Khansawn ah miteng "mitriculate" hisih nanleh, Zou minautang pumpi "literate" suah sah thei din lamet huai hi. I minam, khotang leh hattuam lamkai te'n a ngaikhoh uleh hithei ding hi.

Tualeh solkar kung ah zong LP or JB school tha tang in "education voucher" (scholarship) bawl dia ngetna bawl thei ahi. Innsung hamsa BPL apat naupang te'n "education voucher" nei uleh private school hoi tah in kitoudel zou ding uhi. Tualeh Adult Literacy pen i Sunde Sekul te'n sai uleh kum 1 sung maimai un zong Zou tribe literacy pen Indian average (65%) tan beh tung sah zou ding uhi. Hinanleh ngai poimo dan zil ahia, koima kipau phut thei hilou hi.

Unau Pate leh Hmar te literacy rate ahileh 79% tuahtuah ahi ua, Zou sung toh tekah in literacy gap hunkhop um nalai hi. Hinanelh i ngai khoh tahtah leh, tami gap pen kum 5 sung a zong siamdih thei ding lamet huai hi.

David Zou

Thangboi Zou, Shillong Writes....

Igam educational problem pen ‘grave’ mama khat in muthei hi. Govt of India in sum a cror lam in pump lutlut a, hinanleh ‘few pockets’ ah lut bei jel hi. Naupang kum 14 nuailam free education ding chi hinanleh it is far from truth ahi. Piching school (jann school) kichite zong khat beh aloching a um sih hi. SSA achite uh zong tunitan in aki implement lam kamunai sih, lah kazah khaahna asawt tata toh. Silteng paper work khat adeh o chibang kageel hi. CCpur bang I et leh pvt skul dim siang ta hi, govt. aten bangma quality education apieh thei ta lou jiah in. Et veng veng leh education Reforms chidan deu khat poimaw mama ta hi.

Igam ah private skul atam pen ahoi a hinanleh tu abah jom jel leh adei huoipen leh ahoipen hikhollou hi. Kachi nasontah khu migenthei te context ahi. Private skul te hi ithei tah bang in fees, etc mantam thei mama a, mipi atam zote kikai zoulou hi. Tua jieh ma in atawp/drop out kidim hi. A logic khu sumnei ten siamna zil thei giap suah ta hi. Anei jou loute/ajawngte pen jawn banah motden ding a laitan kibang mai hi. Tam khu govt skul kisu'h lou jiah ahi mai hi. Agenbe dingdan zong ahasa hi. Mi saang tampi govt skul nasan ah zong kikai zou nai lou hi.

I Mission skul te uh zong hing labang shi lah bang ngen phiel chithei hi. Khosung khat a missn skul ah oja 1 kheel kipe ngai lou a, hinlah, pawl nursery apat class 4/5 tanbang kikoi ut jel hi. Oja khat in naupang siseen nursery apat clas 5 tan hil ding chipen silbailam hiteuh lou hi. Upai umlou jiah in bawl melmel sam ua hinanleh ‘aminpu’ mai mai suah a quality aniam dipen thei sa himai. Alaw uh tawm toh koima zong kithalop tah a hil zong umlou nalai. Nidanglai khang deu in govt skul apat officer tampi kisep khia thou a, nanleh tukhang in no way ahimai hi. Tua 99% officer teng tukhang in pvt. skul a kipan hidin gintat a um hi. Tambang ahi chieng in khang 10/50 pei nanleh govt. high skul te hoikia nading ngai tua hasa pi asuah ta hi. Ajieh tendency to corrupt bei ngai lou ding hi. It's everything like system failure. Lampi umsun leh umlel pen pvt. Skul ahi mai hi tahi. Hinanleh thei khiet kia ding khat khu pvt skul fees tam thei taluo a mi tampi kai zou lou chi hi jel. Tuabanah profit motive ahinatoh lawh lou nading a bawl um lou jiah in, teacher te salary tawm mama jel hi.Nagen bang in If we can spend the money directly on students as scholarship or educational voucher, it would be fantastic. BUt I dont know how far it would be feasible and practicable provided little idea and information about it.

Govt a pen a system hoilou zong ava hi pumping sih a, aki jui lou jiah ahi pen mai hi. Teacher te zong well trained pipi ngen ahi uhi, hinanleh, seplou a sum muna ahi tangpi jiah in koima serious taha seem ut um lou hi. Alamdang khat ahileh masang deu a Manipur ah ‘schoolless teacher’ kilah ding achi ua, ‘school less’ ahileh teacher banga ding ata diai, skul a umlou leh teacher um bang ngai adiai kachi hi. Employment problem zieh in mitampiin tua skulless ading in sum tampi seng in kilei nalai seet hi, alei jouloute chu amulou ahimai hi. Athupi pen ahileh seplou a neeh ding chi ahipen mai hi. Morality ground a et in seplou a summu agaa hoidin zong tahsang ahuai tuan sih.

Tuamai hilou in singtanglam a oja posting umkhate bang atam jawte Lamka khopi ah um ua, asepna mun ua koi pang ata diai vang thei zou huoi sih, hausa te role pen tami mun ah lianmama jel hi. Hausapu toh akithu tuah nahleh vakai zong ngai lou himai dan hileh kilom hi.

Bangteng hileh adaa huoi khat ahi mai a, measures ding gen zong sil hahsa pi in kakoi a “saying is easier than done” chidan deu sim ngen ahi khah di ka jau hi. Genthei um sun ahi leh education toh kisai a “structural change and revolution (reform)” khat centre govt. apat poimo mong2 ta hi.

Xevier Nengkhanlam Responded....

Mipi sum le paai (Government fund/sum ichi uh) suh thelthang dan atuam tuam um a, Manipur Government Schoolte suh thelthang dan dihchet sih nanleh tambanga i hisap/tuat leh puohnat huoi mama hi:

1.High school khat ah atawmpen oja 20 um bang hileh ahalaw uh atangpi-in Rs.5,000 bang hileh akigawm in20xRs.5000=Rs.100,000(Rupees Lakh khat) suoh hi.

2.Non-teaching staff atawmpen 3 um bang hihenla, halaw Rs.3000 atawmpen law uleh 3xRs.3,000=Rs.9,000(Rupees Nine Thousand) tungpha hi.

3.Maintenance, Miscellaneous etsahna dingin Chalk, duster,register bute,exam paperte leh adang dang ithei phalou honkhat tawh kisai senna atangpi in hakhat in Rs.10,000(Rupees Ten Thousand) atam jaw lam adiai, atawm seng diai mah..beita henlen hileh
High school khat ah akigawm gawm in hateng in mipi sum Rs.100,000+ Rs.9,000+ Rs.10,000= Rs.119,000.00 (Rupees Lakh Khat leh Singkhat leh Sang Sawm le Kua)
tungpha hi.

Sangnaupang um in umsih leh atunga igen sum tampi hateng in kisubei jing china suoh hi. Tualeh akumtawn a bei-in hisaap nalai lei Rs.119,000x12=Rs.1,428,000.00 (Rupees Fourteen Lakhs Twenty Eight Thousand) tungpha hi.

Government sum ichi eite sum ma ahi hi.Manipur, adiah in ei Northeast ah tax (Khasana) detail in pesih nanlei state dangte ah mi'n a income u tawh kituah in
tax pe ngit nget uhi.Eite'n jong state danga te tawh tena in pesih nanlei, niteng poimaw vante ileina tungtawn in tax kipia jing hi.Damdawi Rs.20 man ilei leh tuanah a tax tawh ki hisaap sa ahi manin tuami tax tawh kigawm a Rs.20 ipiah pen idirect a Pharmaceutical company te tungtawna kumpite tax pia kisuah hi.Tuabang ma in chi Kg.khat iva lei,bus khatvei iva tuan, thautui ilei,electric bill ipiah,phone bill ipiah etc` etc niteng vanjat dingte ileina ah tax ut in utsih leh kipia hi.

Tam tax te igam ilei te puona ding, sangnaupangte ading,khosung electric,lampi, leh infrastructure tuam tuamadingin kijang hi. Tua ahi manin tam tax kichite ahi lou leh ei kunga i khantouna dinga kumpi tungtawn a hing kile kia tax ipiahte pen mipi thaman,mipi khosa ul pansa piang,mipi sisan ahi manin manpha mama hi.Kachina in genthei tah a mi nasem a iva kilaw, nikhat Rs.70 ahing piah uh, tuami tawh chi sel khat, chini sel khat,damdawim, meivah tui etc iva leite tungtawn in tax pia ihi manun
tax pen ikhosa ul, isisan chidan ihi.Mipi'n tu a sangin theisiam jaw hilei uthuai mama hi.State dang adiahin South India lang ah athei siam tahluot jiahun ahiding angtah in zang uh a, India ading a etton tham state asuoh mai uhi.

David Lalpi Response....

Thangboi in Manipur sekul system pen "crisis" tung a, "reform" poimo ahi, achi pen nial guallou a dih in ka thei hi:

"Genthei um sun ahi leh education toh kisai a structural change and revolution (reform) khat centre govt. apat poimo mong2 ta hi".

Tua i buaina ahileh a "solution" bang ahiai? chi lam ahi. India a education pen "State list" (state thuneina) ahia, Central Govt. in direct in sai thei lou dan ahi. Education reform i bawl ding leh, Manipur state level a bawl ding dan hileh a kilawm zaw hi. Etsahna din, CCpur a LP leh JB sekul tam zaw District Council te nuai a um ahia, khen khat ZEO (Manipur state) nuai ah um uhi. Tuaziah in sekul system toh kisai a Cental Govt. hing kitahlah dia i lamet leh, Jesu hing kum chiang in zong bangma piang doh lou ding hi.

First we have to identify the problem or "mess" we have created over the decades under the License Raj and then look for "actionable solutions". At present, Education Voucher system is the best model available for Public Private Partnership in school reform. Tami model ahileh idea tha hilou a, tumlam gam khenkhat ah sawtpi na kizang ta hi. Adiah in Sweden ah municipal school te tami Education Voucher model loching tah in kizui hi. Gamdang Chille, Ireland, USA, etc. ah zong tami model kizatna mun tampi um hi. Atangpi in sekul level ah kizang hi.

Ei India ah Karthik Muralidharan in Education Voucher toh kisai study hoitah in ana bawl zou ta hi. A report title ahileh "Public Private Partnership for Quality Education in India" ahi,
Tami Muralidharan ngaidante ei Indian context a kigelh ahiziah in manpha diah hi. Chicago economist leh Nobel laureate Milton Friedman in zong tami toh kisai "Free to Choose" kichi a laibu minthang sung ah kichian tah in ana gelh zou tham ta hi.

Tualeh Centre for Civil Society (Delhi) ten kukum July ha in "Fund Students, not Schools" chi campaign ana pan ua, slum naupang te adin Education Voucher 408 a bulpatna din ana hawm khe ta uhi,

India ah School Choice Campaign pen sil tha nalai ahia, ei Manipur diahdiah ah tami ngaidan pen pom hamsa sim maithei hi. Aziah "vested interest" tampi i Education dept ah a um hi. One of the most lucrative Govt. dept. ahi na lai seet hi. But we can at least dicuss the idea of Education Voucher? Unless we tell others, who will know about it; if no one knows, how can the idea be experimented?

Americate' Naupang Thunun Dan


Kum paisa 2006, spring semester a class ka lakte lak a khat, “Advanced Theories of Learning and Brain Research” in ka lungsim a hon khoih mahmah a, huai class a ka zil khenkhatte uh gelhkhepah ding ka chihleh Lamka a institution khenkhatte’n naupang discipline buaipih a om man un ka hon gelhpah ut kei a, tu’n tamlou ka hon gelh khia hi. Ka gen ut tak chiang zaw ding ngaihtuahna in ka research paper a sentence khenkhat leng ka hon tel sak hi. School discipline hoih pipi a khang khia leh huchibang schoolte a teacher semkha ngei i tam uh ka gingta a, i thu kikup un school kailai leh teacher seplai a hon ngaihtuah sak ka gingta hi. Tulel in naupang kum 5 – 18 kikalte lak ah nna ka sem a, ka class toh kisai a field observation bawl a school tuamtuam a va pai a observation report pezel ka hihman in, class a ka sinte leh muhte ei lam a i discipline zatlelte tawh tehkak a phattuampih i om ngei lamen in tamlou ka hon kum nuam hi. Education leh naupang kephoih innsung leh nam khanna ding a poimoh lua ahihman in nu-le-pate leh school/college te’n theihtawp suah poimoh kasa hi.

A. Classroom Discipline Poimohna

School naupangte’n lai hoih tak a azil theihna ding un classroom discipline poimoh ahih dan Americate’n zong a hah gen mahmah ua, teacher orientation chiang bang in a hah gen pente uh lak a khat ahi. Ei lam bang a aw-gum (aw-khauh) zat loiloi, naupangte kilauh-sak leh naupang gawt phallouh ahihman in, bangchileh naupangte a subject ua lunglut sak ding, bangchileh chiim (bored) saklou ding chihlam a hahbawl mahmah uhi. Tulai in khuak theihtheih dan a laizilna (brain-based learning) chih a thang sak mahmah ua, naupangte laisim a lunglut kei ua classroom discipline a hoih keileh a teacher pen siamlou hi’nteh a chi ua, naupangte mohsalou in a teacher pen a mohsa zaw uhi. Jensen (2000) in “Khuak theihtheih dan (brain-based learning) a laizilna laizil ding dan diktak ahi” chi in, “Khuak theihtheih dan a laizilna zat ahih toh kiton in nidanglai (traditional) dan a classroom discipline pen mang hiaihiai” ding in gen hi. Inn sung a tate thununna (thuzohna) ding a vua leh vaulau hang a, school a gawt leh vaulau nawn hang a, khawsung/vengsung a vaihomte’n huchibang bok a thagum mah zang zel hang a, naupangte a hong khanlet chiang ua midangte a thununna ding ua thagum a hon zat khum ua leh lamdang khollou (ei akipan a zilkhiat uh) bang maw le?

B. Bangziak a Naupangte Discipline Haksa

Naupangte buaina bawl ut a school kai hikei mahle uh thil tuamtuam ziak in school ah buaina bawl khanak uhi. Classroom buaina ziak tampi omte lak a poimoh pen ahihleh laizilna environment ginalou ahi ut mahmah hi. Laizilna mun ginalou sak khenkhatte: naupangte’n teacherte lau law zezen, lawmte nuihsan leh simmoh ding lau (teacher in dotna dong ding leh kimuang ngam ding a thuhilhlou), class a mitam lua, siangthoulou (gim namsia), naupangte lunglut theihna ding lam zon sang a teacherte lunglutna dan kia a class pai, laizilna panpih ding vanzat kichinglou chihte hi ut mahmah hi. Jensen in “Naupangte thil zil a lungluthuailouh chiang mihing khuak a ‘orbitofrontal cortex area’ in na sem ginalou ahi” chi a, naupangte lunglut sak ding a poimoh dan hahgen mahmah hi. Naupangte’n laizil a utna ding ua amau lunglutna lam zonpihlou a khauhtak a thunun a gawtna piak in naupangte bawlhoih sang in a hinkhua uh sesak zaw ahi chi in Glenn, Lott & Nelsen (1997) te’n gen uhi. Naupangte khauhtak a thununna in amau apan kimuanngamna bei sak in lauhna, hehna, huatna, phuba lak utna, thuman utlouhna, kiniamkoihna, leh teacherte leh school thuneitute’ tung a thangpaih tentunna piang sak hi chi’n Marshall (2001) in gen hi. Inn sung hi in school hileh naupangte i kepna u’ah pilvanna ding tampi om leh kilawm maw?

C. Khuak Theihtheihna Dan a Laizil (brain-based learning) leh Khanglui Dan

Khuak theihtheih dan a laizilna leh khanglui (traditional) dan a laizilnate’ kibatlouhna khenkhatte saulou chik in i kikum ding uh. Khanglui dan a laizilna in teacherte’n hoih taka lai a hilh theihna ding un discipline khauhtak zat a naupangte daih sak ding chi a, himahleh, khuak theihtheihna dan a laizilna in naupangte lunglutna lam leh lunglut ding dan in lai sinpih le’ng, discipline buaipih luat kullou ding chi hi. Naupangte’n a ngaihdan uh, deihdan uh, muh dan uh, leh theihtheih dan uh hangsan taka genkhiatna ding hun lemtang inn sung leh classroom ah pethei le’ng mahni kimuan-ngamna (self-confidence) tun ding in lehkhasiamte’n gen ua, khauhtak a thunun sang in naupang himahle uh mihing ahihnna uh zahtak kawm in hasuan/hanthawn le’ng, lai theithei zaw tham ding ua, midangte leng zahtak dan siam zaw ding un gen uhi. Khuak theihtheihna dan a laizilna ngai poimohte’n a teacher pen naupangte thununtu (controller) hilou in lamhilhtu leh hasuantu hizaw chi uhi. Khuak theihtheihna dan a laizilna in a ngaih poimoh mahmah guk (6) om a huaite saulou genbeh ni:

1. Classroom a naupangte buai vingveng a om thei zel pen thil lamdang hilou in ahi ding mah ahi chi ua, teacherte’n a ziak a zon khiat ua naupangte ommawhna (energy) a hoih lam a a-zat sak ding uh ahi chi uhi. Naupang ngen om khawm dai khipkhep gige mawk le uh a hoih lam sang in hoihlou lam hi zaw ding hi.

2. School laizilna mun ahi a, lau kawm hilou a lungsim zalen leh thawveng tak a laizil ding poimoh mahmah hi. Sepaihte’ kikol bang a kikolna mun ahihleh naupangte’n teacherte gen peuhpeuh zui mawk ding ua, amau ah ‘originality’ omlou thei hi.

3. School leh classroom ah ut dandan in om bangmah le uh, naupangte a taangpi in mihoih hi ua, teacherte’n naupangte theisiam a naupangte lunglutna leh lunglut dan zon siam a laizil pih dan tuamtuam leh thil tuamtuam hihpih ding poimoh hi.

4. Naupangte thununna (discipline) hoih pen ahihleh a lunglutna uh leh theihsiam theihdan uh theih a huai dan a laizil sak ahi. A laizilna u’ah lunglut sak lehang khauhtak a thunun kullou ding hi.

5. Teacher hoih leh hoihlou classroom a naupangte’ om dan apan in theihtheih hi. Teacherte’n naupangte a khuak uh zang ding in a laizilna u’ah lunglut sak le uh classroom a buaina (disturbance) tawm tuam mahmah ding hi.

6. Teacherte’n a naupangte uh lunglutna leh theihtheih dan uh hoih tak in thei uh hen la laihilh dan chi tuamtuam zang le uh classroom buaina 95 % vel in kiam ding hi in lehkhasiamte’n gen uhi.

D. Buaina Bawl Naupangte a Thunun dan uh

Classroom a buaina bawl teitei naupangte a thunun dan uh ei lam a naupang i thunun dan uh tawh kibanglou deuh a, “Color Code” leh “Time Out” chih khong zang taangpi uhi. Buaina bawl naupangte teacherte’n classroom sung mah room kil khat ah tusak in “Time Out” pia ua, pau hetlou in minute 5-10 kikal a tut sak khit chiang un awl in houpih ua, naupang in kidik sak a teacher a seel (argue) leh a “Time Out” behlap hiam ahihkeileh principal room ah sawl uhi. Teacherte’n buaina bawl naupangte a houpih chiang un, bang ziak a naupang’ om dan in buaina tun ahia chih hoih taka ahilh khit chiang un naupang kiangah bangchi in om leh huai buaina hihnawnlou ding ahia chi in dong ua, buaina pumpelh ding dan a naupang mah ngaihtuah sak in gen sak uhi. School khenkhat in “Time Out” a piak khit chiang un “Think Sheet” kichi naupang buaina bawlte kiang ah pia ua, dotna bangzah hiam dawng sak in, nidang chiang a buaina apan bangchi kihepkhiat ding chihte gelh sak uhi. Ka research paper a sentence khenkhat ka hon telsak ding aw: To make the disruptive students think and reflect upon their activities, it is good to create a safe environment in which they would be given the opportunity to tell what they did, what they could do not to repeat the same offense, and what they are committed to do in the future. While external motivators like punishment or reward give solution to discipline problem for a short period of time, internal motivators like ownership of behavior, self-discipline, and self-developed plans could change one’s life. Using external motivators, we can control the behavior of people but we cannot change them. Change that comes from internal motivators last much longer than change that comes from external motivators (Marshall, 2001).

D. Naupang Gawtna (Punishment) Piak Ki-en Thak Le

Eilam ah naupang gawtna piak leh kilauhsak i chindan uh hilai in ka thei a, naupang in teacherte leh nu-le-pate a lauh sung un thununna phatuampi bang mahleh phatuam lawtellou ahi de aw ka chi sim hi. Himahleh, gawtna leh vaulauna in om dan hoihlou bel bangtan hiam kham daai zou tham a, khenkhatte hong kibawl hoih thei bang leng a om uh ka gingta. Naupang gawt khenkhatte’n amau hehna sunkhiatna ding a naupang gawt uh a de aw chih theih pawl om a, naupang gawtna piak in hinna kikhekna taktak tunlou ahi chih tulai a brain research bawlte ngaihdan ahi. Ka research paper a ka gelh- The ultimate aim of discipline is civility which is to come from self-discipline. Since classroom activities cannot take place without some degree of discipline, it is important for teachers to broaden their understanding of discipline and enforce it wisely to motivate students to learn. Clark states discipline to be more than how to let students behave but how to “support them as they learn to channel and direct their positive energy in ways that accomplish their goals and those of their community.” Unless self-discipline or self-control is taught and the students are motivated internally to take part in the discipline process, external methods of control does not work when the teachers or parents are not around.

Naupangte gawt thohlou in bang chih leng a lungsim uh ka zou thei de aw chithei lehang i gam, i nam, leh ii innsung uh a hong chidam zaw diam chih dotna kidong le’ng uthuai ka sa hi. I gam a kivaulauna leh thagum zatna a hong tawmna/kiamna ding in naupangte lam dik ah pii thei le’ng maw?


Ka Laibu Ette

01. Alexander, P. A. & Murphy, P. K. (2006). Understanding how students learn: A guide for instructional leaders. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
02. Canter, L. (1988). Assertive discipline and the search for the perfect classroom. Young Children 43(2), p. 24.
03. Covington, M. V., & Teel, K.M. (1996). Overcoming student failure: Changing motives and incentives for learning. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
04. Davis, A. (2004). The credentials of brain-based learning. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 38(1), pp. 21-36.Edwards, C. (1994). Learning and control in the classroom. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 21(4), 340-346.
05. Fogatry, R. (2002). Brain compatible classrooms. Arlington Heights, IL: Skylight
06. Professional Development.
07. Ginsberg, M. B., & Wlodkowski, R. J. (2000). Creating highly motivating classrooms for all students: A schoolwide approach to powerful teaching with diverse learners.
08. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Inc.
09. Glenn, H. S., Lynn, L. & Nelsen J. (1997). Positive discipline in the classroom: Create a classroom climate that enhances academic learning. Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing.
10. Kohn, A. (1998). What to look for in a classroom:…and other essays. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
11. Leamnson, R. (2000). Learning as biological brain change. Change, 32(6), pp. 34+

Retrieved February 18, 2006 from EBSCOhost database (#4349, Change): Lucas, R. W. (2003). The creative training idea book: Inspired tips and techniques for engaging and effective learning. New York: American Management Association.

Mackenzie, R. J. (1996). Setting limits in the classroom: How to move beyond the classroom dance of discipline. Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing.

Marshall, M. L. (2001). Discipline without stress punishments or rewards: How teachers and parents promote responsibility and learning. Los Alamitos, CA: Piper Press.

Mercer, C. D., & Witzel, B. S. (2003). Using rewards to teach students with disabilities.

Remedial & Special Education, 24 (2) pp. 88+. Retrieved February 22, 2006 from EBSCO database:

Nelsen, J., Escobar L., Ortolano, K., M. F. T., K. O., Duffy, R., Owen-Sohocki, D. (2001). Positive discipline: A teacher’s A-Z Guide (Rev. 2nd ed.). Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing.

Orange, C. (2005). 44 smart strategies for avoiding classroom mistake. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Prigge, D. J. (2002). 20 ways to promote brain-based teaching and learning. Intervention in school and clinic, 37 (4), 237-241.
Sample, J. (2002). Learning vs. performance: Implications for adult learner. National

Adult Learning Conference, sponsored by the University of South Carolina (June 23-25, 2002, Orlando, FL).

Schneider, M. F. (1994). Help! My teacher hates me: How to survive poor grades, a friend who cheats off you, oral reports, and more. New York: Workman Publishing Company, Inc.Taylor, B. W. (1987). Classroom discipline: A system for getting the school administrator to see classroom discipline problems your way. Dayton, OH: Souther Hills Press.

Wolfgang, C. H. (1999). Solving discipline problem: Methods and models for today’s teachers (4th ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.


Half the blame-game in a mess-up Democracy

By : Thangkholun Haokip

Democracy the legacy of Abraham Lincoln is the government of the people, for the people, and by the people. However, this beautiful quotation is wrongly interpreted and regulated as if ... Democracy means “might is right” ... and not the government for the people, and by the people. But the government of the politicians, for the people by the politicians who could only gain the blessings of those armed-groups (who reign supreme).

The theory of Mao-Tse-Tung is always in force in this insurgent regime state of our society. Where many politicians of today are really misguided by his (Mao’s) theory of ...”Power comes out only from the barrel of the gun”. As a result every Jack and Jill becomes a Patriot in a forthnight if he has got a gun under his belt. Because of that gun with power he becomes to reign supreme as a saviour of the society and started indulging with manipulative roles in Election Politics with the aim solely of their chosen candidates to get elected.

Of course not! People dare say anything against their dare-devil act ... and their chosen candidates (not on People’s mandate) naturally get elected. Who then becomes the king makers (the makers, may be of MLAs and Ministers etc). Obviously those MLAs with the blessings... neither Heavenly (of God’s) nor of People’s mandate, but of those who reign supreme, in the sublime of their “Parvenu” in a forthnight hardly cares for none other than bringing damnation to the people. Nothing but to rob Peter to Pay Paul, and to seal one’s fate ... where many Potential and Promising leaders are sealed and fated is a common phenomenon in this insurgent regime State of our society.

I do not mean to say that all the MLAs are running with the hare and huntubf with the hounds for these scenes of much hateful game for getting into power. But only on any Tom-Dick and Harry who jockeyed for a position to strike the arrow home. Of course, there are many honest and noble-hearted Ministers and MLAs elected on people’s mandate really taking up the people’s cause with the charismatic spirit of sacrifice not even sparing the MLA-LAD fund..., “which is meant for the people and not to be misappropriated for the MLAs own selfish gains”.

It’s a true visualization as I have mentioned that politicians of today are misguided by Mao’s theory. What Mao had said was to use the gun properly with a true sense of Patriotism to achieve freedom from the oppressors with the help of the power that comes out from the barrel of the gun, but not to direct that barrel to the oppressed for whom they are fighting.

Let the Legacy of Mao’s theory of gun barrel be well crusaded with analytical thought to fine tune the vision of all and sundry. Lest, we’d be the Captain of our destiny to put the cart before the horse. “It is in Democracy that puts the horse before the cart, and it is the Dictatorship that puts the cart before the horse.”

Election the most vital factor in Democracy as I understand:

Election being the most vital factor in Democracy without which nothing could be initiated, sustained nor reformed would be a system in which all the people of the country can vote to elect their representatives with a fair and equal treatment of everyone, and their rights to take part in making decisions. And it should be purely on the fundamental basis of what Abraham Lincoln had said, “Democracy is the government of the people, for the people, and by the people”. But not by the system of Power that flows from the barrel of the gun, nor by means of Proxy voting, Impersonation, booth capturing, use of money power, muscle power and ballot paper snatching, or looting of EVM etc. Nor it would be of any method by fair means or foul to get into power and get elected. Election in Democracy would be rather a politics for improvement of people’s lives and not about big money on power games. What George Bernard Shaw had famously said is worth retrospection ... “In a Democracy which is more a social-life than a form of government cannot be survived without criticism. It’s a strong opposition, a much needed for the good governance in the democratic set up of government. Above all, it’s the educated people who really indebted to educate the uneducated masses (the voters) to meet the prevailing challenges for the deserving leaders to get elected in the “Election” which is the crux of democracy.

Who is to bell the Cat for the Cleansing campaign of mass awareness:

The focus of attention here is “Democracy” (for & by People’s rights) which is more a way of life than a form of government. The way of life concerns the involvement of People’s outlook, thinking and behaviour etc. However, what has made matter worse and unsuitable in the democratic set up of our insurgent regime Society is the presence of numerous armed groups who have taken up a cause in the name of the people, but will care a damn whether their action will put the people into any sort of suffering or not.

For long, the public under this insurgent regime have been forced to follow whatever had been imposed would have been because of the inability of the people to articulate their voice and argue their points sincerely with moral conviction and courage. A convincing criticism to the armed groups too, is very much important for their moral conviction in taking up the people’s cause, because they cannot be survived all alone without the existence of the people and its environment.

We cannot afford to let this to reign supreme go on forever. Those gun wielding with powers too are human beings and not animals... but taking up a cause in the name of the people, whose powers in their fiefdoms are all people’s own creation. “The fish cannot live without water, but the water can remain as it is without the fish living in it”. And its we (the people) who are to be well organised first for the proper working of Democracy... to let them know that they who are in power with guns are also to live amidst certain environment.

Besides much foam and froth, let election (the crux of democracy) be the focus of attention which had miserably failed in our insurgent regime society since its inception. It happens not because of the electorates being immaturity, nor by the common masses of being illiterate. But by the powers that flows from the barrel of the gun, which never ever allows the people to vote freely for their own choice of candidates. This is the phenomenally undesirable Dictatorship realms of election taking place in our insurgent regime society here and there.

Why not leave the people alone to decide in the election (it’s the people’s right) let any Jack and Jill who comes out to serve the people with all eligibilities as enshrined in the constitution, and whoever gains the people’s mandate be elected! Under this circumstances of Election climax, the voters and the masses needs to be well educated in scrutinizing the “who’s who” of the aspiring candidates, and tracing down the history of each family background be made inevitable to get the deserving leader. Those in power with guns should rather protect the people’s rights than to deprive them off... it, in fact they are really taking up the cause of the people. “May be, Election is the climax for those in powers with guns to reign supreme, but that turns an anti climax for the people with a wounded feeling of being oppressed”.

It’s high time, let’s wake up. It’s none, but we (the people) who is to bell the cat for the cleansing campaign of mass-awareness. Looking the other way will not help anyway. But to be bold enough to articulate the People’s rights to make those “God-like final authority mentality” (as if having the licence to kill) realised the importance of citizens can never ever be underestimated or be played with, nor could they be kept out in the democratic process of election which is the government by the “People” and not by the “Dictators”. “The sooner the electoral system be reformed and cleansed by leaving it solely to the people’s mandate, the better the formation for a healthy Democracy”.

People needs revival for social survival and justice: The great issue is at stake, and the call of the day is Vox Populi... Vox Dei, or the People’s rights, for it is said: “the voice of the people is the voice of God”. In this pursuit of the best ends by the best means the history clearly shows that no change for the better has been possible without the use of force either violence or non-violence. No doubt, America could have not become Independence if its people had not revolted against the “rulers” and if the people of the respective countries had not resorted to violence. Likewise, the Indians could have not achieved freedom if its people had not revolted against the British imperialism in its different forms of movements, violence and non-violence at different stages under the aegis of myriads leadership. “It was none other than Gandhiji who won India’s freedom with his non-violent movement that makes the British Empire met its Waterloo”.

The manipulative roles of the armed groups in this insurgent hegemony state of our society reminds us of the British Imperialism who control over India only to promote their own interest, or the English East India Company which was interested only in making money. To yield the desired fruit of Sovereignty, Independence and what not... by the armed groups in this insurgent regime state is well and good, but doubtful because of frequent coup d’tat within themselves have proved without contradiction that the Paradox of being a great crusaders of people’s cause without a true sense of humanity and patriotism.

The question now arise... what profit is it to them if they gains a big money on powers games with the politicians and loses the people’s confidence? OR what will they give to the people in return for they (the armed groups with their elected politicians) are well paid at the cause (cost) of people’s the rights. It is written in the Bible for you and for me... “what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? OR what will a man give in exchange for his soul”. (Mathew 16:26)

In the pursuit of the best ends by the best means for Social Survival and Justice, people needs to be revived, if not the best means for the best ends will remain a Utopia. The literal meaning here, for Social Survival and Social Justice is Social change which in short means Peace and Integrity. For attaining Peace and Integrity “You and I” must change first for a change... for, those who are in power with guns to reign supreme are non, but our sons, brothers, friends and relatives. No one is foreign to us. The open secret is because of the presence of numerous Public Sympathizers, Civil Organisations and Social workers aiding the armed groups indirectly. Not all, but half the blame game is to be borne by the public. “Because it’s the charity that always begins at home.” Let us all look up to Heaven and pray, for the Lord Says... “If my people who are called by name will humble themselves and pray and seek My face, and turned from their wicked ways, than I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sins and heal their Land”. (II Chronicles 7:14)

Unless we are convinced to choose this only option as the Lord said, our tainted “Democracy” which is more a way of life than a form of government is surely to tailspin. And we’d only be... “the straw that breaks the camels back”.

Source: The Imphal Free Press

Professional Education

By Zosanglien Zote,
Ramhlun North, Aizawl

(A) THUHMAHRUOI : Tarik 17.10.2006 khan Inchuklainun September,2006 Issue ka lo hmua,“ Professional Course(sin le inhmea inchukna ) hi Hmarnau inchuklaihai hin uor inla a thalem ding am? ” ti thupui hmanga ngaidan ziek ding kha ka lo hmu bawka. Ka thu ziek ding hi a sei deu hlek lei le inchuklai mipahni/pathum bekin an lo thangkaipui beiseinain Article-in ka hung ziek lem anih.

Professional Course hang ti hin MBBS/BDS, BE/B.Tech, B.Arch, BSc( Nursing), BVSc, B.Pharm., MBA, Hotel Management le a dang tamtak kawk thei atih. Ei thuziek a sei taluo nawna ding le a danghai hi ka hrietdan an ril bek naw leiin tuta tuma ding chun MBBS/ BDS le BE/ B.Tech hai hi hang thlur bing deu inla thain ka hriet.

Pawl sawm ei hang zo chie hin a thiem thei deu hlek ( 2nd Division chin) chun Science hang lak phawt hi a tha in ka hriet. Arts / Commerce lak nghal kha tum feltak neisa chun suol chuong lova ngai inla. Class XII-ah Science ei lak ani chun, thildang tamtak hi introduce ta hai sienkhawm, a khawtieng tieng khawm inher thei dinga Subject Combination pali, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics / Biology le additional-ah Mathematics / Biology lak theina ngei School/College-a ei inchuka, ei lak ngei bawk kha ka la recommend tak tho tho chu anih. Degree level ei hang kai chie a ei inchuk ding ei thlang dan ding kha hril ka nuom tak chu anih.

(B) A THAT LEMNA POINT HAI: Professional Course , a biktakin MBBS/ BE etc.hi hieng General Degree eiti BA, BSc, B.Com nekin ei inchuklai haiin uor lem hai sienla a thatna san hai :-

1) A kum thu a hin BA, B.Sc, B.Com ( Kum thum) nekin a sawt lem ( MBBS – Kum nga le a chanve , BE – Kum li ) deu hlekin inlang sienkhawm, tulai naupangin lekha an inchuk in hma ta a, Kum 15/16 /17 vela Matric an pass tho chun a sawt bek bek chuong in an lang nawh. Sungkuo harsa deu thangna zawng nuom vat tading lchun BE hi a tha lem el thei.

2) General a graduate degree neihaiin an thaw thei angang an thaw ve thei vawng.( Entirnan : Civil
Services ; IAS,IFS, IPS etc, Bank Officer, Sipai Officer le a dang dang ah). Ngaidan indiknaw deu eila nei ni a inlang chu : IAS,IFS, IPS, hai hi Arts Graduate hai ta ding deuva siena ei nei a , hi hi ei ngaidan ala ni chun ei peihawn a hun tah.

Civil Service Exam eiti chu India ram pumpui a graduate, ( ieng line khawm a huom vawng) an exam nuoili / nuoinga lai a inthawk khan mithiem tak tak 300 / 400 ( IAS a zakhat nekin a tlawmlem ta hlak) vel an thlang suok kha ani el a, General Studies Paper ( Compulsory ) bakah mani Subject ditzawng kha an thlang thei seng anih. Miin MBBS / BE ani khawma History , Geography etc. kha a lak nuom chun lak an phal vawng tho a, tiem deu hlek chu ngai a tih. (Nikum hmasa lai ela Mizo nunghak MBBS , IAS General Category a inziek tling , khan Geography Subject a lak ani kha). MBBS/ BE chun a Subject inchuk ngei Medicine, Civil Engineering , Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering hai khawm kha a lak nuom phawt chun an phal vawng tho bawk a. India ram pumpui thu a lem chu Professional graduate hai hi a tling tam tam anni ta lem in an lang. Eini hai laia MBBS/BE inchuk haiin ei dawng rawp hlak chu “ Ana, MBBS/ BE inchuk a, IAS tieng fe la ka ti lem veileh” ti hi anih. Inhrilfie vawng khawm thil intak tak anih.

3) Sin thaw hnungah professional degree nei a that lemna ding awm point 4 chauvin hang tarlang inla :- a) Professional graduate ni chun ei sin thawna ( entirnan BE( Civil) tadingin – Road/ Building design/ construction/ maintenance le Doctor tadingin – damdawi pek, operation etc ) a khan thuneina pumhlum independent angreng takin ei nei a, ei neka Department / Company a inlal lem khawm nihai sienla, hung inrawl vawng remchangnaw chin hi a um leiin Professional Independence / Satisfaction a um lemin an lang.

b) Sin ei thaw a ,ei experience deu deu a , ei hlutna ei belsa pei ani leiin,tulai Privatisation khawvel, experienced professionals India ram a khawm Company / Corporation hran hran in an zawng chur churna khawvel ei hmang mek a lem hin chu , ( Mi ban el anta, kan hotu hai lungawinaw zawng ning ata, ti a) , hotu hai mitmei veng dawr dawra, ti deka sin thaw kha a um nawh. A suol zawng ni chuong lovin, mani a ngaidan nei a , principle neia, huoi taka sinthaw theina scope a um lemin an lang.

c) Sin pangai thawna bakah, khawpuia lem chu a thiem / taima tading chun Private a inhlawna ding a um zing . Tulai hin Private a Design / Billing / Site engineer le Doctor Private a practice mani sin ( abiktakin sawrkar sin ) pangngai baka inhlawna hmu zing mi tamtak hril ding an um mek anih.

d) Tulai khawvel a damdawi thiemna an sang pei a , mihriemin fak le dawn ei uluk tah bakah a hun tawk chauva exercise lak dam ei uor ta pei a , Pathien zarin ei dam hun khawm hi a sawt hret hret niin an lang a. Kum 60 a pension la tlangval deu deu khawm ei um tah. Professional graduate hai chun ei nuom zawng zawng a sin thaw kha pension hnungah ei tan thei ding chau niin an lang. An hmaw zuol deu hai, pension nghak pei lo tading khawma Voluntary a suok a, inhlawna ding Company / Corporation zawm amani, mani a practice a fakzawng thei ani bawk.
Chuleiin, Professonal Course inchuk hi ieng ang sin khawm ei thaw zawm tum nisien, hang fe tanna hmasatak a hang hmang phawt hi a thatakin ka hriet.


1) MBBS / BDS : (a) State Quota : Ei umna State seng hin Quota an nei vawnga, khawlai hmuna khawm Class XII ( Sc) kha zo inla, Permanent Residents ei nina State Quota kha hni chi anih. State Capital ah Directorate of Higher & Technical Education / Higher Education / Education / Health Services a hai hin ei lut tum kum April / May thla velah ngaiven chi ning atih.

(b) CBSE – AIPMT ( All India Pre – Medical Test ) : India rama Medical College um popo deuthaw a hin Central Government hin 15 % quota a nei vawng a ( J & K le Andhra Pradesh thang lovin) , ST quota 7.5 % tiemin Seat 1600 vel anih . India mi taphawt exam thei a Entrance hi kumtin CBSE in a buotsai hlaka , SC/ ST tadingin PCB a 40 % hmu angai. Kumnawk 2007 ah Exam hi Preliminary ( Multiple choice type) : Date - 01/ 04/ 2007 le Mains ( Prelim tlinghai tadingin - Descriptive Type ) : Date - 13/ 05 / 2007 ding anih.
Application Form : (i) Zawr hun sung : 09 / 10 / 2006 to 18 / 11 / 2006.
(ii) Aman ( Exam fee thangsa in) : Rs 200/- for SC/ ST.
(iii) Zawrna hmun ( India hmarsak chau tarlang eitih) : CANARA BANK
(a) Ist Floor, Mirullah Building, G.S. Road, Shillong - 01.
(b) 14 – A, Hem Baruah Road, Fancy Bazar, Guwahati – 01.
(iv) Delhi a Form fill – up sa submit nading Last Date : 20 / 11/ 2006. ( India hmarsak a umhai tading in ni 10 – 15 vel an suksei hlak).

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(c) AIIMS ( All India Institute of Medical Sciences ) Entrance : India rama Medical College thataka ngai a hin kumtin ST quota 7.5 % tiemin MBBS Seat 50 vel chau a um hlak. India mi taphawt exam thei a Entrance hi kumtin Notification December a an insuo hlak a, February thla tawp vel hi Form Submit na ding last date ani hlak. Kumnawk 2007 ah Entrance Exam hi June chawlkar hmasatak a ni’ng atih. Form man ( Exam Fee a thangsa nghal ) SC/ ST tadingin Rs 400/-. . State khawpui State Bank of India Main Branch a inchawk thei ani hlak.
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(d) CMC ( Christian Medical College) , Vellore : : India rama Medical College thapawl taka ngai a hin kumtin ST quota le Christian quota tiemin MBBS Seat 60 vel chau a um hlak. India mi taphawt exam thei a Entrance hi kumtin March chawlkar hmasa tieng a Form an insuo hlak a, April kar hnina vel hi Form Submit na ding last date ani hlak. Kumnawk 2007 ah Entrance Exam hi May thla tawp tieng ni’ng atih. Form man ( Exam Fee a thangsa nghal ) Rs 400 vel anih. A Form hi incha a ngai hlak.

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(e) AFMC ( Armed Forces Medical College), Pune, Entrance : Lut a inthawka Sipai ni tan nghal na Medical College a hin kumtin ( ST quota a um nawh) MBBS Seat 130 vel chau a um hlak ( Pasal 105 le Nuhmei 25). India mi taphawt exam thei a Entrance hi kumtin Hnina Form, Rs 150 / - ( Exam Fee a thangsa nghal ) man vel, hi Head Post Office a hai a um hlaka, January chawlkar hmasatak a inthawkin February thla kar hnina vel chen an hni thei hlak. Kumnawk 2007 ah Entrance Exam hi May chawlni hmasatak a ni’ng atih. MBBS an pass chie hin Sipai Commissioned Officer ah an thang ngei ngei angai.

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Hieng naw khawm hi India rama inchukna tha tawpkhawk pawla ngai (f) Banaras Hindu University ( BHU) ( , (g) Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education and Research ( JIPMER) , Pondicherry, ( , (h) Aligarh Muslim University ( AMU) , (i)Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE) le Inchukna hmun dang dang hai khawmin MBBS lutna dingin Entrance kumtin an buotsai hlaka, SC/ ST quota an nei vawnga, ngaiven pei chun exam thei tamtak hi a um anih.

Ei hriet zing ding chu India ramah mihriem ei pung hrat dan, damnaw enkawl ding pungpei le Medical inchuk nuom an pung hrat dan ngaituo in Medical Organisation hi MBBS inchukna hmun siem / College indin belsa tienga hin an hrat tawk naw a, mithiem hai buoipui a tling anih.Engineering Field a hin chu hitieng pang hi a hrat hle a, tulai hin India ramah BE Seat popo belkhawma hmun ruka the a hmun khat vel chauh hi MBBS Seat a um phak tawk anih. Chuleiin, MBBS Seat hmu hi thil mei mei ani naw a, mi hausa lem chun a nuoi tel tak tak hin an inchawk mek anih. Eini hai ta ding chun, a entrance inziek tling thei khawpa thiemna tak ei hnawt hi a tul ta takmeuh anih
. A chunga ei hang tarlang pova khin ( State quota tiem lovin) CBSE – AIPMT khi a Seat a tam leiin a awmnem taka ngai ania, Preliminary ah Multiple Choice Type a thai indiknaw khan Minus Marking a um a, 2006 Entrance Exam a khan ST hai bik kha 52% hmu chin chau khan Prelim an tling phak anih. Delhi, Kolkata etc. ah Class XII ( Sc.) an zo hnungin ,kum inhmangin a sing tel tak meu hin Coaching an kai ani a, hi khawm hi Competition suk sang tu chu anih. Chuleiin eini tading chun ei State quota hi ngaiven inhma in thang la inla , tling awlsamna tak ala ni zing el thei anih.

2) B.E / B.Tech / B.Sc ( Engg) : Hieng hai pathum hi nina thuhmun, a College / University in a hming an buk dan zira phuok anni a, Sin / Inchukzawmna ding a chun ‘ Degree in Engineering / Technology ’ ti kha an advertise dan ani hlak a , a hming a inthawk hin buoi naw in la , ei hril pawl nawk nawk khawm a , pawinaw a ngai ei tih. An chukna hmun le an chuk dan tlangpui :-

BE / B.Tech inchukna ding India rama hin College a tam em em a, Medical le an angnaw na tak chu Zirtirtu sin thaw tum naw hai tading chun Postgraduate ( ME / M. Tech) hi a hlu bek bek ta naw a, BE hin sin tieng panga chu field / office experience hung nei peiin Post an sangtak khawm kha thlung thei anga ngai anih. Lecturer / Professor etc. nitum hai tading ruok chun ME / M. Tech ( Kum khat le a chanve Course) inchuk zawm ngei ngei a ngai a, Ph. D thaw nghal thei anih. ( M. Phil a um ve naw a, NET nei angai bawk nawh). India rama hin chu tuchena ME/ M. Tech hi BE inchukna dinga Entrance a harsat dan le a ‘rush’ ang hi anta naw deu hlek niin an lang.
Iengtapo khawm nisien, ei subject BE / B. Tech inchukna tiengpang kha hang thlurpei tum eita : India rama hin College a tam em em a , a then chu All India Council of Technical Education ( AICTE) le University Grants Commission ( UGC) in a approve lem lo, private a sumdawngna dinga an indin, a degree khawm hlu bek bek lem lo dam annih. AICTE le UGC approved laia khawm Private / Trust / Society haiin an indin ve hrim hrim , college tha tak tak, a degree khawm recognized vawng, admission le anchukna dinga pawisa tam deu hlek ( nuoi nga a inthawka nuoi sawm ) seng ngai dam anni tawl a, College thlang chungchanga fimkhur a tha hle. Chiengkuong rak lo hai hi National chanchinbu a in advertise tam tam an ni nawk nghal a.
BE / B.Tech inchukna college ah naupang sie inzirtira inzirtir thei anta naw leiin, inchukna that dan hriltu tak chu a san tamtak laia a naupanghai lekhathiem theisa an ni le ninaw a hin an nghat lien khawp el . College tha chu India rama naupang thiem vawrtawp haiin lut a, inchuk an tum deu vawng na college hai kha an nih. Engineering College tha tam tak hai hang belchieng deu tum eita ( a that dan indawt ruokchu ni kher lovin ) :-

a) Indian Institutes of Technology ( IITs) : (i) College chanchin :- IIT hi India rama pasari ( Kanpur, Kharagpur, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Roorkee, Guwahati ) a um ta a , khawvel inchukna insang tha a thlangsuok zakhat laia Oxford , Cambridge etc. tihai laia India ram a inthawka thangpha umsum an nih. India rama hin engineering inchukna thatak a ni el bakah degree inchukna hrim hrim hai lai popova thataka ngai pawl an tam khawp el. “ In IITs you don’t go looking for jobs, the jobs come looking for you “ ( ‘ IIT a chun sin i zawng angai nawh, sinin a hung zawng lem che anih’ ati na niawm tak anih) anti hiel anih. IIT a B.Tech. inchuk zo hai a zatve vel hi India rama nina insang tak tak neiin an um mek a, a zatve dang hi chu America, Europe etc a umin, a then manager, software engineer le mani a Company nei a , an sum themdawk India pawisa lem chun ei ngaituo na in a phak rak talo dam anni tawl a. An chuk zo haihin Association ( Alumni Association) tha deu an indin a, vawisun hin entirna’n India sawrkar hin IIT haihi pawisa lo penuom ta naw sienla khawm anni’n Consultancy a an hmu le an Alumni Association hai hin tuta ngirhmun ang khu chu an in thlung tir thei hrim hrim antah.
India rama hlaw tamtieng panga insang pawl a an hril hlak IIM – Ahmedabad a khun MBA ( PGDBM ani lema chu ei hriet awlsam na dingin MBA tipei lem eitih , an ang vawng thova) khu graduate hnunga kum hni inchuk ani a , kum khata Cheng nuoi 6 / 7 vel a inthawk a nuoi zakhat in kar vel hlaw dingin an inchuk zo hma hma in Foreign le India Company hai khun an lak fai vawng hlak anih. IIM – Ahmedabad a inchuk hai khu iengtiklai khawmin za a sawmsari engineer an ni zinga, chuong engineer hai laia za a sawmsari chu IIT a graduate an nih.
Tuta hma khan IAS/ IFS a khawm hin IIT graduate hai hi India rama a topper anni deu zing hlak a, tuta Privatisation khawvel ei hmang hnunga Company / Corporation ah hlaw tam tak taka an lut ta hnung hin a thiem zuol tak tak hai hin IAS / IFS sin dittaka an nei tanaw lei khawm ani el thei a, hmun danga mi hi topper antam lemin an lang tah.
India ram ani sung chu engineering college hai lai popova iengkima chunghnung dinga siem anni leiin miin iengangin thildang kha inpakin advertise hlak haisien khawm a changkang tak tho tho ti kha ei hriet thang atih. Ei hriet pawl naw ding chu IIT hai hi multi – displinary Institutions ( thil chi hran hran inchuk theina hmun ) an ni a , ME/ M.Tech M.Sc., Ph .D ( Subject hran hran ) le MBA khawm hi an nei deu vawng a, thildang dang hai khi tha thawkhat vieu hai sien khawm , India ramin a ngaisang bek bek chu IIT a B. Tech inchukna bik khu anih. An ngaisang bek bekna sanhai laia a lientak chu a lutna dinga fe thleng ngei ngai Joint Entrance Examination ( IIT- JEE ) khu anih.
(ii) IIT- JEE : India rama exam harsa pawl taka ngai IIT – JEE hi kumtin vawikhat , April chawlni vawi hnina vel a hin ,mi nuoi thum / nuoi li velin an exam hlaka, SC/ ST tadingin PCM ah Class XII ah 55 % bek hmu angai. Class XII i pass kum ( i result i hriet hma in form i buoipuia in exam angai ) le a kum nawk chie an phal tah. A form, Rs 300 ( SC/ST) man , hi November thla tawp velah Canara Bank hmun dang dang a an zawr tan hlaka, January kar hmasatak chen an submit thei hlak. Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University ( IT-BHU) le Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad ( ISM, Dhanbad) in an hmuna B. Tech inchukding hai lutna dingin IIT- JEE kha an hmang ve leiin, IIT pasari le hieng inchukna pahni a hin ST quota 7.5 % tiemin Seat 4000 vel a uma, tling ruok chu a harsa hle. CBSE / ICSE le State Board a Class XII ( Sc) inchuklai pangngai thiem deu hlek hai khawm hin a exam hi harsa anti hle a , a tling hai hi Class XII pass hnunga kum khat chawl tawpa in buotsai baka Class XII inchuk malama Coaching Institute tha deu hlek a bei char char hai an ni nuom khawp el. Thiem tak tak Class XII zo kuma tling nghal an um khawmin a tlawm lem an ni hlak. Minus marking a um a, tuchena chu, ST chu hril lo , General tading khawma IIT – JEE ah 40 % hmu chun tling ngei ngei thei ding ala nih . Inhnai deu deuvin multiple choice type question in an siem a, question hlui a suok ta ngai meu nawh. By – heart system a thaw hai nekin conceptual knowledge ( chieng fek fawka hrietna) nei an zawng ani tak anih.
(iii) Inchukna Sum sengso : Sawrkar a inchukna ani leiin sengso zat ding chie hril thei naw inla khawm sengso hi chu tamtak ani nawh. B.Tech inchuk haiin sin hmuna kawnga harsatna an nei naw leiin Bank in loan an phal em em a, an insuong vena pakhat chu vawisun chen hin inziek tling pawisa harsa lei a inchuk thei naw an la um nawh ti hi anih.

b) National Institutes of Technology ( NITs) :
(i) College chanchin : Tuta hma a State lien deu deuva pakhat peia an sem dar Regional Engineering College ( REC) ti hlak hai kha Central Sawrkarin pawisa pesa in an thuom tha a , Kum 2000 vel khan NIT tia inbukin Central Sawrkarin thuneina popo a lo lak pumhlum vawng ta a. Tuhin NIT hi sawmpakuo ( Allahabad, Bhopal, Calicut, Durgapur, Hamirpur, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Jamshedpur, Kurukshetra, Nagpur, Rourkela, Silchar, Surathkhal, Surat, Warangal, Tiruchirapalli, Patna, Srinagar le Raipur ) a um mek. Tripura Engineering College, Agartala ti hlak kha NIT, Agartala ti a inlet antum mek bawk anih.NIT hai hi an rengin residential ( inchuklai popo hostel a um ngei ngei ngai , puotieng/ mani in a inthawka kai awi nilo) college anni a, ME / M.Tech le Ph.D thaw thei nghal na an ni deu vawng tah. College a Internet facility 24 hours pek anni vawng bawka , IIT hai thasang dawltu dinga chei le enkawl mek annih .
NIT hai hi an thatdan in ang tlangpui a ngai ani a, chulai zing chun a tha bik deu hlek umin an hril. Tulai hnaia ding chun , NIT Surathkhal, Tiruchirapalli le Warangal ami hai hi a thazuol a ngai an nih. NIT thazuol hai hi hi IIT la tharlam le changtlung rak naw neka ditlem hiel khawm an um ve nawk tho anih. NIT thazuol hai le BITS , Pilani a hin seat mi pe ve ve hai sien la , thlang thiem a harsa hle ka ring .
NIT a hai hin Student pangngai taka pass ( bat nei thang neng nung nilo) hai chu Company / Corporation hai hin 100 % ( za a za ) College hmuna fein Campus Placement in an lak hlak anih. NIT a lut ding hin All India Engineering Entrance Examination ( AIEEE ) fe thleng ngei ngei angai anih.

(ii) AIEEE : IIT – JEE neka awmnem deu hleka ngai AIEEE hi kumtin vawikhat , April thlatawp a mi nuoi thum / nuoi li vel bawkin an exam hlaka, PCM ah Class XII pass taphawt tadingin an hawng. Class XII i pass kum ( i result i hriet hma in form i buoipuia in exam angai ) a inthawkin in exam thei nghal anih. A form, Rs 150 ( SC/ST) man , hi December ni 15 velah Canara Bank hmun dang dang a an zawr tan hlaka, January thla tawp chen an submit thei hlak. Multiple choice type niin, minus marking a um a , mark hmu antak hle. Full mark 540 a SC/ ST tading chun 150 chuong hmu pha hai chu a thaw tha pawl anni hlak. India hmarsak a Class XII (Sc) pass,SC/ST tading chun Mark 100 i hmu thei chun i tling hrim hrim a, chuleiin duam rak lova, thiem chiengpo thaw a, mark 100 le 150 inkar vel kha hmu tumsa law law khan inziektling awlsamtak dingin ka ring.
(iii) Inchukna Sum sengso : Sawrkar a inchukna ani leiin sengso hi thildang a inchukna ngaituoin atam naw hle a, hieng ang vel hi Kum 4 (li) sunga sengso anih :-
(a) Admission ( hostel le inkawp vawngin) :- Rs 20,000 /- vel ania, 1st semester fee a thangsa nghal bawk ( vawikat chie pek angai ).
(b) Semester Fee :- Rs 10,000 /- vel , thlaruk danah vawi sari dang pek angai bawk..
(c) Mess Fee :- Rs 1,500 /- le 2,000 inkar , thlatin chawi angai.
(d) Lekhabu man :- Library a lekhabu a tam a, nakie tieng a dinga nei ve hrim hrim ei nuom ani naw chun SC / ST tading lem chun inchawk angai meu nawh.

c) North East Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Itanagar ( NERIST) :

India hmarsak State hai Science & Technology a suk changkang tu dinga Central Sawrkar in an din anih. Sawrkar ta lieu lieu ani leiin sengso hi NIT hai le in angtlang put mei atih. B.Tech bakah Bachelor of Forestry le thil dang dang an nei sa a, an engineering inchukna chau ei thlur ding anih. A course an siem dan hai chu :- (i) Matric pass hlim a lut theina B.Tech dingin Kum 6 Course ( Diploma Kum -3 le degree Kum - 3 ) (ii) Matric zova Kum thum Diploma pass ta hai tadingin B.Tech Kum – 3 course . (ii) Class XII ( Sc) pass hai tadingin B. Tech Kum – 4 ( Diploma Kum - 2 ,degree kum – 2) Hieng Course chi hrang hrang a khin Seat za a sawmriet vel chu India hmarsaka permanent residents hai tadingin inzat sengin ei nei anih. A lekha thiem rak naw State hai tading chun tling a awl deu hlek ding tina anih
NERIST a pass hai hi NIT a pass hai ang thovin Company / Corporation hai College hmuna fein Campus Placement in sin tha tak tak an pek hlek anih. NERIST hin a hranpa in Entrance an buotsai hlaka , ngaiven nuom chun a ngaiven chi ni’ng atih.

Ei Article a sei taluo naw na dingin College tha dang hai tawi te te in tarlang tum ei tih :-

d) Birla Institute of Technology & Science , Pilani ( BITS, Pilani) :

India rama engineering College tha 10 an thlang suok pha IIT hai laia thang zing zing chu BITS, Pilani hi ani.India ramsunga Board tina Class XII ( Sc) topper seng kha lut theina quota , ( test ngailovin ) an pek a , a bak po chun Internet ah on-line in Admission Test ( BITSAT ) an thawhlak . BITSAT hi AIEEE neka tling harsa lem ania, inchuk tum tamtakin NIT hai nekin an ngaisang / dit lem . Mi pangngai tading chun tlingkawp veve chun BITS, Pilani kha pan vang vang chi anih. Foreign le India ram sunga sin thawna hmu chungchang a khawm IIT hai hi an hnawt phak deu zing anih. Sawrkar ani chie naw leiin sengso ruokchu a tam deu hlek.

e ) AIEEE ring College danghai : (i) Delhi College of Engineering ( DCE ) (ii) Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT) , New Delhi : - Hieng College pahni hai hi Delhi sunga um veve India rama khawm college tha a inlang phak annih. National Capital Territory of Delhi sunga inchukna um hrim hrim a inthawka Class XII (Sc) zo hai tadingin Seat 85 % ( za a sawmriet panga ) an hluo thei a, chu 85 % seat hluo ding chun Common Entrance Test ( CET ) kumtin an buotsai hlak. A bak 15 % chu Delhi puotieng mi , AIEEE - a a thaw tha pawl hai tadingin an sie a , Form hran thelut ngai lovin AIEEE kha anring nghal a, SC/ ST tading chun AIEEE Full mark 540 ah 150 chungtieng hmu hai tadingin beisei ngam chi chau ni ‘ng atih. NIT hai nek in kumkhat sengso chu Rs 20,000 / 30, 000 velin ato lem. Chubakah, hieng college hai (iii) Birla Institute of Technology ( BIT) , Mesra, Ranchi, (iv) Indian Institute of Information Technology ( IIIT) , Allahabad, (v) AB Vajpayee IIIT & Management , Gwalior, (vi) Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology ( KIIT) , Bhubhanesh-war , etc. a hin AIEEE a mark hmu insang pawl hai ( 150 chungtieng) tading chun lut thei an ni a, sengso ruok chu NIT nekin kum khata Rs 30, 000 / 40, 000 velin ansang lem el thei . Hieng Institution dang dang hai hi NIT naran deu hai neka thalem, NIT thatak pawl le intluk thawkkhat a ngai an nih.

f ) College tha danghai : - State quota / Entrance danga lut theina College tha tak tak , NIT tha pawl le khaikhin thei an um nuol bawka, Student pass suok haiin ramsung le rampuo a sin hmu le hlawtam chungchanga le thildanga tu dang khawm an inhnar bik nawh. E.g. (i) Bengal Engineering & Science University ( BESU), Shibpur , (ii) Institute of Technology , Jadavpur Unversity , (iii) PSG, Coimbatore ( iv) Anna University, Chennai le a dang dang.

(g) State Quota a College thlang thei hai. : Ei umna State seng hin Quota an nei vawnga, khawlai hmuna khawm Class XII ( Sc) kha zo inla, Permanent Residents ei nina State Quota kha hni chi anih. State Capital ah Directorate of Higher & Technical Education / Higher Education / Education a hai hin ei lut tum kum April / May thla velah ngaiven chi ning atih.
A hnuoia college a hai hin State quota a inthawkin in chuk mek ani chun, taima takin inchuk la, in college neka tha kha India rama a tam chuong nawh ti hrie zing rawh ,(a that dan indawt ani kher nawh) viz : (i) Jawwarharlal Nehru Technical University ( JNTU), Hyderabad, (ii) College of Engineering, Thiruvananthapuram (iii) Assam Engineering College, Guwahati, ( iv) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Institute of Technology , Bangalore ( v ) PES College of Engineering, Mandhya, (vii) Jorhat Engineering College, Jorhat , ( viii) Coimbatore Institute of Technology , Coimbatore etc etc..
Khi a chunga ei hril ta hai baka khin State quota a fe theina College tha deu deu tamtak a la uma, amiruokchu , fimkhur deu hlek ngai chu tulai hin State Quota ti siin Private College -ah ( a degree lem chu recognized vawng ani ) Student an thawn ta nuol a, State quota a fe hai Admission le Inchukna Fee insang tak tak ahma a hrietlawk na um lova chawi ngai hi a um zeu zeu ta leiin, Seat an mi pek chie khan a College ei hmelhriet zawng ani naw chun, telephone a hai Student umsa / a khawpuia a um hrim hrim awm indawn dawk a, a College chanchin hriet chieng hmasak phawt a tha.
KHAIKHAWMNA : A chung a ei thil ziek a inthawk a inlang hai chu :-

(i) Naupangin Clas XII (Sc) Final a exam kum, a la pass hma si hin , Entrance a ziek an phal vawng a, Class XII an chuk kum , kumtawp tieng October / November vela inthawkin a kumnawk March/ April thla vel chen Form buoipui deu zing a ngai. Professional a fe nuom si , Class XII pass phawt nghak te te hai chun kum khat an pei nuom khawp el.. (ii) Professional Course a fe dingin Class XII ( Sc) marks basis a lutna a vang hle a, Entrance ani tho tho leiin , pass tho ding mark hmu that inring naw leia exam bansan ( Dropped) hi chingnaw a tha. iii) Mi rethei tading chun a thei sung po chu Sawrkar Institution ah inchuk thei inla a tha. Mani sum nei le sengthei dan ngaituo zingin inchuk ding course le inchukna hmun thlangthiem a tha. Sawrkar sinthaw tading lem chun hiengang an thlung huna an hmang ding inkhawl hi tha vieu a tih.
(iv) Private / Trust etc in an indin College hai hi a Admission le an chukpeina a pawisa seng tamtak , a lutna ding khawm entrance ngailo, chanchinbu a in advertise rak rak bawksi hai hlem a um hi ti a um hle.
(v) Hieng College ei ziek hai popo khi a that le that naw chu a chuk pa / nu chunga an nghat lien tak. A tawp taka chu an chuktupa/chuktunu tak khan taimakna , indikna, tumruna hai Pathien ringtu nun indiktak an chuksuokna College le Course bak a tha a um nawh ti kha ei hriet zing dinga ka thucha nuhnung anih.

(Hi article ziektu Pu Zosanglien Zote hi Diger Compound , Cachar, Assam-a piengin, 1985 khan D.M. College of Science, Imphal a inthawk BSc. a zova. 1990 khan Regional Engineering College(Tuta National Institute of Technology), Silchar a inthawk in BE (Civil) a zo nawka. Chu zo chun, Mizoram PWD hnuoiah Assistant Engineer / SDO sin a thaw tan a, vawisun chen hin chu sin chu ala chel mek. Ama hi ei hlasakthiem suong em em, Ruby Zote pa anih. Basic Mual , Ramhlun North, Aizawl-ah khawsain, a biek nuomhai ta ding chun hi a hnuoia contact number-a hin iengtiklai khawm biek thei ran anih: Ph (0389) 234 2832 , 9436141081 (M), e-mail :