Saturday, June 14, 2008

Zomi Information and Resource Center] Alert: Raid of Zomi Refugee Camp (Saturday, June 14, 2008)

There are more than 100000 Zomi Refugees who fled from fear of persecution, prosecution, religious and racial discrimination in Malaysia. They hardly survive their day-to-day living. Many of them stay in the jungle camp for lack of enough money to survive. They face various treat of life and security concern from raid by the authorities.

On Saturday, June 14, 2008 at 12:00 Noon, the RELA raided the Zomi refugee camp Wangsa Permai (Kepong) while the only hope they have on a day to day basis is the security protection of the UNHCR. There were 30 people including, patients, women and children were arrested while the rest (the stronger and faster people) of 40 out of 70 were able to run for their life in the deeper forest.

According to the recent SMS we received 5 minutes ago said, 30 of them were taken to Kota Damansara police station, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The Malaysia authorities raided 18 Zomi refugees including women, minor (children under age), and patients a month ago in April of this year. They were wrongly accused of “Lenggeng camp” fire incident and, were beaten to blood, tortured and treated inhumanly. The pain and suffering of what the Zomi refugees went through in both physically as well as emotionally tumor is in their heart, while this incident doubles the suffering, pain and fear by the Zomi refugees living in Malaysia. However, according to a reliable source among those refugees, the UNHCR have not taken protection for those detained and vulnerable refugees.

“We are not sure of how the UNHCR will respond to today’s incident both to the 30 arrested Zomi refugees as well as those vulnerable people who managed to escape in the jungle spread out here and there” said a 40-year old Zomi refugee woman.

She added that “we have no clue of how to keep in contact with our relatives deep in the jungle as they run for their life in the strange forest.” It would be easy for me if they were arrested by the authority because we’re sure that they are somewhere in the detention camp or in the jail but we now, are worry more for their life in the deep jungle as we have no contact with them while tears.

There are more than ten thousands of Zomi refugees and other ethnic minorities in Malaysia; the UNHCR is the only International Body to protect the vulnerable refugees because Malaysia did not sign the 1951 convention of the Universal Declaration of Humans Right. The UNHCR-Malaysia is the only possible source to give hand and protect the refugees but due to low process, skipping for the Zomi and long queue of vulnerable refugees waiting for refugee recognition in the dangerous jungle camps and any other places they find for survival.

Photos: This is how Zomi refugees in Malay are spending their live for day-to-day survival.

Some Reflections on Naga Cesasefire

By : UA Shimray/IFP

“This is not my farewell to you. My only wish is to fight as a soldier in the battle of idea” - Fidel Castro

Naga people today are a fundamentally unhappy and dissatisfied with the ongoing ceasefire and peace talks. In this decade of ceasefire many “unprecedented activities” are taking place in the Naga hills. But most unfortunate on is recent emergent of “political divides” in the form “ethnic” line. This division led to senseless fratricide killing under the confusion tag of “IM” ands “U.” In other word, Nagas are killing each other. Indeed, peace talks are now in confusing stage. Naga public is dis-heartened and it seem the political talks distant from people. Ceasefire and political talks is rather “deconstructed” into ethnic division and fratricide in the name of “blame-game.” It is a sad episode in the Naga history [ceasefire].

The Indo-Naga peace talks between the [NSCN-IM] and the Government of India has cross one decade. In 2007, “indefinite” ceasefire or “sine die” was declared at lesser known place Dimapur [Nagaland] on July 31st 2007. Hitherto, some Naga people demanded for- “No Solution, No Extension of Ceasefire.” Interestingly, a press statement issued by the Ministry of Information of NSCN-IM flayed the Government of India for what was described as “hurting the sentiment of the Nagas” despite holding 59 rounds of talks.

Ceasefire and “Development activities”

Neo-liberal economic ‘reforms’ in India saw a intense protests against Special Economic Zones [SEZs] in in many places cutting across all sections of people. Way back in 1965, were the Export Processing Zones [EPZs] which are are ‘industrial zones with special incentives to attract foreign investment in which imported materials undergo some degree of processing before being exported again [The International Labour Organisation, 1998]. “EPZs emerged in response to the emergence of finance and global capital as the major economic players, the rapidly accumulating capital that seeks to move out to invest, the growing competition between developing nations to attract foreign direct investment and the thirst of capital to have an unfettered play in the pursuit of profit” [C. R. Bijoy, “Special Economic Zones: Profit At Any Cost,” Memo]. The SEZs thus can be seen as an upgraded version of EPZs based on the “success” model of China. Through SEZs, the Indian state gives further free hand for the market to operate. The giving of primacy to industries over agriculture is part of growth driven development. As a result of this policy there is a bee-line for acquiring fertile agricultural lands. This in fact robs people from their subsistence livelihoods by displacing them permanently

At this backdrop it will be worthwhile to examine the situation in Nagaland. Mr. Rio led DAN Nagaland Government invited multilateral agencies and trustees like Sir Ratan Tata and SEZ. Nagaland, the first state in the northeast that was registered on the map of upcoming SEZs. Two SEZs has been approved. Mr. Pillai, Commerce Secretary said: “The multi-product zone proposed in Nagaland will come up over 400 hectares and land is in possession of the developer” [, July 12, 2007]. A daily from Nagaland reported: “...a group of ministers set up to finalize a relief and rehabilitation policy today decided in Delhi to give state governments discretion to acquire 30 per cent of the land required for an industrial project or special economic zones provided the developer has acquired the balance. State governments can now acquire 30 per cent of the land on behalf of the project developer if the company has already taken 70 per cent of the land in possession.” [The Morung Express, 31st August 2007].

Coincidently, all these mega-development schemes are taking place in the period of ceasefire. Two decades of “silence” the Government of India is keen enough to have parley with the Nagas that also interestingly in so-called liberal and neo-liberal era. Misra [2000: 59] wrote: “Any settlement [with Nagas] would obviously prove to be of great disadvantage to the other militant outfits of the region” [Misra, Udayon. 2000. The Periphery Strikes Back: Challenges to the Nation-State in Assam and Nagaland. Shimla: IIAS]. In this regard, New Delhi’s policy always term Naga political movement as the “mother of insurgency.” In going Misra’s line, New Delhi by any “means” require to tame the Nagas insurgency in the region for economic benefits. As now, the state is enthusiastic to poach North East’s resources, extract properties, and tap the natural-power in the name of development. Therefore, in turn creates doubts over the veracity of the sine die ceasefire reached between New Delhi and NSCN-[IM].

Further the editorial of Economic and Political Weekly [August 4, 2007] wrote: “At the same time, a new rhetoric of development now binds the centre and the north-east into a fresh relationship that does away entirely with the earlier involvement of the local community. For instance, the Democratic Alliance government of Niephiu Rio, elected in 2003, has pursued development aggressively. Recently a multi-product 400 hectare special economic zone was cleared for Nagaland. And the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, in alliance with the Canadian firm Canaro, announced its decision to resume exploration activities in the state 13 years after it was first driven out by the NSCN-IM on grounds that exploration could not continue without the consent of local communities.”


Sometimes reflections cause “uneasiness.” Calcutta based National daily wrote: “By the end of this year, Nagaland might well be exporting ballistic body armour and load-bearing equipment to Baghdad and Washington.” [The Telegraph, April 12, 2007 under the caption of “Armoured for Big Business- Defence equipment firm chooses Nagaland over Malaysia”]. The report claimed that the Armour would acquire about 50 acres land near Dimapur town to prepare armoured vehicles and bullet-proof vests. Mr. Rio’s government is obviously ecstatic as the project promises initial employment for at least 100 people, not to speak of the potential for growth of ancillary units. So, at the expense of 100 people employment Naga-land is ready for the “arm/war-race” company in the land of peace yearning Naga people. Further the report indicates that the products manufactured here have been earmarked for use by the US Allied Forces in Iraq.

One Human Rights activist, Deena comments that: “The political atmosphere is becoming more confused and murkier as there seem to be increased economic or development activities in the state of Nagaland. While those who are involved in the peace process have focused on political issues concerning their future, the Government of India has used cleverly its statecraft to use the economic development programme to undermine the political movement. Even the civil societies have failed to comprehend the ploy of the Indian state in its use of economic development programme to undermine the peace process and divert the attention of people from finding a political solution to the Naga issue [Observation, thoughts and reflections based on interaction with Naga civil Society in Dimapur, Kohima and Mokochung in Nagaland from 26th to 30th July 2006].

With regard to Naga Hills, a new economic incentive is rather observed as “unhealthy” trend. The basic deliberation here is Naga Hills really on the way of “economic-shining,” that would be based on market economy [capitalism]. On the other hand, market has potential tools that will create social classes based on economic assets [so-called middle-class/upper class]. In fact such trend could detour support base of the any socio-political movement in the region. Also, economic policies driven by the neo-liberal economic process would undermine or rather dilute the Naga politics and traditional rights. Or, can economic investment “rescue” Naga political imbroglio? This invite serious thought.


The oldest armed struggle in the region is on ceasefire at the moment. A relatively “peace” is prevails in the Naga hills except unfortunate senseless fratricide killing among the Naga family. No doubt, Naga society also cannot shy away from the wave of economic development. However, the so-called development activities is taking shape not in Naga perspective but in corporate [capitalist] format. Capitalist model only incourage individualism and greed. Most importantly, such wave tag with powerful forces that can dilute not only the Naga political movement but basic value of Nagas’ livelihood. In this juncture, one can reflect upon the Tibet scenario too. The recent N. Ram’s article, “Future Tibet” [Frontline, July 27, 2007] concludes as: “…the future of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the extensive Tibetan autonomous areas that form part of four major provinces will be- in their differentiated and distinctive ways- with one China.” China’s policy in Tibet claims that Chinese government developed the region within a short span of time. Indeed, this is how the Chinese intrinsically maneuver to divert the Tibetan’s political aspirations. New Delhi seems to be emulating the Chinese model not only in the case of SEZs, but also in dealing with the political aspirations of the struggles for self-determination.

1. Institute for Social and Economic Change [ISEC], Bangalore 560072.


NREGS wages to be routed through banks to evade militants

By : A Staff Reporter

IMPHAL, Jun 13: Wages to card holders under National Rural Employment Generation Scheme, NREGS will be distributed through banks, officials said today adding that the work of opening bank accounts for the job card holders would start soon.

In the meantime, the director of the NREGS, Nitin Chandra who is currently camping in Manipur inspected the implementation process of India’s flagship employment programme in Chandel district. He is scheduled to visit Tamenglong district also tomorrow where the scheme was first taken up in Manipur.

The move for payment of wages to the job card holders of NREGS in Manipur was apparently made considering the disturbance faced by the village authorities and government authorities in distributing the wages in cash directly to the beneficiaries.

It also aims to prevent the militants collecting money from the wages of the villagers by force in the hill areas of the state.

Mention may be made that in Churachandpur district on many instances, militants collected job cards from the villagers and took away the wages.

In a recent case on May 31 last, as many as 26 villagers who requested militants not to take a percentage from their wages for works done under the National Rural Employment Generation Scheme, NREGS in Churachandpur district were beaten badly by suspected cadres of the Kuki National Army, KNF(MC) leaving five of them with severe injuries.

The villagers of Kangathei village in Churachandpur district were summoned by the cadres of the outfit yesterday morning for holding talks in connection with the deduction of percentage from their wages at Tuibeyang village where the cadres of the outfit were taking shelter.

On other hand, there are also reports that works under NREGS in Chandel district are not being taken up properly. Villagers complained they were given wages for 50 days only even as the scheme promised to give them jobs for 100 days in a year.

In Manipur the implementation of the flagship programme first started in Tamenglong district which was included among the 200 districts selected for the scheme across the country for the NREGS first phase in 2005.

In the second phase, Churachandpur and Chandel districts came under the scheme followed by other districts. Now with the enforcement of NREGS Act across the state of Manipur, it has been extended to all the districts.

Job cards provided to each family will remain valid for five years and such schemes can be taken up to conserve water, protect forests, improve irrigation canals and drains and develop village roads.

The Manipur Information Centre at New Delhi has recently informed that out of 86,458 households, who demanded employment under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), 64,458 households were provided employment during 2007-08.

Official sources at the ministry of rural development said that all 20,024 households, which demanded employment in Tamenglong and 44,434 households in Churachandpur district, were provided employment during the period.

Of the Rs. 2553.06 lakhs allotted under the programme for Manipur, Rs. 2078.48 lakhs was spent during the period, in which Tamenglong got Rs. 652.87 lakhs, Churachandpur Rs. 1765.68 and Chandel got Rs. 134.51 lakhs.

Total works under the programme were 1232 of which only two have been completed.

During the period, 15.34 lakhs man days were generated in the state, sources said.


UEFA - 2008 — III

By Mimin Haokip

So far 12 matches have been played and we all are witnessing Eoru top socceer mania.. Best footballers of all teams are in action playing football of a life time since EURO is better known as one of the prestigious football shows (2nd after FIFA World Cup) but in the end one has to be the winner and another’s a graceful loser. The better team of the day wins..

So far in each Team has “Men of Substance.” Here’s a list of players with the skill to leave and indelible impacts in the ongoing extravagant bonanza. Croatia and Portugal are the two countries already in the last 8 (eight) who will be the next ? Any way during this action pack clash in the pitch. Portugal and Croatia produced new stars in the likes of FC Porto key player Raul Meireless, another Porto player Ricardo Quaresma and just like Cristiano Ronaldo filling Luis Figo shoes. One player who is playing a role of already retired Rui Costa, Joao Moutinho (regarded as new Rui Costa) of Sporting Lisbon, and not to forget last year Real Madrid new signing Pepe, all this new Portugeuse players are the future and another team who are already into last 8 Croatia. Since their debut in EURO-96, Croatia is also a force to reckon with the brilliant display of Luka Modric (Tottenham) and another England-based players of Portsmouth Nikokra Njcar, Danio Simic (AC Milan) Igor Budan (Parma) not to forget a player who almost quit football due to heart problem. Ivan Klasnic (Werder Bremen) Ivon was out of action due to heart transparent surgery and bounced back by scoring a hattrick for Werder Bremen in the German Cup against Hamburg and now permanent fixture in Croatian national team.

So we approached midway through the competition. GROUP ‘B’ leaders Portugal after two wins they are the first team progress then the knock out round (Last 8). So, they will be joined by another 7 Nations in the coming days. So all Football fraternity in Manipur are keeping their finger across as to “who will be them?” So we better wait and watch some of the stars in the ongoing championship. This is a platform to grab player opportunists with both hands. Those who have already stolen the show such a Polished-German Lucas Podolski David Villa, Wesley Sneiders, Ibrahmovich, Fabregas, Van Parse etc. But some players who are yet to make impacts such as Gomiz Benjama, Ibrahim Afellay Flamini.Deco, Robben, Van Nistelrooy, etc, are still going strong so far.

So watch out for this player football Pundits who are focusing but do the talking while doing their National Colours. So far, here are some of the ups and downs (high and low of the competitions) among the 16 teams.

Here are the list of players who will be on the verge of standouts during the later stage of the EURO - 2008: Netherland’s 20 yrs old PSV Eindhoven Academy product Ibrahim Affelay, top scorer for Ajax. Amterdam 2007/08 season as well as top scorer in European Under -20 National Cup in 2006 won by Holland Klass Jan Huntelaar and Belgium bonn Zeeuw (Az Alkmaar) (Austria) Emanual Pogatez (Middlesbrough) and Jaochim Standfest (Austria Vienna) (Spain) David Villa ( Valencia) and Ruben de la Rio (Getafe) ( France) Befetimbi Gomis (St Etiienne), who emulate Zinadine Zidane by scoring two goals in his debut match for France and Algebnia bonn 20 yrs Lyon Top scorer Karim Benzema (Turkey), Hard charging defensive midfield player Hamit Altintop (Bayern Munich), Swedish Kim Kalstrom (Olympique Lyon), a regular Lyon players winning 3 French League medal winner on the front since 2004/06. There are more rising stars to come up with blaze of glory in the EURO - 2008.


Notes on Wisemen Playing Fool’s Ball - II

By Donn Morgan Kipgen

Since not every supremely gifted players are Johann Cruyff, Kaiser Beckenbeaur, Maradona, George Best, Platini, Jairjinho and Garrincha and Vava, any tactical switch or change of role for all-round player (s) before or during the course of play by Manager-coach would more often than not distabilise or visibly upset the sound rhythm of the teamwork. Ironically, Beckenbeaur’s W Germany lifted the first FIFA WC Trophy in 1974 with total Football against the Dutch inventing team captained by the original “libero” Johann Cruyff !!! More ironically, “Kaisar” Beckenbeaur, his dislocated arm strapped to his chest, outrageously lost to Sir Alfred Ramsey’s “Wingless Wonders” (without any winger in 4-4-2 formation) with “the Goal that never was” in 1966 WC Final. Geoff Hurst’s most controversial Hattrik winning goal (3+2), with just 5 minutes left to go, did beat the German’s Keeper only to smash the underside of the bear which landed down right onto the goalline and rebound off into the play but one unEnglished centre-forward made a claim, not Hurst the English gentleman. Much to the horror of the Germans, the Russian linesman emphatically nobbed his head twice and pointed his flag towards the centre-half when the Swiss Referee consulted him in unknown “dialect”, a physical gesture, which forced the more confused refree to outrageously gifted the most decisive ever goal in WC Final match. The Swiss Refree was using French whereas the asst refree answered in Russian since both of them just could not converse in English, in England of all places, with 11 Englishmen on the field and 11 Germans who naturally knew the English language!!! This most controversial “goal, apart from Maradona’s Hand of God (most ironically against England in Maxico ‘86 Qtr Fnl), actually led to the creation of new FIFA rules which stipulated that an International refree should know or have working knowledge on atleast 2 foreign languages.

But outrageously, the Swiss referee Golfried Dienst was once again used to referee in the coming up Euro-1968 final match in which another controversial “goal” was gifted to Italy against Yugoslavia (2-1).

Football is not only a crazy game, it’s also a funny game jargons and confusing field-positional terms ever the first set of rules and regulations was introduced in 1925 in England. Even today’s footballing world still is laced with orthodox terms or phrases which are not only used with good authority and in proper sense by great football writers who correctly used universally known terms or jargons for readers’ benefit. However, the generally known football terms and phrases are vague and thus unable or could not be used to describe the exact positions and their in-field roles, nor could the player’s field of expertise be described with, as it ought to be shown. Since 1950s 1-3-4-3 and 1-4-3-4 formations started by Ferenc Puskas’ Hungary “the Magic Magyars,” refined by the ever compact Italians’ in 1960s called “Centannacio” and perfected as 1-4-2-4, 1-3-4-3 with two exceptional wingers operating in the flanks by the Brazilians in 1960 and 70s (Winning 1958, 62 and 1970 WCs), things radically changed in terms of specialised roles and on-field positional switches with remarkable success as a result of having highly talented footballers in all roles.

Then came the so-called “Total Football” with an all-rounder dubbed “Libro” and defenders operating at will as “Sweepers” with highly skilful midfielders switched their roles as accomplished wingers as and when required during the match. Perfected the Dutchmen under the most versatile half-back Johan Cruyff, who learnt from Ajax Amsterdam FC, the Germans under Franz Beckenbauer beat them 2-1 on their own “all=players’ game in the memorable World Cup Final match in 1974. Without the service of Cruyff, Holland painfully lost to host Argentina in the extra time of the 1978 WC Final (3 -1). Had the left-winger Rossenbrink’s superb shot in the 90th minute hit the inside of the right hand goal post after dodzing off two Argentine defenders and the goal-keeper, instead of the middle spot, Holland would have deservedly won the 1978 World Cup. With that glorious end of original total Football, a well-set game of football with new footballing terms came to the fore. The midfield system was the creation of artistic Brazilians whereas the Italians perfected the 4-man defence system with a mid-fielder operating deep within his own half. So, where do we put the defenders, midfielders, strikers, sweepers, etc, at their on field regular positions?

Football is a game of 11 players aside with one tending the goal. The most regular formation are 1-4-4-2, 1-4-3-3 and 1-4-2-4. There are 2 full-backs as the central defenders, 1 left back and 1 right back operating as sweepers (like Reberto Carlos). In front of these full-backs, 2 or 3 centre-halves operate as central mid-fielders whereas the half-backs wing halves, patrol the left right flanks as wingers. Player who operates in central midfield as ball-winner and ball-passer is commonly known as centre-half in the good old days whereas players who operate on either side of the central medfield were designated as “Half-back”, especially in the 1-3-5-2 system or the famous WM formations. In 1958, the Brazilians, as gifted as they were in their individual roles, like Puskas’s “magic Magyars” Hungarian team of 1954 WC and EURO-’52, officially introduced the attacking centre-half to assist the 2 centre forwards and using the orthodox half-backs as goal scoring wingers.

Actually, British pulled back 2 or 3 forwards out of 4 or 5 forwards to assist the 2 “midfielders” to exploit the vast open opposition flanks since there were just 2 full-backs and a half-back in 1-2-4-4 or 1-2-3-5 system. Sir Alf Ramsey’s English team won the 1966 World Cup without having a regular winger in a 1-4-4-2 longball tactic, still dubbed sarcastically as “Wingless Wonders” for their astounding match winning displays against the mighty Germans, Argentina and outstanding back-to-back World Cup winners Brazil. As a host nation, sir Ramsey had over 50,000 to 80,000 ‘royal fans”, self-belief, Brazil without Garrincha, Didi, Vava, etc, and of course, the neutral Swiss refree Gottfried Dienst and the Russian Linesman to earn the “Goal that never was”, the most controversial in World Cup history, the most decisive goal in WC Final match. Instead of being “Darell Haired or Steve Bucknored” in test cricket, the Swiss Referee Dienst once again “gave” a goal, a match winner, to Italy in the Euro-’68 Final match against Yugoslavia. Well in 2006 WC, the English referee, Graham Poll presented as many as three yellow cards to one single player before producing the Red Card!!!


Panic stricken villagers flee homesteads, UGs clash claim civilian in Saikul

By Our Staff Reporter

IMPHAL, Jun 13: Continued violence between two armed Kuki groups in Saikul area has had its first civilian casualty in the death of a villager today even as panic stricken villagers have started fleeing from the hostile environment.

The victim identified as Paokhogin Lhungdim of Molkon Bazar was reportedly struck dead by strayed bullets.

A jawan of 2nd IRB (Rifleman no. 1299640), Paokhogin was reportedly staying at his village after a bout of sickness.

According to information received by the press, consequent to exchange of heavy firing which took place between the armed cadres of two Kuki outfits at Molkon area, 2.5 kms north of Saikul Police Station in Senapati district today, panic stricken villagers of Molkon area have fled and taken shelter at the Saikul Bazar Church or with their relatives.

Exchange of firing broke out early morning and continued till 11 am. Following the incident, hundreds of villagers from Molkon area like Molkon Bazar, Molkon, Zenglen, C Isan, Nakphai, Vaichon, Pangjang and Tingkouphai, etc fled to safer places. Around 2000 people are settling in Molkon area.

Sound of gun firing were also reportedly heard yesterday afternoon.

Last Monday, three UGs were killed in the clash. Since then villagers have started fleeing from the area.

SP of the district said that although no official report on the clash has been received, tension has been running high between the two Kuki outfits.

DC of Senapati district said that no definite information on villagers fleeing from Saikul area has been received so far. Nonetheless, the SDO has been asked to submit a report in this connection.

Though no police personnel were seen going to the site of the clash, a team of Assam Rifles has reportedly left for the area today. Whether the AR team has reached the site or not could not be confirmed till the time of filing this report.

One social worker Haopu Lupheng, who is looking after the needs of the displaced villagers, lamented over the failure of the State Police Department and the district administration to despatch police personnel or the SDO to monitor the situation of lawlessness prevailing in the area.

Meanwhile, a joint meeting of KSO General Headquarters, KUMHUR and KWU held today has strongly condemned the standoff between Kuki armed outfits in Saikul area which has inflicted civilian casualties and untold hardships to the poor villagers of the area.

Informing this in a statement, information and publicity secretary of KSO Paotinthang said Kuki people are very much alarmed over this unfortunate development of thoughtless action on the part of the armed groups who call themselves revolutionaries fighting for the cause of the people. These fratricidal killings must stop before it goes out of hand.

At the same time, the joint meeting felt that the increasing number of refugees and death toll could have been avoided if the Government had acted on time and demanded the Government to take necessary actions and measures to disperse the armed groups without any delay before more civilian dead bodies are recovered.

The Government must also do the needful to restore peace and calm so that the displaced villagers could go back to their homes to lead normal life, the statement added.


Thursday, June 12, 2008

Chawiliendawmdawi toh kisai a soiselna om CCMRA in hilhchian, Tuni’n mi 14 in damna ngah nawn

Lamka, June 11: Lamka khopi apan Km 3 vel a om Saikot a Chawilien Cancer Medicine Research Agency (CCMRA) toh kisai leh a nasepdan tuamtuam thuthang diklou om chih ziakin CCMRA information and publicity secretary Joseph L. Infimate in tuni’n press conference sam hi.

Hiai hun a Mr L Infimate in press-te’ mai a a genna ah, Saikot a om Shri Chawilien Hmar (Saikot Doctor) in ‘Chawilien Damdawi’ toh kisai a sep ding a kul leh poimoh bangkim semzel dia, April, 2008 a Chawilien Cancer Medicine Research Agency (CCMRA) kichi bawlkhiak a om ahihdan gen hi. CCMRA toh kisai L Fimate in hilhchetna a bawlna ah, hiai Agency in Saikot a om Chawilien Hmar’ inn mun mahmah a, Care Centre 1 neilel ahihdan gen a, hiai mun chauh a, singteh louhing apat damdawi bawlkhiak leh a thawn a hawmkhia ahihdan gen hi.

Chawilien’ Cancer Agency toh kisai thuthang diklou khenkhat om L Infimate in press-te’ mai a hilhchetna ah, CCMRA chihlouh mun dang koimah a Agency neilou ahihdan gen hi. L Infimate in a genzelna ah, mipite khualna ziak leh, ngetna a muh dungzui a, Department of Life Science, Manipur University toh 4th May, 2008 a Agreement suai kai uh hi’n gen hi. Hiai kilemna toh kisai L Infimate in a genna ah, Scientific Investigation of Anti-Cancer Property in the Chawilien’s Cancerdamdawi kichi research khat, ‘Chawilien Damdawi’ Life Science Department, MU in bawl ding hi’n gen a, Agreement a bawl dungzui ua research chauh petmah bawlthei ding ahihdan gen hi.

Chawilien Damdawi a sianthou louh ziak a damtheihhuailou chi a newspaper khenkhat in a suah uh toh kisai L Infimate in a hilhchetna ah, pilvangtak leh ngenteltak a Chawiliendamdawi bawlkhiak a om ahihdan CCMRA in kimuangtak leh thei-chiantak a genkhe ngam hi’n gen hi. Damdawi, mipite’ lak a hawmkhiakna toh kisai L Infimate in a genna ah, CCMRA in Chawilien damdawi zalentak in a thawn in hawmkhia a, mipite’n leng amau’ deihtelna leh a mau’ ki-ngamna ziak a damdawi la leh dawn uh ahihdan gen, a damdawi dawn ziak uh hiam, thildang ziak hiam a, damdawi a dawnzoh ua, a tung ua, thil deihhuailou tung a omleh Agency hi’n Chawilien Hmar hileh, a moh pua omlou ding ahihdan leng gen hi. Chawilien’ damdawi, mipite’n a mau’ utna ziak liuliau ua a dawn uh ahihdan L Infimate in a etsakna a genna ah, hiai damdawi bawlkhetu Chawilien chihlouh, a mah damdawi bawl dawn ziak a dam masa penpen Lalhmangai w/o Lalremruot a dam dan gen hi. L Infimate in a gendan in, Chawilien a damzoh sawtlou in cancer ziak a damlou a lupna ngak Saikot a om Lalhmangai w/o Lalremruot, a damdawi a dawn utleh dawn utlouh thu dong a, himahleh, phutluihlou ahihdan leng hilh hi. L Infimate in a genzelna ah, Ms Lalhmangai in leng damdawi gingta a adawn leh, dam ahihdan gen hi.

L Infimate in a gendan in, Mr Chawilien i chih, pastor leh elder leng hilou, mi maimai 1 ahihdan gen a, himahleh, amah leh a damdawi lunggulh a damdawi la, mi lakh- 2 phial bang phata ahihdan gen hi. Tuni Nilaini in leng mi 14 dam ua, hiaite’ lak ah, Keishamthong, Imphal a om a kal kaal a cancer nei Sophia (24) kichi khat leng dam a, a neu apat mitdel Sumrei (14) s/o Damhring of Truchumba, Chandel leng dam tuabanah blood cancer L.Ngamboi (54) of Sielmat leng damsiang hi.

L Infimate apat thu kimu dan in, nitaklam dak 7 vel ding apat meiteite leh pangalte damdawi la ut in kivual ua, a panmun uh a mansak ding uh a lauh ziak ua, innsung a giak dia leng sapkhiakzohlouh a om uh hi’n gen a, meiteite 200 val in leng a baan ua a butte uh haltum uh ahihdan gen hi. L Infimate in a genzelna ah, Bible leng a deih a tam luat ziak un niteng in hawmkhia ua, tamtak hawmkheta uh ahihdan gen a, damloute khenkhat in Chawilien’ puan leh a khe khawng khoihle uh dam dia a kigintak ziak ua, a sawkpunpun pawl bang om uh ahihdan leng gen hi.

Tutan a damdawi koi laklak apat mu uh hiam chih dotna a L Infimate in a dawnna ah, Kotlian lam apat hideuh hi’n gen a, bag khat Rs 20 a leizel uh ahihdan gen a, damdawi bawlna dia kizang singteh pen, sing khang nuam mahmah chi ahihziakin vangphathuai tuanse ahihdan leng gen hi. L Infimate in a gendan in, midang in Chawilien’ damdawi ‘patent’ ana bawl ding uh lauh ziak a, amau’ Agency in ‘patent’ bawlna dia panla ahihdan leng gen hi.

Cancer damdawi kei muhkhiak masak ahi - Darhmingliana Famhoite
Sum-le-pai etlahna ziak lel ahizaw - CCMRA

IMPHAL, June 11 NNN: Manipur University in Saikot a Chawilien in cancer damdawi a muhkhiak a ‘damdawi’ om taktak ahihdan chetna a bawl zoh nung un Saikot khomi mah Darhmingliana Famhoite in hiai damdawi amau sungkuan in muhkhe masa leh zang masa uh ahihdan thuthak saite kiang ah gen hi. Tuni Nilaini a Darhmingliana Famhoite in a genna ah Chawilien leng aman hiai damdawi zang a a etkol masak ahihdan gen hi’n thusuak in taklang hi.

Saikot High School a Headmaster Darhmingliana Famhoite in Nilaini a a genna ah, hiai damdawi ama pa (L) Hniepa in zang masapen a, huangvulh-gantate a damlouh chiang ua etkolna dia a zat zel hi’n gen hi. Darhmingliana in a gendan in Chawilien leng a sanggam (pate unau) hi a, damdawi inn tuamtuam a etkol dia amah mahmah in a taivialpih hi’n gen hi. A natna theihkhiak ahih in damdawi inn apat, innmun a ki-etkol a utna bang in damdawi inn apat Chawilien pawtsak in om hi. A natna ziak a a bil kiang a bawk leng hiai damdawi ziak a March 2007 a mang hi’n Darhminglian in Chawilien damna tungtang gen hi.

Huai banah, hiai damdawi kepbitna dia Manipur Society Registration Act 1989 nuai a 25 May 2008 a The New Life Herbarium Society (415 of 2008) min ana khum hi’n Darhmingliana in gen a, hiai damdawi chiing dia Mizoram a pem dia Mizoram Health Minister apat chialna mu mahleh Manipur in hiai damdawi tung a thuneihna a mansuah khak ding lauhna ziak a chialna pomlou ahihdan gen hi.

Hiai damdawi suina dia May 31 a six-member committee kibawlkhia ahihdan leh huai committee a Dr H Birkumar, Scientist in-charge, North East Institute of Science and Technology; Dr Th. Sobita, Botany department, DM College of Sciences, Imphal; Kh Rakesh, Manipur Science and Technology Education College (MASTEC), Prof N Rajmohan, Manipur University chemistry department; Th. Brojendro, Oriental college; leh Sukumar Haobam, industrial designer tel uh hi’n leng gen hi. Committee in damdawi toh kisai sui mahle uh tutan a bangmah muhsuah taktak neilou uh hi’n thusuak in taklang hi.

Darhmingliana in hiai damdawi ama muhkiak masak hidan a a gen toh kisai in Lamka Post in Chawilien Cancer Medicine Research Agency (CCMRA), media i/c a houpihna ah Darhmingliana pen lehkhasiam, mi fel leh piltak ahihman in ‘patent rights’ tungtawn a sum tamtak muhtheihna ahihdan a theih ziak a hiai bang a kampau nei ahihman in thupi ngaihlou uh ahihdan Lamka Post palai theisak hi.

The Lamka Post June 12, 2008

Saikot a Pu Chawilien Herbal Medicine la diinga mipi kiguolte

Chawilien Herbal Medicine

Chawilien Herbal Medicine

Chawilien Herbal Medicine

Picture Source:


Lalrinawmi Ralte


I belong to the Presbyterian Church of Mizoram. The Mizo people once believed in an indigenous religion, but in 1894 Christianity was brought to Mizoram by the Welsh Presbyterian Church. Today, ninety three per cent of the population is Christian.

I will begin my reflection paper with my own experience in the church. After my graduation from theological school in 1985, I worked in the Synod Office of the Mizoram Presbyterian Church. Here I was made aware of the extent to which I was oppressed and treated as inferior in my work place because I was a woman. Not only will the Synod not ordain me or other women, but we are also refused promotion to leadership positions.

It was in developing a new consciousness of myself as a woman that I began questioning these injustices especially as the Mizo church continued to exclude me and other women from religious leadership, both lay and ordained.

My gender gave me a marginalized and secondary status in the church. I was put in a position where I was not allowed to express my feelings about the injustices done to me by the church. I did not dare raise any questions about the church, because it was not the church's custom to have authority challenged. In the name of God and at the expense of justice, the patriarchal church continues to make people obedient and to silence them, especially women and the poor.

I began to search for the place a woman might occupy in the church. Mizo women are almost all Christians and regular church goers, and yet the church does not allow women positions of authority and recognition. If a woman attempts to cross over this line, she will be chastised and may even be excommunicated from the church. Within this system there is very little space for a woman to be truly Christian and truly herself as a woman and a whole person.

My qestions were: Where were the sources of the problems? Why was the ministry of women problematic? Why were women evangelists and missionaries increasing day by day in spite of restrictions imposed on them? On the other hand, why were many women leaving the church and forming their own religious groups? The answer to my questions seemed to be that the church was a community where neither spiritual satisfaction nor healing was possible for many women. The church reacts to the situation by saying that women who leave the church are "going the wrong way." This I believe is an inadequate response because the church avoids the real problems by blaming the victim (women) rather than searching within itself.

It is important to articulate a liberation theology that could lead to a religious transformation for women and men. In order to do this, I would like to go back to the early Mizo society and to do a careful analysis of the status of women in the indigenous religion in order to find out whether there elements which empower women and help them in their struggle for justice.

As I have studied Mizo history and folktales, I have seen that there is a tradition of women being very important in the Mizo society and in religious life. This happened even within the strongly patriarchal Mizo structure. Women were once considered the upholders of the culture and of religious life. Why this did not continue once Christianity was brought to Mizoram is an important question to ask.

There has been an attempt to neglect and forget the role of women in traditional culture and religious life. What Christianity seems to have maintained are the Mizo patriarchal oppressive structures that were used as a tool for dominating women.

In the beginning of Christianity in Mizoram, the missionaries licensed some men to preach in the churches. So, the elderly men whom they trusted most became elders and those elders preached in the church. The elders interpreted the Bible according to their biblical knowledge which was very limited. There were many inaccuracies and misinterpretations of the Bible.

The Bible is like a Taitiang1 stick for Mizos. One end of the stick is pointed and the other end is curled. A pointed stick is used to hit people and even kill them. The other end is used to save people from falling, i.e. to save their lives. In Mizoram the Bible is used like a pointed stick to attack women. Some women die and some women are wounded. The wounded woman needs healing. On the other hand women have found liberating passages in the Bible.

This feminist re-reading of the Bible will be discussed from the cultural perspectives. Culture and tradition played an important part for the Mizo people. Whenever the discussion on women’s ordination in the church, or the partnership of men and women in the church, the common problem is often someone said, ‘we are not culturally ready to accept women as partner and equal in the church.’ Therefore, feminist bible study will be dealt from the cultural perspectives.

The woman accused of adultery (John 7:53-8:11)

I would like to look at the above texts to show how the Bible has been used to degrade women. This text is about a woman accused of adultery.

For Mizo Christians, the law of the church interpreted sex as bad, woman's body as dirty, and menstruation as shameful because when a woman is menstruating, she has to hide. She is afraid that others will know of her menstruation. With this idea, the church developed two different ceremonies for marriage. The first ceremony is for virgins, and the second ceremony is for people who have had sex before marriage. To get married in the second ceremony is shameful, but the first is honorable. Adultery was considered to be sexual intercourse outside marriage. According to Mizo law, adultery was the greatest sin for women. A wife was prohibited from having sex outside marriage because she herself was the property of her husband. A wife was bought in marriage; her husband had control over her. A husband had every right to do whatever he liked with his property. When a wife commits adultery, she breaks the patriarchal law by taking power for herself. Being the property of her husband, she has no right to do this. Therefore, the sin of adultery was unforgivable and the punishment was unavoidable. This is structural problem that traps women. It is a matter of the power men exercise in having control over women. This text has been used to reinforce the prohibition against women's adultery. In this text the woman accused of adultery is brought to Jesus.

Traditional Interpretation of the Text

At Samsuih village in Mizoram,2 when they heard about the Gospel of John's passage in early Mizo Christianity, they were surprised and said, "Oh, adultery must be the greatest sin in the world because even in Jesus' time the adulteress woman was to be stoned to death." So they took precautions against women committing adultery. Women had to sit facing the walls in the church so that they would not see the preachers and men in the congregation in order to avoid adultery.3 None of the women, whether married or unmarried, escaped this precaution which was imposed upon them.

The sensitivity of the relationship between men and women were very strong even in other churches as well. At Phulpui church, men and women were not allowed to dance together at the revival service. The elders stood between men and women while singing and dancing as a partition wall to divide them.4 Also in Lungkawlh village, bamboos were used to divide men and women in the worship singing.5

Some Mizo men believed that the culture of Jesus and their Mizo culture were the same, both hating adultery and both punishing it with the death penalty. The Mizos gave more importance to the cultural law of Jesus' time than to the Gospel message. Through this passage from John's Gospel, Mizos believed that their patriarchal law was natural and was ordained by God.

Most Mizo men tend to believe that they can interpret the Bible to their own advantage. They failed to look at the central message, which was that Jesus did not condemn the woman but rather condemned the men who were stoning her.

Since its establishment of the church the church continues to be very patriarchal because women were excluded right from the beginning of Christianity. Not only the church people were sensitive, according to Upa Chalhnuna, the decision for excommunication and welcome to full membership were decided by a full male member of the church. Women had no voice.6

Power Over Women

As we have mentioned earlier, women’s sexuality in Mizo religious life was controlled in relation to ‘paradise.’ In Christianity women’s sexuality is controlled in the socio-cultural context. Sexuality was powerful and was dangerous. Women posses the powerful force of sexuality.

We may ask the question, “Why do men see woman’s sexuality as powerful and dangerous?” Sexuality was related to blood and fertility. Blood is powerful because it is life. Since blood is related to fertility, that is related to reproduction. Men who believed they were the owners of the generations wanted to control the family line. To purify their family line, men controlled woman’s sexuality.

We really need to see how the manipulation of the theological interpretation of the Bible oppresses women. The distortion of Bible interpretation makes Mizo women fearful of the Bible.

It is clear that the cultural degradation of women is a tool of women's oppression in the Mizo society. Some of us may stop saying that the "adulterous woman is bitten by tiger." It is important to remember the importance of seeing how our language hurts others. It is really important to stop using the myth of the tiger to justify our prejudice against women. Even though it is a hurtful story for women, it is important to remember because simply to forget does not make a woman's life better. It is a dangerous memory, but let us remember for the hope of a better life for women in the future.

So this biblical interpretation of John 8 became the tool for the dehumanizing of women because the oppressive interpretation is used to attack women like the pointed Taitiang stick. It is a story of death but not life from death. It is a disempowering story.

Mizo women were vulnerable. Women were threatened with death by the laws imposed upon them. Women were abused because they were guilty of sexual activity. Women were rejected because they were dirty because of her sexual behavior.

I would like to use the symbol of a 'stone' to show the attacks on women both in the Biblical and in Mizo traditional interpretation. Here stone image is not used in a general sense of women's attacking tools, but stone is an image I am developing for the reflection of this adultery passage of the Bible. Since sexuality is so powerful, men have used their own interpretation of this Biblical text as a tool to control women. For this the symbol of stoning was important.

Symbol of Stones for Mizo Women

For Mizo women, stones are symbolic of any issue that attacks women. Any negative attitude towards women that degrades women's life situation is stones. For example, if we continue to believe that the derogatory sayings about women in the past are true, it is like throwing stones at women. Behaviors that make women inferior and powerless are symbols of stones. Any idea that encourages women to identify with or integrate with the patriarchal church is a stone of death. Any law that does not protect women, such as the one by which a woman cannot inherit her husband's property, is a stone thrown at her. Any prohibition that restricts women's full participation in the church is a stone. Any action that imprisons women either physically or mentally is stones of death. The patriarchal structure that pushes women into poverty is a stone. Any virtue that keep women silent such as 'silence is virtue for Mizo women as a stone. Any preconception that inhibits women's liberation is a stone. Any life situation that disempowers divorced women is a stone.

These symbols of oppression push women into a denial of their existence as persons. We ignore our lives and see our experience as unimportant. We are separated from each other by rejecting each other. We deminish others and ourselves. We close our eyes to see the empowering life from others. We do not challenge the policy that oppresses the less privileged and less advantaged people.

Feminist Re-Interpretation of the Bible

The interpretation of the Bible missed the point of the message at Samsuih village because it was interpreted with man’s interest at heart. The fulfillment of the Gospel has not reached Mizo women yet. Instead women believe that they received what they deserved, because the church told them to feel that way. We need to reinterpret the text so that we can appreciate the wonderful contributions of women in the church because they were more active than men in receiving the Gospel were. We need a feminist liberation theology that transforms the oppressive family structure where the father is the head and the wife and children are the property, which was reinforced by the church. We need feminist social structures to reject the social structure that excludes women from leadership in the society, which was reinforced in Christianity.

We need radical feminist critique to change the hermeneutical privilege of men into the hermeneutical privilege of the poor and women. We need an empowerment of the Holy Spirit to reject what is the oppressive for women and oppressed people, and to proclaim the inclusiveness of the Gospel. When I heard about this text and its interpretations, it made me wonder and ask the question, "What has our Christian theology to do with the lives of women?"

Men blamed women for the cause of adultery. Sexual intercourse was basically between men and women. Men created the problem but they refused to do justice to women. It was a life without love; justice was destroyed. It was a life of men hating women where there was no caring. Men rejected women as equals and controlled their lives. It was a miserable life in which we could not see the good heart in each life. Men continue to blame women as the only source of this problem and started a smoke in our life, and from the smoke we cough, and from the cough we die. This was a death-dealing issue, so we cannot minimize men's control over women.

In this story it was the behavior of the men, who wanted to stone the women, which was condemned. The mentality of the men was that she deserved the penalty.
I want to reinterpret the above passage so that it is liberating for women. Today we may not physically stone women to death for sexual intercourse. But still we continue to stone women to death symbolically. We the Christians have a tendency not to accept that we are all created in the image of God and we reject women due to patriarchalism.

In this text the woman was rejected because she lived an uncontrolled life. She felt confused by feelings of desire and betrayal. According to her accusers she breaks God's law but in the process becomes visible to Jesus. This woman's bad situation turns out to be the window opening for her liberation, and her life is uplifted. Her bad experience gives her a possibility of new life; "go and sin no more" is equal to "don't get stuck in that." Women who come forward are more dangerous than those who are silent are.

Jesus was not seen as using his power over, but it was power out of him. Here power is something Jesus put into practice. Jesus gives responsibility to others. Jesus is the one who offers God's forgiveness. Jesus is the source of life giving grace. Jesus' role is a model for justice making.

The challenge to re-do this text for me is a life saving responsibility since our male pastors interpret the Gospel in a way that suppress Mizo women. The great challenge of this text is to focus on the empowerment for women. The dialogue between the woman and Jesus and its consequences are the greatest story for women. This is the deepest theology and the most life-giving story for Mizo women. We see the theology of the "Compassion of Jesus." Jesus did not leave her alone; instead he continued to have a dialogue with her. Jesus gave her a way to free her from all the oppressive ropes, and to release her from the tie. We see a gospel story of forgiveness from cultural sin. Sinning and punishment was not the final destiny for the woman, instead forgiveness follows. Forgiveness is more important than sinning. The woman was forgiven. This is a "theology of transformation and liberation." The situation was changed from death to a transformed life. This transformed life is liberation.

This is a theology of 'discipleship.' This discipleship is a personal life by self-examination. This is a call of oneself to learn not to be judgmental, but having new eyes for seeing others. The judgment is not in our hands. We have a "theology of the shifting of perspectives" through the teachings of Jesus. We see the politics here and we see how the woman was used as a political weapon. We see a woman who is trapped by culture delivered by Jesus, so this is a story of deliverance. We see "a theology of sexuality" in which one society's perception is condemned by Jesus. These are the healing stories for women. This is an inclusive theology for women. This is a gospel of acceptance, irrespective of sex. One who came to seek help was helped. One who seeks justice got justice. One who was lost was found. One who was outside the community was taken inside the community. One who is rejected is welcomed. One who has never had a life got a joyful life.

Through interaction and integrity, culture challenges the Bible and the Bible challenges culture. So, this traditional oppressive interpretation of the text can be changed to be liberating and healing for Mizo women, and many other women who are also trapped by the cultural degradation of women.

Bible is still seen as androcentric text because we have a male God. This male God had little to do with women. The interpretation was very oppressive for Mizo women because they do not uplift women’s status. Instead male theologians used the Bible to justify their own prejudiced attitude towards women. So, the Bible cannot be called a neutral book. It is used as a political weapon against women's struggle for liberation. Mizo male theologians have used their patriarchal God to establish the inferior role and nature of women based on the Bible. Their use of the Bible justifies the position of men and women in the society. We need a liberating Bible that gives women a central role. We need a Bible that moves women from sideways to center.


Tipaimukh in Hunger-I

By David Buhril

The dreaded cycle of bamboo flowering returns after forty eight years to render the Tipaimukh agrarian population in hunger. While the epicentre of the phenomenon negotiates with famine after the food crisis, the Government of Manipur is yet to address the plights of the hungry constituencies.

The predicted fear of famine did not spare the distressed agrarian villagers in Tipaimukh sub-division in Manipur's Churachandpur district, which is the epicentre of the dreaded gregarious bamboo flowering or mautam (in Hmar Mizo). Sub-divisions adjoining Tipaimukh, Thanlon, Singat and Henglep were also chronically affected by severe food crisis after the natural phenomenon. The alarming increase of rats, rodents, birds, insects, and wild animals after the bamboo flowering has severely destroyed all standing crops, leaving the self-reliant farmers with nothing. Since the latter part of 2007 the bamboo flowering has resulted in a full blown food crisis. “There was nothing left for us to harvest. Not even a sheave of grain. Not even the chillies, sesame and maize. We battled with the rats, rodents, insects and wild animals over our hard toiled crops. In the end we get nothing out of it. We are not even left with seeds. Today we are living with hunger. We are doomed and shattered. Only God knows what holds for us”, Fimlawithang of Parvachawm village said. Fimlawithang and his son, Hmangailien walked for more than eight hours to Senvon village with the quest to buy rice. They met with their anguish when they discovered that the merciless local inflation has severely reduced their buying power. “What little is available is too costly for us to afford. The other day I was told that AAY/BPL/APL rice is available for Rs. 15 a kilo, today it is being sold at Rs.18 a kilo. How on earth could we afford such soaring prices when we don't have any other source of income at all?”, Fimlawithang added.

The natural phenomenon of bamboo flowering has been recorded to have happened in 1862, 1881, 1911-12 and 1959 too. It re-occurs after every forty eight years. All of them resulted in severe famine. According to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests 159th Report, the 1959 famine claimed between 10,000 and 15,000 lives in Mizoram, Tripura, Manipur and Barak Valley of Assam. Not only that the food crisis and unrest in the midst of the bamboo flowering during 1958-60 gave birth to the Mizo National Famine Front in the year 1960, who then took to arms under the banner of Mizo National Front (1961), waging for more than 20 years of arms struggle for secession and sovereignty from India.

This time the food crisis and hunger after the bamboo flowering has once again stirred public discontentment and distrust with the Government of Manipur. The hunger in the belly of the fringe Tipaimukh constituency has become fiercer when the government, despite the predicted phenomenon, failed to bring any succour to the distressed agrarian population. While the helpless hungry population sees no immediate sign of Manipur Government's intervention to address their deteriorating plights, Vawmkapthruom Pulamte said, “Our trust has ended with the Manipur government. Our situation under the government of Manipur is worse than that of any abandoned orphans or surrogate children. See the state of absence of any form of government's intervention in the interest of welfare and development. There is none. Even the National Highway 150 and the bridges have not been maintained for more than 20 years. We are not provided with any lifeline. On the other side in Mizoram while AAY/BPL/APL rice is available for Rs. 3 and Rs. 6 a kilo, here in our village in Lungthulien it is priced at Rs. 18 a kilo. Even that is hardly available. Our existence as human being would not survive under such irresponsible government. We cannot belong here.”

Saikapkim of Pavachawm village said that their crop destroyers rendered them “hopeless and helpless.” She said, “They gnawed and ate everything that we had in one night. Our family did not harvest even a handful of rice from our jhum field. They also destroyed all the other crops. They did not spare us anything for seeds too.” Majority of the Tipaimukh villagers shared the same view with Saikapkim. Cornered with the situation, many of the jhum farmers could not even imagine of preparing new jhum fields for this year. Sangrem of Leisen village said, “How on earth could we prepare our jhum fields without any seeds? We are at loss. The bamboo flowering has shattered our livelihood system and it will take us many more years to recover from this big loss.” Lalchunghnung of Senvon village said, “I will never forget the day my wife returned from our jhum field crying like a little kid. I asked her what she was crying over to which she replied that there is not even a sheaf left for us. That day was like a mourning day for the family.” The same fate took a toll on many of the villagers too. Sangneikhum of Senvon also said, “I have no words when I found my ripen sheaves all gone in one night. I stood frozen in my jhum field. I had no courage to return home and tell my family that our long and weary toil has vanished. Seeing my ravaged field was like seeing the end of everything. It was like losing the most important battle in my life.” Hrangtlunglien of Leisen village also said, “After the rats, rodents and wild animals invaded our crops the entire village was left with nothing. Our hope of celebrating a grand 2007 Christmas was all gone. So with whatever little we had we thought of celebrating Christmas in October because we would have no food to eat after October.” A Pastor from Leisen village said, “That October morning I hired a good number of our villagers for the harvest. But when we reached my jhum field there was nothing left for me. All was gone. The invaders did not leave behind even a single sheave for me. I was shocked and nervous. I did not know what to do so I said a prayer with the villagers in the middle of the ravaged field and returned in silence with a heavy heart.”

On being asked what their most urgent need is, the distressed villagers response was “food.” However, the quest of the hungry population in Tipaimukh is not limited to their demand for food alone. This time it has gone beyond their nagging hungry quest to aspire for a government that has the political will to be responsible and proactive and a government that could be close to them. Tipaimukh, which is marred with sub-human poverty, food insecurity and near famine situation even in their best of times, is today a simmering pot of anger and discontentment with their unabated hunger. It would not be a mistake if the expressed public sentiment is read as a threat to the security and stability of the present government. The MNF inspired arms movement compelled by the food crisis during the previous bamboo flowering in the early part of 1960’s is still fresh in the memory of Tipaimukh villagers, who were also part of the historic movement that eventually ended with the birth of Mizoram. The desperation of the hungry and unrepresented population touched a new height as they talked of a “different government”, which they said is “necessary.” Besides confronting many such discussions, I was told that the subject have already become a “popular and necessary past time” in the cut-off villages where “governance”, “democracy” and “decentralisation” fails to speak for itself. The quest for survival has necessitated the marginalised villagers to dream of a government, which they are yet to live with.

“After all these years of deprivation”, Ralkapthang said, “what we have realized is that the Government of Manipur did not exhibit any political will towards us. Civil administration did not exist here at all. I will give you a prize if you could spot anything to say 'this here is handiwork of the government'.” Rosang added, “There is no road. Even the National Highway 150 that is supposed to exist is lost in every nook and corner. No bridges. No health centres. No public distribution system. Nothing. We are surviving miraculously by God’s grace. If there is any government that is representing us, that government should be ashamed.” Zawllienkung said, “I don’t think it would matter to the government even if we all die of hunger or epidemics.”

A peculiarity of these affected constituencies in the heart of the epicentre is that the traditional jhum cultivation is not only a source of food, but also a source of income for the farmers who are still trapped in the slash and burn method of cultivation. These practitioners form the most important group exposed to the risk of hunger. The growing food insecurity is directly associated with a crisis of food production. Such situation has compelled the necessity for instituting a body like the Public Famine Committee (PFC) in Senvon village in the latter part of 2007. Kawlhmingthang Khawlum, chairman of the PFC said, “We are pushed to the brink of hunger and distress as there is no government intervention in sight to address the food crisis. PFC was set up with the objective to activate the government in the interest of relieving the already intolerable situation. Despite that we have severe limitations and our voices are too small to be heard. Moreover we don’t have the resources to travel all the way to Imphal to continuously pursue the government for its intervention.” While there is a body that petitions the government, there are also a band of hunters in Lungthulien village who called themselves Mautam Do Pawl or Fighters of the gregarious bamboo flowering. The leader of the Mautam Do Pawl, Vawmkapthruom Pulamte said, “Mautam Do Pawl was formed by a group of hunter friends who had nothing to harvest in the previous year after the rats, rodents and wild animals invaded our jhum fields. Our livelihood prospect was shattered and we have no other means for survival so we formed the band to hunt down the invaders that destroy our food crops. We have trapped and killed thousands of rats and hundreds of wild animals that destroy our crops and left us doomed. Despite that the increase in population of these invaders is alarming. Had not we hunted them they would have attacked us too.”

The bamboo flowering, which turned out to be the doom flower, has wrecked the entire livelihood cycle of the jhum farmers who are totally dependent on their jhum fields. In the face of hunger, the recent epidemic that shook the hungry constituency has tolled more than 50 lives, mostly infants. The Government of Manipur is yet to reach the cut off villages threatened by the “mysterious disease” with necessary medical aid. The epidemic is equally taking its toll on their cattleheads too. Moreover, many children could not continue with their studies too as the primary focus has shifted from education to “bringing home something to eat.” Rolawm said, “Today, in the face of hunger, the big mad race is to bring home something to eat.” As a result many of the children between the age group of 9-15 are sweeping the vast jungle trapping, hunting or fishing. Many children combed the jungle with their home-made rifle or Hmarkhangzep hunting for any living creature. Immanuel Pulamte said, “I am supposed to join college last year. But my parents asked me to discontinue my studies as we did not harvest anything and there is nothing in the family. Today I am growing ginger with my parents and if we get a good harvest I hope to continue my studies again.” Many young girls like Lalhlimpui, a fifth standard student, left school to toil in the jhum fields.

The village authorities also informed that many children and youths have moved out to Mizoram, Assam, Meghalaya and parts of Manipur in search of work. Lalditum said, “We are all too poor to even move out of our villages to other place. Misery has trapped us in this forsaken place. There is nothing left for us here. But God gave us the hope and strength and we are still scratching for our lives.” Lalsawmlien of Leisen village said, “There is this wild root called Kamantari which is in good demand in Silchar and it is found in our community forest. We don’t know what it is used for. The entire village would hunt for this root, smoke dry them and sell it to agents in Lungthulien village. A kilo of the dry root would fetch Rs.15. If it is not well dried the price is bad again. But today the root is hard to find as the entire village goes looking for it. Everything is working against us. I don’t know what is in store for us.” Rotuoklien Joute said, “Our situation will deteriorate once the monsoon comes. The rivers would be flooded and as there are no bridges over the rivers there won’t be any way out for us. Our survival is at great stake. If the government did not intervene now we will be doomed.”

While the hope and expectation of the Tipaimukh villagers are diminishing, there is an urgent need for the Government of Manipur to draw famine codes for the hungry constituencies for identifying emergencies and measures to be taken up. The Government of Manipur should take the challenge of reaching out to the cut off villages and provide wage employment of public works, which later would become the mainstay of famine relief. This could be initiated by building roads and bridges, which are still absent from linking the villages. The government should also immediately intervene to check and control inflation that has severely hit the jhum farmers who have no other source of income. For this purpose, public distribution system has to be activated and stabilized and food storage facilities have to be installed. The absence of road, which has also paralysed transport and communication, has worsened the plights of the plagued farmers who are totally reliant on own-produced food. The Government of Manipur should also address the plights of the ruined farmers by providing them with seeds. Burdened with all the absence, the apprehension of the distressed villagers grow bigger and taller than their mountains as the rats, rodents and wild animals still eat whatever they sowed in their jhum fields. Lalnghatlien, in his choked voice, said, “We are in vain. Rats, rodents and wild animals are still raiding our fields. Our hope ends here.”



Tipaimukh in Hunger-II
by David Buhril

The withdrawal of the Government of Manipur from the epicentres of the bamboo flowering constituencies in Churachandpur district resulted in ushering the famine even when the alarm bell rang with the predicted phenomenon that struck with clock-like precision. The hunger situation in Manipur’s Tipaimukh and other adjoining constituencies has been worsened before it could get better. Indeed there was no chance to make it better in the absence of any proactive intervention by the Government of Manipur despite the predicted reoccurrence of the gregarious bamboo flowering that struck with a clock-like certainty. With the flower of doom that bloomed since 2006, food crisis deteriorated to create famine as the multiplying invaders - rats, rodents, insects and wild animals - ravaged the jhum fields and destroyed all crops. There was effectively no harvest in 2006. Crops severely failed again in 2007. The thin fabric of food security was depleted and the distressed agrarian population were not even left with seeds for the current year. “Rats and wild animals did not leave us even a single sheaf. It was like a great robbery. It is hard to believe how it all happened. Today it is our turn with the famine”, Rala of Leisen village said. Chawivel said, “I have seen the bamboo flower twice in my life. Our misery remains the same. Food shortage is again inevitably followed by famine, which is our reality today. I don’t know why we could not escape this deplorable situation.” Buongneitling of Senvon village also said, “This is the second time that I lived to see the bamboo flower. It came again with its merciless might. I thought that at least this time the government would act to erase our fear and worries. It is just another false hope. I am already 80 years old, but I still collect firewood to sustain our livelihood as everything failed in this doomed time.” While many of the hungry villagers accepted the destructive hands of the natural phenomenon, there is also a strong quest to explain why they have to live with famine when they are part of a State.” We have been living without any aid from the State for many decades. No roads, no public distribution system, no transport facilities, no health centres. We are living with the absence of everything. But in times like this we felt that it is the obligation of any responsible government to address our plights”, Vawmkapthruom of Lungthulien village said.

The absence of the role of the state actors has marred all prospects of life in these forsaken mountain villages. The rate of inflation is appalling. While in Mizoram, which also falls under the epicentre of the bamboo flowering, AAY rice is available for Rs. 3 per kilo, in Tipaimukh villages it is sold for Rs. 15 in some villages and in many other far-off villages the same rice is sold for more than Rs.20 a kilo. The distressed villagers are victims of entitlement failure. Going by the reality of the unacknowledged state of these hungry constituencies, it is apparent that the Government of Manipur lacked the political structure and the commitment for pursuit of comprehensive strategies of entitlement protection. However, in the absence of the State, entitlement failure seems to have nothing to do with the flourishing illegalities. “We are reduced to nothing as the prices of food have rocketted beyond our reach. There is no rice to buy in our village. We have to walk for more than eight hours to buy rice if we have the money, which is rare. Everything turned out to be so empty and we are so powerless. Many of us do not even have ten rupees in the family. I don’t know how we would carry on”, Vula of Lesien village said.

Seven villages in Tipaimukh, out of the 93 hill villages in the five hill districts of Manipur, were notified in September 2007 for establishing village grain bank by taking into account the realities of their inaccessibility and food scarcity. However, the listed villages are without the proposed grain bank. Worse, the famine stricken villagers did not know about the existence of any grain bank in their respective villages. The problems of famine and epidemics in Manipur’s Churachandpur district, despite the natural phenomenon, were purportedly caused by reasons that falls within the capacity of the government. Sawma of Parvachawm village said, “If the Government of Manipur had not avoided its responsibilities we would have found the great escape from these unfortunate epidemic deaths and famine. Our losing experiences will go down in history to tell the generations of the fear of the bamboo flower.”

For the usually self- reliant traditional jhum farmers, the bamboo flowering resulted not only famine but also a collapse of their entire livelihood system and social breakdown. With the destruction of the jhum fields, which is the only reliable source of security, the distressed villagers found themselves severely alienated as they are not left with any other alternatives to secure themselves. The growing sense of alienation has assumed a stronger assertion when in January 2008, the Tipaimukh Area Development Front (TADF) in its SOS call to the Prime Minister stated, “The tribal people of Tipaimukh sub-division would be obliged to, from now onwards, submit their Hills House tax to the Government of Mizoram as a token of their feelings of belonging and allegiance to the State”. While the hungry constituencies found themselves distanced and alienated, the authorities should act immediately to win them back. It must be remembered that such feeling, amidst the same bamboo flowering, ignited the Mizo National Front (MNF) that waged a bloody movement for “sovereignty” and “secession” in the 1960s.

With the bamboo flower shattering the livelihood system, the usually self-reliant and independent agrarian population were compelled to find an alternative means to support themselves. The options are running out with limited avenues in the cut-off mountain villages. “The entire village resorted to the forest and rivers to find anything that would relief our hunger. Everything is running out and there is not much left in the forest and the rivers. But for now they are all that we could count to”, Thuomlien of Sartuinek village said. Many parents told this correspondent that their children had moved out of their villages to Mizoram and other states in search of jobs. Besides, many families have migrated to other states to escape the famine. “We the remainders are the weaker lot. We are left with no choice but to hook on to this forsaken place despite the famine and the epidemics. If we could make our choice we would have moved out of this place anywhere”, Hrangtlunglien of Leisen village said. Efforts were made by various church organisations and NGOs to distribute rice in some villages. However, with their limited resources the church organisations and the NGOs could not do much to tackle the gigantic challenge of erasing the hunger and getting back the devastated agrarian population on their feet. Despite that many villagers said that they would be pushed to the brink of death if the church organisations had not intervened.

While the long inaction of the Government of Manipur in the face of the deteriorating famine has become intolerable, it issued an order on March 13, 2008 “to release a part of wages of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) in foodgrain and part in cash as the situation demands.” Accordingly, the Deputy Commissioner, District Programme Co-ordinator and Programme Officer are authorised to facilitate the procurement and distribution of the foodgrain through the department of food and civil supply (FCS) on the condition that the village authorities deposit a part of earned wage of the household to the concerned district authorities. The order also made it necessary for the district authorities to charge for transportation, loading/unloading and other overhead charge to be incurred during the procurement and distribution of foodgrain from the beneficiaries. The government’s efforts to tie the NREGS money for procuring foodgrain was sharply confronted by the Churachandpur District Students’ Union (CDSU) who felt that the Government of Manipur’s response to the calamity was found “starkly wanting.”

The student body was severely dissatisfied as no relief or rehabilitation measures were initiated by the government despite the allocation of 9.9 crore in the State annual budget, 2006-2007 for rodent control, relief, resettlement and checking shifting cultivation in the bamboo flowering areas. The student body strongly asserted against the government’s attempt to provide rice at open market rate of APL rice from the NREGS money, which is seen as an “attempt to robbed the poor man’s share of the centrally sponsored scheme.”

The Government of Manipur’s efforts of procurring foodgrain from the NREGS money brought immense worry to the distressed villagers too. “What will remain for us if the government use our NREGS money to buy us rice and charge all the loading / unloading and transportation cost?” Vawmkapthruom of Lungthulien village asked. “There are no motorable road that links our village. The nearest village with motorable road is more than eight hours walk from our village. If the government charge all the transportation, loading and unloading cost as well as the head load charges, there won’t be anything left for us. All our NREGS money would be lost on the way”, Thanglien of Leisen village said. Zawla of Sartuinek village also asked, “When it takes more than two days to reach our village from the district headquarters, I don’t think our little share of the NREGS money would have any meaning anymore when it reached us. Is there no other way out to tackle the famine?”

The insensitivity of the government has further pushed the devastated villagers to perceived their status as politically inferior to those who governed them. This status, under the Government of Manipur, made their plights seem insignificant and much less urgent, which eventually caused it to be misperceived. The Trevelyan, if not Smith’s like attitude is influential in persuading the government to do nothing even when the distressed villagers in the epicentre of the bamboo flowering were being pushed to the brink of famine and epidemics. The inconvenient attitude has dulled and extinguished the possible space for active sympathies and intervention that might have sustained political will to alleviate the immense suffering associated with reliance on the poor civil administration that is actually absent in the fringe mountain villages where hunger and death stalk unabated. It is appalling how the authorities play the mitigating game despite the challenge that it grapples with the moral indefensibility of epidemic deaths and unabated famine.

The long tour across the hungry constituencies brought to light that the Government of Manipur do not yet have the policies to match its commitments, if it has any. The ravaged villagers are without any grain bank or godown. There are no health centres and doctors. There are no motorable road in most of the villages. Worse, the government’s public distribution system (PDS) does not exist at all. Despite the crisis bell that rang much in advance to announce the inevitable cycle of the natural phenomenon the government of Manipur did not take up any measures to combat the destructive consequences. There is an urgent need to contain the current spiral of price level of rice and other food items, which would be possible only if the government intervene to redress the ongoing crisis. This is where the role of PDS in containing price increase comes in. The uncontrolled price spiral in the absence of food stock is an evidence of the withdrawal of the government who, otherwise, ought to be the responsible actor. The famine that hit the epicentres of the bamboo flowering constituencies, therefore, resulted not merely out of the natural phenomenon, but mostly due to the withdrawal of the state from all avenues that requires its role. The vacuum left unoccupied by the State is the reason behind the failure to immunise these marginalised constituencies from epidemic deaths and famine, which are the two major problems confronted by the distressed villagers.

Intervention should come from the government primarily, which has to be urgent. Although it has missed the precautionary measures the Government of Manipur ought to act immediately to set its hungry house in order. It would relief the hungry and vulnerable constituencies that are devastated by the bamboo flowering if the government declares it as “disaster prone area”, which is their reality. The Government of Mizoram has, in September 2007, declared the State with the same tag when the same doom flower has overblown. The Government of Manipur is yet to recognise and identify the severity of the calamity in the cut-off mountain villages in Churachandpur district, which is the epicentre of the bamboo flowering. The government has to avail alternative resources, other than the NREGS, to combat the famine in Churachandpur district and other hill districts that share the same problem. The NREGS may provide a social safety net for the poverty stricken population, but procurring rice from the NREGS money to tackle the famine is more a reactionary haste and an all end approach. The Government of Manipur could avail funds such as Additional Central Assistance from the Planning Commission, 12th Finance Commission and , if necesssary, also from the Calamity Relief Fund under the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Government of Manipur still has to reach the fringe mountain villages to build infrastructures to link and interlink them with roads and bridges, which are still absent. Wage employment of public works should be availed to the famine stricken villagers, which later would become the mainstay of famine relief. Besides, public distribution system has to be activated and stabilised. The problems of hunger, food insecurity and epidemic deaths will continue to have long and wider dimensions and will persist and even increase unless urgent, determined and concerted action following a stronger political will is taken.


‘Miracle’ plant from Saikot, ‘First to identify’ claim staked

IMPHAL, Jun 11 : Barely 24 hours after Associate Prof in the Department of Life Sciences, MU, P Kumar and his team announced that they have identified some medicinal properties in Chawilien Damdei and even confirmed its scientific name, the chairman of DPO Life Herbarium Society, Saikot, Darlhinglien today claimed that he was in fact the first man to discover the plant’s medicinal properties and added that a name has also been given to the plant extract.

Announcing this to the media today evening at the residence of one B Basanta Sharma at Wangkhei Pukhrambam Leirak, Darlhinglien, who is also the assistant headmaster of Saikot Government High School said that Chawilien whose cancerous swelling behind the ears subsided after he consumed the plant extract is in fact his patient. He is also related to me, claimed Darlhinglien.

After the swelling subsided following the consumption of the plant extract, Chawilien sent samples of the plant extract to his younger sister who is settled in Mizoram, said Darlhinglien and added that since the plant extract had the same healing effect, the Health Minister of Mizoram had even conveyed to him to plant the saplings of the plant there.

The Science and Technology Department of the of Mizoram had also acknowledged the curative properties of the plant extract in March last year, he claimed further. He however admitted that he has yet to receive any acknowled-gement from the Botanical Survey of India.

Darlhinglien said that all should co-operate to save the plant.


Delimitation exercise, Govt not placed to meet deadline

By Our staff Reporter

IMPHAL, Jun 11: Hampered by infrastructural backlog, technical inefficiency and other complications the 45 days time-frame set by the State Government for completion of delimitation exercise in the hill districts and sub-division of manipur is unlikely to materialise.

The delimitation exercise was envisioned in order to facilitate conduct of early elections for revival of the Autonomous District Councils (ADCs) in five districts and one sub-division in the hill areas of the State.

On completion of the delimitation exercise, jurisdiction of each ADC would cover 24 ADC segments.

Motion for the ADC polls was set during the special Assembly session wherein the Tribal Development Minister introduced the Manipur Hill Areas Autonomous District Council Bill 2008 only to be replaced with the promulgation of an Ordinance by the State Government.

After approval of the State Cabinet and subsequent issuance of the Ordinance, decision to hold the ADC poll was adopted sometime in May this year.

Even though the initial instruction from the State Government concerns expeditious completion of the delimitation exercise and to recommend a draft proposal on the same, the exercise had been stalled owing to various reasons.

Some factors impeding the exercise is said to be the interregnum of 10 days between the Cabinet decision and formal appoint- ment of Chairman of the Delimitation Commission, ab- sence of internet facility inspite of supply of com-puters some days back and lack of basic infrastructure for official procedures.

Further disclosing that since appointment of the Chairman two meetings attended by members of the Delimitation Commission and Deputy Commissioners concerned had already been held (june 2&9), the source said the DCs were instructed to submit draft proposals with regard to inter-village/inter-district boundary demarcations to avoid controversies when the ADC segments are finalised.

As there is no visible sign of the Govt guidelines being obliged till date, the time frame for completion of the delimitation exercise is likely to necessitate further extension, the source opined.

Nevertheless, the source confided that in case the DCs submit the draft proposals at the earliest possible, the Government too is planning for finalisation of the entire delimitation exercises by July 25.



KRA-KNA clashes force hundreds of villagers to flee

By : A Staff Reporter

IMPHAL, Jun 11: Hundreds of villagers from Molkol village and its surrounding areas in Saikhul have left their homes following clashes between rival cadres of KRA and KNA in the village on June 9.

Out of around 500 villagers who are taking refuge in five churches in Saikhul area, as many as 300 are women.

In the meantime, MLA from Saikhul kendra, Doukhomang Khongsai today visited the villagers taking asylum at the churches and distributed rice, sugar, edible oil, potatoes, salt and other essential commodities.

Mention may be made that two cadres belonging to the KRA and one to the KNA were killed in a marathon clash that took place between cadres of the KNA and KRA at Molkon village. The clash lasted from the evening of June 9 and continued till the morning of the next day. One KRA cadre was also wounded in the clash.

The villagers of Molkon, Naphai, Tigumnong, and Bouchei numbering around 500 left their homes while the clash was in progress and reached Saikhul bazar yesterday.

The villagers are taking shelter at Thankaphai, CBC, CHBA, KBC and KCC churches located at Saikhul and its surrounding areas under the Saikhul police station.

Local MLA Doukhamang who also attended a function organised by the Kuki Innpi said that once Saikhul area was a peaceful zone and many people settled there, but owing to the tension among the armed militants based there, peace had vanished from the area.

This had hampered development activities in the area, he said while expressing concern over the prevailing tense situation in the area.

While expressing concern over the increasing number of minor children joining the militants, he appealed to parents and guardians to restrain their children from joining the outlawed outfits and bring them up to be worthy citizens.

He also assured that various development works in the Saikhul area in his capacity would be taken up soon, adding that improvement work of the road from Saikhul to Molkon would be taken up at the earliest.

While announcing his assurance, he also urged the militants not to give any disturbance in taking up of development works.

He also urged them to maintain peace in the area.

MLA Th Nandakishore who was also with Doukhomang asked the people not to provide any help to the militants as they were hampering development works in the state.

SDO, Saikhul, T Manihar also observed that due to the clash among the members of the same community in Saikhul area, peace could not prevail in the area.

He said due to the clash among the militants, the civil populace was facing immense hardship and all development work was stalled.

He further announced that the NREGS programme would be implemented in Saikhul area as the authorities were getting ready for the same.

The function was also attended by leaders of churches, clubs and village chiefs along with representatives of the Kuki Students’ Organization.


Employment News Promotional Mail


Employment News issue dated 14.06.08 contains several attractive advertisements from some of the leading PSU/GOVT. Departments as below:-
  1. Life Insurance Corporation of India, Central Zonal Office, Bhopal is recruiting for the post of Assistants.
  2. DSSSB declares the results of written examination held on 3rd & 4th May, 2008 for the posts of Auxiliary Nurse, Pharmacist etc.
  3. Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering & Technology, Punjab invites applications for the posts of Professors, Assistant Professors and Lecturers.
  4. Bharat Dynamics Limited invites applications for the posts of Dy. Manager, Jr. Manager, Manager etc.
  5. MSME Tool Room, Hyderabad, Central Institute of Tool Design offers admission to M.E. (Mech.-CAD/CAM) & M.E. (Tool Design)-2008.
  6. Awadesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa offers admission to MBA, M.Sc., M.Phil., MA and various other courses.
  7. Engineers India Limited requires Project Management Services, Design Engineering and Process Design & Development/Plant Operations & Safety etc.
  8. Union Public Service Commission notifies Geologist�s Examination, 2008 and invites applications for various other posts also.
  9. MSTC Limited invites applications for the posts of Management Trainees.
  10. Staff Selection Commission declares the results of recruitment of Sub-Inspectors in Central Police Organisation, 2007.
  11. Narmada Control Authority invites applications for the posts of Dy. Director, Dy. Finance Officer, Liaison Officer and Accounts Officer.
  12. National Institute of Rock Mechanics requires Scientists and Administrative Staff.
  13. Goa Shipyard Limited invites applications for various Technical Posts.
  14. IDBI Bank Ltd. invites applications for the posts of AGM, Manager, Assistant Manager etc.
  15. Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi invites applications for the posts of Executive Engineer, Asst. Executive Engineer, Jr. Engineer, Information Officer and Jr. Technical Superintendent.
  16. Indo German Tool Room, Ahmedabad requires Manager, Sr. Engineer, Engineers etc.
  17. Software Technology Parks of India invites applications for the posts of Administrative Officer and Technical Officer.
Employment News issue dated 14.06.2008 contains advertisement for job vacancies of more than 55 Govt. Departments.

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Wednesday, June 11, 2008

Mini-Secretariat tumkik, MU hill campus bangchi ding?

Editorial, The Lamka Post June 11, 2008

Manipur University pen Central University a dopsang ahih dungzui in India a Central University teng in 7.5% reservation zat dia dan kibawlsa a zuih hong ngai hi. Manipur University a ST quota ana kizang sek leng zat theih hinawntalou a, huai ziak in Manipur University Tribal Students Union (MUTSU) leh All Tribal Students Union (ATSUM) in 34.2% reservation ngen in leh MU faculty leh staff tuamtuamte lakna a leng singtangmite deidanna omlou a a hiding bangtak a lak ding ngen in kiphinna nasatak ana pan ua Chief Minister makaih in Delhi a Human Resources Minister tanpha kimuhpih uhi. A ngetnate uh a lohchinlam theih hikei mahleh, MU hill campus 2 bawlkhiak ding UGC kiang ah proposal bawl a, UGC in leng a thu in lemsakna peta hi. MU in UGC a proposal a bawlte lak ah MU, Canchipur a department thak 7 honkhiak ding leng tel in hoih mahmah mahleh, MU hill campus 2 honkhiak ding kichi pen mahmah singtangmite a di’n hamphathuai hi. Deihthusam in bel MU hill campus hilou in UGC nuai ah University piching bang neithei leng uthuai mahmah hi. Himahleh, Nagaland University leng a tung a NEHU nuai a om himahleh tu’n University piching khat a suakta hi. Tua Manipur University i chih leng JNU centre khat maimai ana hisek mahleh tu’n bel Central University ahita hi. Huai ziak in MU hill campus i neih theih ua leh bel University piching neihna ding gintaksang in naizaw thei hi.

Tulel a siamsinna toh kisai a i dinmun uh i ngaihtuah chiang in, innmun-loumun pansan a lehkhaziltheihna mun i neih sunte uh Lamka Govt. College leh Churachandpur Govt. College ahi. Kingakna tham a chinlouhdan i theihchiatsa uh ahi a, ‘kai bei’ theih takpi ahi. BA/BSc hiai college-te apat zoukhete’n maban a sutzop nuam ua leh mundang a naih uh ngaita a, huai lah mi tamzawte a di’n thil haksapi ahi. Himahleh, MU in UGC kiang a proposal a bawl pen sunglam leh polam apat subuaitu omlou a a paisuak theih a leh 11th plan proposal ahihman in 2007-12 sung in Master Course, M. Phil. leh Ph.D tanpha i innmun-loumun ua pat i zil theita ding uhi. Proposal dungzui in MU hill campus ah Social Work Department, Environmental Science Department, Forestery and Horticulture Department, Rural Development Department leh Tribal Research Department honkhiak sawm uhi. Hiai department-te ahihleh professional line ngen ahihman in hiai department apat Master’s Degree ngahte a di’n, a houlam in gen leng, sepna muh a nuamzaw maithei hi.

Sepna lam toh kisai in leng, MU proposal dungzui a MU hill campus bang bawl hileh Social Work Department, Environmental Science Department, Forestery and Horticulture Department leh Rural Development Department nuai ah Faculty di’n Professor 1 chiat, Reader 2 chiat leh Lecturer 4 chiat lak hiding hi. Huaite banah, non-teaching post tuamtuam tamtak, Sweeper, Chowkidar cum Mali, Peon, Plumber electrician, Jr. Asst, Lab Asst, Tech Asst, S.O. (Electrical), S.O. (Civil), Assistant (General), Assistant (Fin & A/Cs), Semi Professional Asst, Professional Asst, Section Officer (Fin. & A/Cs), Section Officer (Admn.), Asst Librarian, Asst Engineer, Asst. Fin. Officer, Asst Registrar, Deputy Fin. Officer leh Deputy Officer lak hiding hi. Siamsinna lam leh sepna zon lam lunglutloute a di’n leng “Construction of Building & Campus Development” nuai ah Administrative Building, Library Building, 60 bedded Men’s Hostel, 60 bedded Ladies Hostel, Type (VI), 1 Block (4 units), Type (V), 4 Blocks (16 units), Type (IV), 10 Blocks (40 units), Type (III), 15 Blocks (60 units), Type (II), 10 Blocks (40 units), Canteen, 1 Block, Road Electrician i/c Generator, Water Supply, Road, Drain leh sum tamtak lut a bawl ngai ding nna tuamtuam tamtak om hi.

Himahleh, hiai bang hamphatna pen AIR Radio Station bang deuh a, i kamsung ua a om khin hinapi valh theihlouh a a om nilouh ding lauhhuai mahmah hi. Mini-Secretariat bawlna ding tungtang ngial ah, project sepsuahna dia sorkar in sum tanpha sanction a bawl nung in kihazatna ziak liauliau in tumkik hilhel a, simlam a tengte hi’n mallam a tengte hitaleh, Churachandpur district mipite’n i suploh chiat uhi.

Huai ziak in, Mini-Secretariat mah bang a mahni deihna mun chiat a MU hill campus koih sawm a kikantuahna ziak a a tum mang ding lauhhuai ahihman in, nam-le-gam banah mipi a dia sem kichi pawlpi tuamtuamte’n mipi hamphatna ding a hawlmanglouhna ding ua kithukimna khat a neihtheih uh deihhuai hi. Kithukimna a neihtheihkei tawp ua leh leng sorkar khut a koih a, sorkar’ vaihawm dandan pom dia kithukimna tan bek a neihtheih uh hoih ding hi. MU hill campus leng Mini-Secretariat bang a a tumkik a leh bel mipi a dia sem pawlpi kichite mipi hamphatna ding hawlmangtu pawlpi suak ding uhi.


MPCC President in Congress Blocks Conference uap, Congress Minister/MLA te zuih ding leh sep ding Resolution 4 pass

Lamka, June 10: Manipur Pradesh Congress Committee thupiak dungzui in CCpur block, Thanlon block leh Tipaimukh block congress conference tuni sun dak 12 in Synod Hall, Lamka ah neih in om a, MPCC President Pu Gaikhangam, Power Minister Pu Phungzathang Tonsing, MTDC Chairman Pu T. Manga Vaiphei, MLA ten hiai hun uap uhi. Tuabanah, CCpur block, Thanlon block leh Tipaimukh block apan makai tuamtuam inleng uap in thugenna hun zang chiat uhi.

MPCC President Pu Gaikhangam in genna ah, India vaihawmna ah Indian National Congress chihlouh party dang vaihawm zou ding omlou a, tua kia leng hilou in Sahkho Zalenna kembittu party muanhuai pen congress hi’n leng gen hi.

Power Minister in a genna ah, Congress makaih UPA solkal vaihawmna nuai ah singtangmi namniam leh gentheite panpih theihna ding gelna in guide line hoihtak nuai ah NREGS phuhkhiak in om a, hiai tungtawn in scheme tuamtuam pansan a sepkhak theihlouhte sepkhiak in om a, government hauhsakna zarzou kha theilou migenthei daikilkal a omte kiang government hauhsakna tun sak ahihdan gen hi. Hiai pen tamtak in Centre apan DC tungtawn a hong pai mai dan in a ngai ua, himahleh hiai hilou in UPA solkal lemgelna hizaw a, Manipur ah leng district tamzawte zarzou ma in CCpur in hiai hamphatna zarzou masazaw ahihdan gen hi. Hiai pen CCpur district sung a Minister te leh Congress MLA te hahpan ziaka district dangte sang a hiai hamphatna ngahmasak zawk a om hi’n leng gen hi.

Minister in a genzelna ah, Congress makaih UPA sokal vaihawmna nuai ah loubawlte khualna in loubawlmite loan late sum bat Rs. 60000 crores ngaihdam hi a, CCpur district ah leng agriculture toh kisai a loan ba na om ua leh hon hilh le uh chin, ngaihdam na hi ding uh chi’n leng gen hi.

Hiai Conference a paikhawmte’n kituaktak in thupukna 4 la ua, tuate bel; SPF in lampi, tui dawn ding, meivak, loubawlna, siamsinna leh a dangdang development works naksem a semsuah dia phut ding; Kizopna hoihsem a om theihna ding a Congress Ministers/MLA ten district sung tour a hong pai chiang ua, district level congress makaite a theihsak ua amaute toh kithuahpihna a nget ding chih leh Congress MLAs/Ministers ten congress member te co-operation hoihtak a piak ua, hamphatna toh kisai a leng congress member te deihsakna piak masak ding chihte ahi. Tuabanah, CCpur district sung a mautaam kialpi thuakte toh kisai kithuahpihna nasep ahitheitan a SPF solkal in a uang bawl ding chihte leng ahi.

District Youth Congress President Pu Tongthang in a genna ah, tui omlou in ngaswa hing theilou a, tua bang in mipi omlou in makai om theilou ahihman in, ngasate nuamtak a a hin theihna ding ua Ministers/MLA ten ngakul a tui hoihtak a a suk dim gige ding uh ahi chi’n leng gen beh hi.


1. It is resolved that the present congress led SPF Govt. be urged to take up more development works such as Road, Drinking water, Power, Agriculture, Education etc.

2. It is further felt and put on record that some of the Hon’ble Minister of the party have failed invariably to attract the confidence of the party whenever visited any part of the district.

It is therefore, resolved that the Hon’ble Minister of the party be urged to endorsed a copy of their tour programme and seek the co-operation of the party worker of the district for better relationship in future.

3. It is also resolved that the elected congress MLAs/Minister of the district be urged to give full co-operation and priority to the congress workers at the grass root level.

4. The Joint Block Level One Day Conference viewed seriously the problem of Bamboo flowering effected area of CCpur District and resolved that the state Govt. be urged to extend maximum possible means to solve the problem of the people of the effected area.


Tuni’n mi 10609 val in cancer damdawi, Meetei 200 val in aban ua maiba khau buhte uh attan in paimang

Lamka, June 10: Chawilien Cancer Medicine Research Agency Saikot ah tuni’n cancer damdawi la Imphal area leh mun tuamtuam apan tuni’n mi 10606 val in damdoi val ua, tuni’n cancer damdawi litres 1300 val ding hawm bei uhi.

Agency apan thutut kingah dan in, tuni a Imphal area leh mun tuamtuam apan damdawi la a kuan Meetei mi 200 val in aban ua maiba khau a buhte uh a phattuamna om nawnlou a, Jesu Christ a gintak ziak un at-tan in paimang vek ua, Sumrei (14) s/o Tom Singh of Thrumchumba Chandel District kho mulou inleng tuni’n khua muthei hi. Pu Chawilien, a Pathian nasepna ah tuni tan tawl gawptak ziakin Lamka khopi sung a saptuam hileh mi malmal in thumna a phawk chiat ding in Joseph Infimate Information Media Incharge in ngen hi. Zan nitak ngial in Imphal leh mun tuamtuam apan damdawi la dia kuante amun ah giak lut in zan dak 9:00 apan mi 500/600 val damdawi la ding ki-line khin uhi.